Gastroparesis : causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Gastroparesis : causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

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Gastroparesis is a condition in which a human stomach cannot empty itself of food in a normal manner. Gastroparesis disorder is also known as delayed gastric emptying. Gastroparesis disorder is most common among middle age women. When the cause of Gastroparesis is not known it is known as Idiopathic Gastroparesis. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Gastroparesis : causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment


1
Gastroparesis
  • CAUSES SYMPTOMS DIAGNOSIS TREATMENT

2
WHAT IS Gastroparesis?
  • Gastroparesis is a condition in which a human
    stomach cannot empty itself of food in a normal
    manner.
  • Gastroparesis disorder is also known as delayed
    gastric emptying
  • Gastroparesis disorder affects the normal
    functioning of contraction which is required for
    the proper digestion of food.
  • Gastroparesis disorder is most common among
    middle age women.
  • When the cause of Gastroparesis is not known it
    is known as Idiopathic Gastroparesis. 

3
Gastroparesis FACTS
  • Gastroparesis is a disease of the stomach or the
    nerves controlling the muscles that causes the
    muscles to stop working.
  • Gastroparesis results in inadequate grinding of
    food by the stomach, and poor emptying of food
    from the stomach into the intestine.
  • The primary symptoms of gastroparesis
    are nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.
  • Gastroparesis is best diagnosed by a test called
    a gastric emptying study.

4
CAUSES OF Gastroparesis
  • These are the following causes of gastroparesis
  • Viral infection
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Stomach surgery
  • Eating disorder (eating high fibre foods)
  • Cancer
  • Chemotherapy
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Drug overdose
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Multiple sclerosis

5
SIGN AND SYMPTOMS OF Gastroparesis?
  • The symptoms of Gastroparesis include 
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Stomach bloating
  • Lack of appetite
  • Stomach pain
  • Heartburn
  • Weight loss
  • Acid reflux
  • Swelling in the abdomen
  • Malnutrition

6
DIAGNOSIS OF Gastroparesis?
  • Diagnostic tests for Gastroparesis may include
  • X-ray- It is done to check for any type of
    blockage that could be causing Gastroparesis.
  • Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy- In this
    procedure, a tiny camera is attached to a
    flexible tube to examine the upper
    gastrointestinal system.
  • Gastro emptying study- It is a nuclear medical
    test to measure the speed at which a stomach
    empties the solid food and liquids.
  • Gastric manometry- It uses a thin tube to measure
    the electrical impulses of the stomach and the
    small intestine.

7
TREATMENT FOR GASTROPARESIS?
  • The most effective treatment of the Gastroparesis
    is changes in lifestyle. Below are some possible
    treatment for Gastroparesis
  • Avoid eating too much in one go instead eat at
    regular intervals throughout the day.
  • Eat foods that are low in fat and fibre.
  • Eat slowly and avoid drinking too much water
    after eating.
  • Do yoga to get relief from painful symptoms.
  • Take medicines to boost digestion

8
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