Angina pectoris : causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Angina pectoris : causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

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Angina pectoris is a medical condition resulting in chest pain or discomfort. Angina pectoris occurs when the heart is not getting enough blood supply. the pain related to angina is temporary, but if left untreated can make serious heart complications inevitable. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Angina pectoris : causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment


1
Angina Pectoris
  • CAUSES SIGN SYMPTOMS DIAGNOSIS TREATMENT

2
INTRODUCTION TO ANGINA PECTORIS
  • Angina pectoris is a medical condition resulting
    in chest pain or discomfort. 
  • Angina pectoris occurs when the heart is not
    getting enough blood supply.
  • In Angina pectoris lack of proper blood supply to
    the heart increases the risk of pain, heart
    attack, stroke, and other coronary artery
    diseases.
  •  The pain related to angina pectoris is
    temporary, but if left untreated can make serious
    heart complications inevitable.

3
TYPES OF ANGINA PECTORIS
  • Stable Angina- Angina pectoris occurs when a
    patient is involved in some kind of physical
    activity like exercise. During physical activity,
    the heart becomes overactive often leading to
    pain in the chest. Stable Angina is also known as
    chronic angina, as it follows a regular pattern. 
  • Unstable Angina-  Angina pectoris can occur
    anytime, even when a person is resting. Unstable
    angina is less common than the stable angina, but
    can get worse over time and may lead to a heart
    attack. 

4
RISK FACTORS OF ANGINA PECTORIS
  • Patients with coronary artery disease are at
    greater risk of angina pectoris. Some common risk
    factors of angina pectoris include
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • High level of bad cholesterol
  • Obesity
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Smoking
  • Physical inactivity
  • Having a history of Cardiovascular disease
  • Unhealthy work out
  • Living in extreme hot or cold conditions

5
SIGN AND SYMPTOMS OF ANGINA PECTORIS
  • Pain and discomfort in the chest is a most common
    symptom of angina pectoris. The symptoms of
    stable angina pectoris last from a few seconds to
    15 minutes. Some other symptoms of
    angina pectoris are
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Anxiety
  • Nausea
  • Abnormal sweating
  • Breathing problems
  • Heartburn
  • Indigestion

6
DIAGNOSIS OF ANGINA PECTORIS
  • Angiography- Is an imaging technique that allows
    doctor to see the patients blood vessels. The
    angiography exam reveals which artery is
    affected.
  • Electrocardiogram- Determines the electrical
    activity of the heart and measures the rhythm of
    the heart. 
  • Blood tests- To measure the levels of
    cholesterol, fats, diabetes, and proteins.

7
TREATMENT OF ANGINA PECTORIS
  • Medications 
  • The patient of angina pectoris is often
    prescribed with nitrates. Nitrates help in
    reducing the frequency of angina attacks by
    relaxing and widening blood vessels. A patient
    may also be, given beta-blockers, calcium channel
    blockers, anticoagulants, and high blood
    pressure medications. These medications lower the
    blood pressure, ease the chest discomfort, and
    prevent blood from clotting. 

8
CONTINUE - TREATMENT OF ANGINA PECTORIS
  • Surgery 
  • If medicinal treatment is not giving desired
    results, surgical procedures are required to
    treat angina. The most common surgical procedure
    used for the treatment of angina is angioplasty,
    which is also known as stent procedure. The stent
    is permanently placed in the patients artery to
    prevent it from blockage. The stent keeps the
    passage open, allowing blood to flow easily.

9
LIFESTYLE CHANGES 
  • Avoid smoking
  • Controlling weight
  • Controlling diabetes and cholesterol
  • Rest
  • Avoiding alcohol
  • Healthy diet

10
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