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Best Cancer Hospitals of India for Advanced Liver Cancer Treatment

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Liver Cancer or Hepatic Tumour is a cancer of Liver. There are several different types of tumours that can develop in the liver as liver is made up of various cell types. These growths can be benign or malignant. Cancerous tumours can start in liver and spread to other areas of your body, through your bloodstream or your lymphatic system. This spread of cancer is called metastasis. Tumours may also spread from other parts of your body, such as from your bowel, breast or lungs, to your liver. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Best Cancer Hospitals of India for Advanced Liver Cancer Treatment


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Liver Cancer Treatment In India
Liver Cancer or Hepatic Tumour is a cancer of
Liver. There are several different types of
tumours that can develop in the liver as liver is
made up of various cell types. These growths can
be benign or malignant. Cancerous tumours can
start in liver and spread to other areas of your
body, through your bloodstream or your lymphatic
system. This spread of cancer is called
metastasis. Tumours may also spread from other
parts of your body, such as from your bowel,
breast or lungs, to your liver.
Symptoms of Liver Cancer Losing weight
without trying Loss of appetite Upper
abdominal pain Nausea and vomiting General
weakness and fatigue An enlarged liver
Abdominal swelling Yellow discoloration of your
skin and the whites of your eyes (jaundice)
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Types of Liver Cancer
Primary Liver Cancer Hepatoma  This is the
most common type. It is sometimes called
hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This type of
cancer originates from a liver cell (hepatocyte)
which becomes cancerous Fibrolamellar  This
hepatoma is a rare sub-type of hepatoma. It
typically develops in a liver that was previously
healthy. Cholangiocarcinoma  This is uncommon.
It develops from cells which line the bile
duct. Hepatoblastoma  This is a very rare
cancer that occurs in some young
children.Secondary Liver Cancer Secondary liver
cancer is a cancer that first develops elsewhere
in the body and then spreads (metastasizes) to
the liver. It is sometimes called metastatic
cancer. When a cancer forms in a part of the
body, a few cancer cells may break off and find
their way into the bloodstream. Because your
liver filters your blood, any cancer cells in the
bloodstream have a high chance of settling in the
liver to form a cancer nodule (metastasis).
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  • Stages Of Liver Cancer

Stage 0 - The tumour is less than 2cm (20mm) in
diameter and the person is very well and has
normal liver function. Stage A - A single
tumour has grown but is less than 5cm (50mm) in
diameter, or there are three or fewer smaller
tumours that are less than 3cm (30mm) in diameter
and the person is very well with normal liver
function. Stage B - There are multiple tumours
in the liver, but the person is well and their
liver function is unaffected. Stage C - Any of
the above circumstances, but the person is not so
well and their liver function is not so good or
where the cancer has started to spread into the
main blood vessel of the liver, into nearby lymph
nodes or into other parts of the body. Stage
D  Where the liver has lost most of its
functioning abilities and the person begins to
have symptoms of end-stage liver disease, such as
a build-up of fluid inside their abdomen.
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Diagnosis of Liver Cancer
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  • Physical exam -- The doctor feels the abdomen
    to check the liver, spleen, and nearby organs for
    any lumps or changes in their shape or size..
  • Blood tests -- Many blood tests may be used to
    check for liver problems. One blood test detects
    alpha-fetoprotein (AFP). High AFP levels could be
    a sign of liver cancer.
  • CT scan -From the CT scan, the doctor may see
    tumors in the liver or elsewhere in the abdomen.
  • Ultrasound test -- The ultrasound device uses
    sound waves that cannot be heard by humans. The
    sound waves produce a pattern of echoes as they
    bounce off internal organs. The echoes create a
    picture (sonogram) of the liver and other organs
    in the abdomen. Tumors may produce echoes that
    are different from the echoes made by healthy
    tissues.
  • MRI -- A powerful magnet linked to a computer
    is used to make detailed pictures of areas inside
    the body. These pictures are viewed on a monitor
    and can also be printed..
  • Biopsy -- In some cases, the doctor may remove
    a sample of tissue. A pathologist uses a
    microscope to look for cancer cells in the
    tissue. The doctor may obtain tissue in several
    ways. One way is by inserting a thin needle into
    the liver to remove a small amount of tissue.
    This is called fine-needle aspiration. The doctor
    may use CT or ultrasound to guide the needle.

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Liver Cancer Treatment At Top Cancer Hospitals
In India
Surgery  Surgery is the removal of the tumor
and surrounding tissue during an operation. It is
likely to be the most successful disease-directed
treatment, particularly for patients with small
tumors (smaller than 5 cm).. Hepatectomy  When a
portion of the liver is removed, the surgery is
called a Hepatectomy. A Hepatectomy can be done
only if the cancer is in one part of the liver,
and the liver is working well.Liver
Transplantation Liver transplant may be the best
option for some people with small liver cancers.
At this time, liver transplants are reserved for
those with small tumors (either 1 tumor smaller
than 5 cm across or 2 to 3 tumors no larger than
3 cm) that have not invaded nearby blood vessels.
Chemoembolization This is a type of
chemotherapy treatment in which drugs are
injected into the hepatic artery and then the
flow of blood through the artery is blocked for a
short time so the chemotherapy stays in the tumor
longer. Radiation Therapy  Radiation therapy is
the use of high-energy x-rays or other particles
to kill cancer cells. A doctor who specializes in
giving radiation therapy to treat cancer is
called a radiation oncologist.
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  • Non Surgical Treatments For Liver
    Cancer In India
  • Chemoembolization  Before Insertion of the
    tiny particles that block the blood flow an
    anticancer drug is injected into the artery. The
    drug stays in the liver for longer without blood
    flow, and thus the impact is more.
  • Radiofrequency Ablation  For inoperable liver
    tumors, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) offers a
    nonsurgical, localized treatment that kills the
    tumor cells with heat, while sparing the healthy
    liver tissue.
  • Cryosurgery  It is a treatment that uses an
    instrument to freeze and destroy abnormal tissue,
    such as cancerous cells. This type of treatment
    is also called Cryotherapy
  • Percutaneous Ethanol Injection  Percutaneous
    ethanol injection is a cancer treatment in which
    a small needle is used to inject ethanol
    (alcohol) directly into a tumor to kill cancer
    cells. The procedure may be done once or twice a
    week
  • Hyperthermia Therapy  Hyperthermia therapy is
    a type of treatment in which body tissue is
    exposed to high temperatures to damage and kill
    cancer cells or to make cancer cells more
    sensitive to the effects of radiation and certain
    anticancer drugs.
  • Biologic Therapy  Biologic therapy is a
    treatment that uses the patients immune system
    to fight cancer. Substances made by the body or
    made in a laboratory are used to boost, direct,
    or restore the bodys natural defenses against
    cancer. This type of cancer treatment is also
    called biotherapy or immunotherapy.

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