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Ovarian Cancer Treatment in India

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Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the ovaries. Women have two ovaries, one on each side of the uterus. The ovaries - each about the size of an almond - produce eggs (ova) as well as the hormones estrogen, progesterone. Ovarian cancer often goes undetected until it has spread within the pelvis and abdomen. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ovarian Cancer Treatment in India


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OVARIAN CANCER   Ovarian cancer is a type of
cancer that begins in the ovaries. Women have two
ovaries, one on each side of the uterus. The
ovaries - each about the size of an almond -
produce eggs (ova) as well as the hormones
estrogen, progesterone. Ovarian cancer often goes
undetected until it has spread within the pelvis
and abdomen. Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer
that begins in the ovaries. Women have two
ovaries, one on each side of the uterus. The
ovaries each about the size of an almond
produce eggs (ova) as well as the hormones
estrogen, progesterone and testosterone. Ovarian
cancer often goes undetected until it has spread
within the pelvis and abdomen. At this late
stage, ovarian cancer is difficult to treat and
is often fatal.  
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  • Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer
  • There are no specific symptoms of the ovarian
    cancer. They are very similar to other diseases
    like digestive or bladder problems. However, they
    worsen with time.
  • It is very important that an early diagnosis of
    Ovarian Cancer is made for complete treatment of
    the patient and better quality of life.
  • Few of the symptoms of Ovarian Cancer may
    include
  •   Abdominal pressure, fullness, swelling or
    bloating
  •   Pelvic discomfort or pain
  •   Persistent indigestion, gas or nausea
  •   Changes in bowel habits, such as constipation
  •   Changes in bladder habits, including a frequent
    need to urinate
  •   Loss of appetite or quickly feeling full
  •   Increased abdominal girth or clothes fitting
    tighter around your waist
  •   A persistent lack of energy
  • Low back pain
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What are various Stages of Ovarian Cancer? There
are four stages of ovarian cancer. Your doctor
will determine your stage of ovarian cancer.
Ovarian cancer is treated differently depending
on which stage you are diagnosed with.  Stage
I The cancer is completely contained within the
ovary or ovaries  Stage  IA- One ovary
involved Stage  IB- Both ovaries involved Stage 
IC- One or both ovaries involved, but with cancer
on the surface of an ovary, rupture of an ovarian
cyst malignant ascites or  positive abdominal
washings. Stage II The cancer is in one or both
of the ovaries and has spread to additional
organs located in the pelvis such as the bladder,
colon, rectum or uterus.  Stage  IIA - Spread to
uterus or fallopian tubes Stage  IIB - Spread to
pelvic peritoneum Stage IIC - Confined to the
pelvis, but with malignant ascites or positive
abdominal washings.
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Stage III The cancer is in one or both ovaries
and has spread to one or both of the following
the lining of the abdomen or the lymph
nodes.  Stage IIIA - Microscopic spread to the
upper abdomen Stage IIIB - Cancer nodules less
than 2 cm in the abdomen Stage  IIIC - Nodules
more than 2 cm, or positive pelvic or aortic
lymph nodes Stage IV The most advanced stage of
cancer. The cancer has spread from one or both
ovaries to additional organs such as the liver or
lungs, or there may be cancer cells in the fluid
surrounding the lungs. 
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Diagnosis of Ovarian Cancer A pelvic exam is
performed for examining rectum, vagina and lower
abdomen for growths or masses. If the growths are
visible on ovaries then certain other tests are
also performed for producing detailed images of
the ovaries. Some of the tests include
Exploratory Surgery  This surgery is
performed for confirming the diagnosis of ovarian
cancer. Ultrasound  High-frequency sound waves
are produced in order to get precise images of
the structures inside the body. Blood Tests CA
125 blood test is performed for those women who
are suspected of having ovarian cancer or
previously had ovarian cancer. This blood test
helps in detecting a protein antigen that can be
found at abnormally high levels in the blood
serum of those women who have ovarian
cancer. Positron Emission Tomographic Scan
(PET)  This test helps in defining those areas
that altered blood supply and also helps in
identifying cancer. Upper G.I. and Lower G.I.
