Hematuria (Blood in the urine): Symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Hematuria (Blood in the urine): Symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment.

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Hematuria is the presence of blood or blood cells in the urine. Hematuria can be called either gross or microscopic. Gross hematuria occurs when there is enough blood present in the urine that it is visible to the naked eye. Can turn toilet water colour pale pink or bright red. Microscopic hematuria is a result of there being an amount of blood in the urine that can only be seen through a microscope. To know more visit here: www.lazoi.com – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Hematuria (Blood in the urine): Symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment.


1
Hematuria (Blood in the urine)
2
What is Hematuria ?
  • Hematuria is the presence of blood or blood cells
    in the urine. Hematuria can be called either
    gross or microscopic. 
  • Gross hematuria occurs when there is enough blood
    present in the urine that it is visible to the
    naked eye. Can turn toilet water colour pale pink
    or bright red.
  • Microscopic hematuria is a result of there being
    an amount of blood in the urine that can only be
    seen through a microscope.

3
Symptoms of Hematuria
  • Although blood in the urine is not always a
    significant symptom of disease, it can be an
    important warning sign to a possible health
    problem. Bloody urine should never be ignored.
    Contact your doctor right away if there is blood
    in your urine, especially if you are also
    suffering from 
  • Frequent, painful or urgent urination
  • Nausea, vomiting, fever, or pain in your abdomen

4
Causes of Hematuria
  • Urinary tract infection (UTI)
  • Pyelonephritis (UTI that has reached as far as
    the kidney)
  • Urinary stone disease
  • Enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hypertrophy)
  • Injury to the urinary tract
  • Kidney (renal) disease
  • Bladder cancer
  • Kidney cancer
  • Prostate cancer
  • Urine can also change colours due to food
    choices. Foods such as beets, blackberries, and
    rhubarb, as well as food with a lot of dyes, can
    cause your urine to change colour. 

5
Diagnosis of Hematuria
  • Urinalysis A test on a urine sample
  • Complete blood count (CBC) A test on a blood
    sample that measures red and white blood cell
    levels, platelet levels, and iron levels
  • Cystoscopy A test that uses a device called a
    cytoscope to look at the inside of the bladder
    and urethra
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan A test that uses
    X-rays and computers to make cross-sectional
    images of the abdomen and pelvis
  • Abdominal ultrasound A test that uses sound
    waves to make an image of the abdomen, including
    the kidneys

6
Treatment of Hematuria  
  • The treatment of hematuria depends strongly on
    the actual cause of blood in the urine. The
    information collected from the medical history,
    physical exam, and any test results will be used
    to determine the best treatment option. For
    hematuria that is caused by a urinary tract
    infection, for example, a common treatment is the
    use of antibiotics. These antibiotics work to
    kill the bacteria causing the urinary tract
    infection, which should stop the bleeding. 

7
Risk Factors of Hematuria
  • People who are most likely to have blood in their
    urine are those with existing diseases that are
    known to cause hematuria, such as the ones listed
    in the section related to causes of hematuria.
    However, certain actions may increase a persons
    chances of having blood in their urine. These
    include 
  • Smoking
  • Overuse of pain medications
  • Exposure to certain chemicals
  • Exposure to radiation
  • Running or jogging for long distances
  • Avoiding these actions may decrease the chances
    of having blood in your urine.

8
Preventions of Hematuria
  • To prevent hematuria related to strenuous
    exercise, switch to a less-intense exercise
    program. In general, you can help to prevent
    other forms of hematuria by following a lifestyle
    that fosters a healthy urinary tract
  • Stay well hydrated. Drink about eight glasses of
    fluid daily (more during hot weather).
  • Avoid smoking cigarettes, which are linked to
    urinary tract cancers.

9
Complications of Hematuria
  • The complications of hematuria vary based on the
    underlying pathological conditions. Formation of
    kidney stones and kidney failure are some of the
    general complications.

10
Contact the Doctor
  • Blood in the urine should never be ignored. It is
    very important to contact your doctor or health
    care provider if you see blood in your urine or
    if you have other symptoms related to hematuria. 

11
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