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Acidity: Definition, causes, symptoms and treatment of acidity.

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Acidity is said to have occurred when a person suffers from heartburn, and also when formation of gas takes place in the stomach. It is a common problem which many suffer from, and occurs mainly due to excess secretion of hydrochloric acid in the stomach. To know more about Acidity visit here: www.lazoi.com – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Acidity: Definition, causes, symptoms and treatment of acidity.


1
Acidity
2
Introduction to Acidity
  • Acidity is said to have occurred when a person
    suffers from heartburn, and also when formation
    of gas takes place in the stomach.
  • It is a common problem which many suffer from,
    and occurs mainly due to excess secretion of
    hydrochloric acid in the stomach.
  • The hydrochloric acid helps in the digestion of
    food, but when released in excess, it starts
    affecting the inner lining of the stomach. This
    causes an acidic stomach.
  • If not treated on time, the person might suffer
    from severe indigestion, gout, arthritis, and
    formation of ulcers either in the mouth or on
    inner walls of the stomach.
  • When acidity takes place, the gastric juices move
    from the stomach to the lower oesophagus or the
    food pipe, in turn making it dysfunctional. 

3
Causes of Acidity
  • Consumption of food containing excess fat
  • Excessive consumption of caffeine
  • Excessive consumption of alcohol, and smoking
  • Staying on empty stomach for a very long time
  • Pregnancy, obesity, and old age
  • Too much of junk food, and following an unhealthy
    diet

4
Symptoms of Acidity
  • During heartburn, the person experiences a
    burning pain in the chest, just behind the
    sternum. This occurs mainly during the night
    while the person is lying down.
  • Ulcer formation is seen in the mouth as well as
    in the oesophagus tube. Ulcers in the mouth often
    make it difficult for the person to speak
    properly.
  • Appetite becomes poor.
  • A severe or minor burning in the upper part of
    the stomach is experienced. This is called
    dyspepsia.
  • The person suffering from acidity might also show
    signs of constipation.

5
Symptoms Continue
  • Nauseating feeling may also be followed by
    vomiting.
  • Mouth tastes bitter.
  • Respiratory problems are accompanied by frequent
    coughing.
  • Muscular contractions result in pain.
  • The person also experiences pain as well
    as inflammation in the chest.
  • Gastro-oesophageal acid reflux is another
    outcome.
  • Earaches are minor symptoms.

6
Preventions of Acidity
  • Eat healthy
  • Change your eating pattern
  • Eat slowly
  • Avoid sleeping with a full stomach
  • Stay fit
  • Increase water intake
  • Avoid tea, coffee
  • Limit alcohol intake
  • Quit smoking
  • Change your sleeping posture

7
Diagnosis of Acidity
  • Endoscopy - camera imaging
  • Biopsy - taking a tissue sample for laboratory
    analysis
  • Barium X-ray - imaging the esophagus, stomach,
    and upper duodenum after swallowing a chalky
    liquid that helps provide contrast on images
  • Esophageal manometry - pressure measurement of
    the esophagus
  • Impedance monitoring - measuring rate of fluid
    movement along the esophagus
  • pH monitoring - acidity testing

8
Treatment of Acidity
  • If you experience any of the above symptoms,
    mainly a burning sensation in the chest, or pain
    in the upper abdomen, you should visit
    a gastroenterologist immediately before the
    matter gets worse. There are several stomach
    acidity cures available in the market as well as
    in your home. Let us take a look at the various
    home remedies, as natural remedies are always
    better than the drugs and antacids that you get
    in the market.

9
Home Treatment of Acidity
  • Bananas and pineapple juice are good for getting
    rid of heartburn and acid indigestion.
  • Coconut water, yogurt, and cucumbers are also
    good for treating this condition.
  • Consumption of basil leaves also helps.
  • Taking two teaspoons of honey along with natural
    cider vinegar, just before meal, helps treating
    an acidic stomach.
  • Mont juice or oil are some of the best homemade
    remedies.
  • Jaggery dissolved in a glass of cold milk gives
    instant relief from acidity.
  • Proper exercises, daily walks, and following
    a healthy diet are factors which prevent this
    condition altogether.

10
Risk Factors of Acidity
  • Conditions that can increase your risk of Acidity
    include
  • Obesity
  • Bulging of top of stomach up into the diaphragm
    (hiatal hernia)
  • Pregnancy
  • Smoking
  • Dry mouth
  • Asthma
  • Diabetes
  • Delayed stomach emptying
  • Connective tissue disorders, such as scleroderma

11
Complications of Acidity
  • Narrowing of the esophagus (esophageal stricture)
  • An open sore in the esophagus (esophageal ulcer)
  • Precancerous changes to the esophagus (Barrett's
    esophagus).

12
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