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Liver Failure Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, Tests & More


Get the facts about liver diseases, such as hepatitis, cancer, fatty liver, and cirrhosis. Know your risk and what you can do to prevent liver problems. Learn about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis & treatment of Manifestations of Liver Disease. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Liver Failure Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, Tests & More


Introduction to Liver Diseases
  • The liver plays an important role in many bodily
    functions from protein production and blood
    clotting to cholesterol, glucose (sugar), and
    iron metabolism.
  • A liver disease can be genetic or caused by a
    variety of factors that damage the liver, such as
    viruses and persistent alcohol intake.
  • Liver damage may also lead to hepatitis, liver
    tumors, and liver abscess.

Symptoms to Liver Diseases
  • Skin and eyes that appears yellowish (jaundice)
  • Abdominal pain and swelling
  • Swelling in the legs and ankles
  • Itchy skin
  • Dark urine colour
  • Pale stool colour, or bloody or tar- coloured
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Tendency to bruise easily

Contributing factor to liver disease
  • Infection Bacteria and viruses can infect the
    liver leading to swelling that reduces liver
    function. The viruses that cause liver damage can
    be spread through blood, semen, contaminated food
    or water, or close contact with an infected
    individual. Common forms of liver infection
    are Hepatitis A, B and C.
  • Immune system irregularity Diseases in which
    your immune system attacks certain parts of your
    body can impact your liver. Such autoimmune liver
    diseases include autoimmune hepatitis, primary
    biliary cirrhosis and primary sclerosing

Continue- Contributing factor to liver disease
  • Genetics An abnormal gene inherited from one or
    both of your parents can cause liver damage.
    Liver diseases caused by genetics include
    hemochromatosis, hyperoxaluria and oxalosis and
    Wilson's disease.
  • Cancer and other growths Examples of liver
    diseases caused by cancer growth include liver
    cancer, bile duct cancer and liver adenoma.

Treatment for liver disease
  • Treatment for liver disease depends on your
    diagnosis. Certain liver problems can be treated
    with lifestyle modifications, such as stopping
    alcohol use or losing weight, normally as part of
    a medical program that includes careful
    monitoring of liver function. Severe liver
    complications may require medications or surgery.
    However, a liver disease which causes liver
    failure may ultimately require a liver
  • Operations may be required to treat portal
    hypertension and minimize the risk of bleeding.
  • Liver transplantation is the final option for
    patients whose livers have failed.

Prevention of liver disease
  • There are many things which can be done
    to prevent liver disease. These may include
  • Limiting your alcohol intake to just one drink
    per day for men, women and older people. You are
    at great risk of damaging your liver if you drink
  • If you are at increased risk of contracting
    hepatitis or if you've already been infected with
    any form of the hepatitis virus, talk to your
    doctor about getting the hepatitis A
    and hepatitis B vaccines.

Continue- Prevention of liver disease
  • Take medications only when needed to and in
    recommended doses. Never mix medications and
  • Avoid contact with other people's blood and body
    fluids as the hepatitis viruses can be spread by
    accidental needle sticks or improper cleanup of
    blood or body fluids.
  • Maintain a healthy weight because being
    overweight can cause maintain a healthy weight.