Scopy It helps in ruling out the primary cancer
present in G.I. tract. CT scan This helps in
generating two dimensional images of the body
that may show whether the cancer has
spread. Mammography Metastatic tumors can be
ruled out with this test. Magnetic Resonance
Imaging (MRI) Magnetic energy is used for
generating highly detailed images of the anatomy
such as tumors.
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Most Advanced Ovarian Cancer Treatment in
India Surgery Three types of surgeries are
involved in treating ovarian cancer such as
Laparoscopy  Gynaeoncologist perform
laparotomy through a large abdominal incision,
most often removing your ovaries, uterus,
fallopian tubes, nearby lymph glands, a fold of
fatty tissue called the omentum and as much of
the tumor as possible. Frozen Section Tissue
Analysis  The rapid analysis of the tissue is
done under a microscope. The nature of the tumor
is determined as whether it is cancerous or
non-cancerous that also helps surgeons to perform
a suitable procedure during the first
surgery. Laparotomy  This procedure is used by
making a large abdominal incision. This incision
is done for removing uterus, ovaries, Fallopian
tubes surrounding lymph glands, omentum (a fold
of fatty tissue) and tumor. Cytoreductive or
debulking surgery is another name for this
surgery.
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Chemotherapy After surgery, you'll most likely be
treated with chemotherapy - drugs designed to
kill any remaining cancer cells. Chemotherapy may
also be used as the initial treatment in some
women with advanced ovarian cancer. Chemotherapy
drugs can be administered in a vein
(intravenously) or injected directly into the
abdominal cavity, or both methods of
administering the drugs can be used. Chemotherapy
drugs can be given alone or in combination.   Radi
ation therapy Radiation therapy uses high-energy
beams to kill cancer cells. The use of radiation
therapy to treat ovarian cancer has declined in
recent years, but Gyneconcologist use it in
certain cases, such as when patient have a
recurrence of cancer at the original site or if
she can't tolerate chemotherapy. Gyneconcologist
may use whole abdominal radiation to treat
ovarian cancer that remains or recurs in the
abdomen.
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Latest and Advanced Minimally Invasive
Surgery for Ovarian Cancer in India Indian
Hospitals gives women with ovarian cancer access
to the latest in cancer treatment. For example,
Indian surgeons use fertility-sparing surgery,
minimally and robotic surgery in select cases,
when app minimally invasive surgery also called
laparoscopic surgery for several conditions. In
minimally invasive procedures, your doctor makes
one or more incisions, each about a half-inch
long, to insert a tube. The number of incisions
depends on the type of surgery. The tube or tubes
let the doctor slip in tiny video cameras and
specially designed surgical instruments to
perform the procedure.   When you have minimally
invasive surgery, you're likely to lose less
blood and have less postoperative pain, fewer and
smaller scars, and a faster recovery than you
would after open surgery. Depending on your
condition, you may need only a short hospital
stay. For some conditions, your doctor may
recommend robotic surgery. That technology gives
your doctor great precision, flexibility and
control by providing a magnified, 3-D view of the
surgical site.
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FAQ - Ovarian Cancer Treatment in India Is it
safe to get Ovarian Cancer Treatment and Surgery
in India? The medical fraternity in India is
famed for excellence, and leads in Cancer
surgeries. Thousands of cancer operations are
performed in India each year with maximum success
rate, making the safety obvious. Why people
choose India for Ovarian Cancer Treatment and
Surgery? Ovarian cancer hospitals in India
specialize in advanced, minimally invasive
techniques that fight cancer while supporting
your quality of life, both during and after
treatment. How to find the best Ovarian Cancer
Treatment and Surgery in India? As there are many
top class surgeons in India, finding the best can
be tricky. Send us your medical report and we
will choose from among the best surgeons most
suitable for your condition.
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