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Uses and Applications of LPG

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Natural gas consists mainly of Methane and also contains a mixture of various gases like Ethane, Propane, and Butane in small quantities. When processed through refrigeration, LPG can be separated from the natural gas. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Uses and Applications of LPG


1

Uses and Applications of LPG
  • BROTHERS GAS BOTTLING DIST. CO. (L.L.C)

2
What is LPG?
  • LPG is the acronym for Liquefied Petroleum Gas.
    It is also known as Liquid Petrol Gas or LP Gas.
    It is a mixture of non-toxic flammable
    hydrocarbons consisting mainly of Propane and
    Butane. Sometimes traces of Butylenes, Propylene
    and other hydrocarbons are also found in small
    concentrations. But mostly what liquid petroleum
    gas suppliers provide is either Propane or
    Butane. In some cases, a mixture of both the
    gases.

3
Preparation of LPG
  • It is reported that approximately 60 of LPG is
    extracted from natural gas and oil processing and
    remaining 40 is produced through refining crude
    oil.

4
Natural gas processing
  • Natural gas consists mainly of Methane and also
    contains a mixture of various gases like Ethane,
    Propane, and Butane in small quantities. When
    processed through refrigeration, LPG can be
    separated from the natural gas.

5
Crude oil refinning
  • Crude oil is a complex mixture of different
    combinations and concentration of organic
    compounds, including alkanes and smaller fraction
    of aromatics. LPG is produced as a by-product
    when heated crude oil is refined using a
    distillation tower.

6
LPG
  • Large quantities of LPG will be transported to
    the terminal stores and then pressurized. When
    pressure is applied to Propane and Butane, the
    gases compress to 274 times less space than
    normal and eventually turns into a liquid. The
    bulk industrial gases suppliers will fill the
    liquefied gas in cylinders and tanks in the
    bottling plants and will deliver it to retailers
    (service stations or commercial stores) or to
    direct customers, both in small and bulk
    quantities.

7
Properties of LPG
  • Due to its simple chemical compound, LPG readily
    burns without emitting no soot or residue and
    considered one of the cleanest energy source
    compared to other alternative fuels. It is
    heavier than air. However its relative density
    and energy density per volume unit are lower than
    either that of petrol or fuel oil. Here are some
    of the unique properties of LPG.
  • LPG is colourless, tasteless and odourless in
    nature. But, often Liquid Gas Services add a
    pungent gas called Methyl Mercaptan
    (Methanethiol) to LPG, in order to detect the gas
    leakage.

8
Application of LPG
  • LPG is the most preferred gas with thousands of
    applications in residential, commercial and
    industrial sectors. Every top gas company of
    today relies on LPG for various products and
    services. Here are some of the applications of
    LPG

9
  • The topmost use of LPG is to fuel the vehicles
    and trucks. When evidently used as a fuel for
    vehicles, it is termed as autogas. It is also
    used in forklift trucks to ensure better
    performance.
  • Photochemical industry uses LPG as a live
    feedstock.
  • Used as aerosol propellants and refrigerant gas,
    LPG is a great alternative for CFCs
    (chlorofluorocarbon), in an effort to control
    ozone depletion.
  • Many LPG gas suppliers in dubai rely on LPG as
    the most suitable gas to keep their business
    growing. It is safe and easy to store and
    transport LPG even in bulk quantities.
  • As a great industrial fuel, it is commonly used
    for applications like drying, heating, brazing,
    etc.

10
  • LPG is used to produce electricity by deploying
    in power generators and turbines.
  • It is highly valued for its high temperature and
    widely used across various applications involving
    heat and energy.
  • Industries like agriculture, printing, metal
    processing, food and beverages, painting and
    recreational activities also rely heavily on LPG.

11
  • Only a powerful gas like LPG can be used as a
    cooking fuel in Dubai, refrigerator in Brazil,
    autogas in Tokyo and for cutting metals in
    Germany. Undoubtedly, LPG has a wide scope of
    applications across several sectors and proven to
    be the most preferred gas source of today.

12
For More Details BROTHERS GAS BOTTLING DIST.
CO. (L.L.C) 204 Al Fattan Plaza, Al Garhoud,
Dubai, UAE Ph 97142517979 Fx 97142517900 E
sales_at_brothersgas.ae Web www.brothersgas.com
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