Vitiligo : causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Vitiligo : causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

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Vitiligo is a chronic skin problem, which causes the loss of skin colour resulting in white and uneven patches. These blotches can appear anywhere on the skin. Vitiligo problem occurs when melanocytes cells die. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Vitiligo : causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment


1
Vitiligo
  • CAUSES SYMPTOMS TREATMENT

2
WHAT IS VITILOGI
  • Vitiligo is a skin disease that causes white
    patches on skin
  • The pigmentation of skin can occur on any part of
    the body
  • The white spots occur due to lack of skin cells
    called melanocytes
  • Affects 1 to 2 of the population
  • More visible in people with darker skin
    complexion
  • Non-contagious disease

3
CAUSES OF VITILOGI
  • The prime cause of vitiligo is the death of
    melanocytes, the skin cells. Melanin is the
    pigment produced by the melanocytes, which gives
    skin its original color. When melanocytes are,
    destroyed, skin tends to lose its original colour
    as a result, there is a formation of large and
    uneven patches on the skin.
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Autoimmune disorder Immune system of the body
    destroys own body cells.
  • Pernicious Anaemia
  • Nervous system disorder

4
SYMPTOMS OF VITILOGI
  • Skin decoloration (the skin will become pale or
    white)
  • Premataure (before age 35) whitening or graying
    of the hair o the scalp, eyelashes, eyebrows, or
    beard
  • Loss of or change in the color of the retina
  • Vitiligo can start at any age but usually appears
    by 20

5
DIAGNOSIS OF VITILOGI
  • Before starting the treatment, diagnosis of
    vitiligo is done to know the severity of this
    skin condition. A skin doctor may perform a
    physical examination and asks patients about
    their medical history and other questions such as
    when did condition started or is patient allergic
    to anything. The diagnostic test for vitiligo
    includes 
  • Blood test
  • Thyroid test
  • Biopsy

6
TREATMENT OF VITILOGI
  • There are various medicines and procedures for
    the treatment of vitiligo. A dermatologist will
    choose the best combination of medicines and
    procedures for the treatment of patients with
    vitiligo. The treatment of vitiligo can help in
    the reduction of white spots on the skin. Some
    treatments of vitiligo are listed below. 
  • Narrow band phototherapy- Involves the use of
    laser for minimising the visibility of white
    patches. 

7
CONTINUE - TREATMENT OF VITILOGI
  • Re-pigmentation- The colour of skin can be
    revived using re-pigmentation. The
    re-pigmentation treatment includes many methods
    such as grafting, dyes, micro-pigmentation,
    phototherapy, and creams with specific compounds,
    which are beneficial for the skin. 
  • De-pigmentation- This treatment is, done when
    there is a considerable affected area.
    De-pigmentation removes the skin pigment from the
    other unaffected areas of the body in order to
    match the whiter area. This is a long-term
    procedure and makes take up to one year before
    completion.

8
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