Brachial Plexus Neuropathy Syndrome : Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis and Treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Brachial Plexus Neuropathy Syndrome : Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis and Treatment

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Brachial plexus neuropathy syndrome, also termed as brachial plexopathy, is a nerve disorder in the brachial plexus, a bundle of nerves from the spinal cord that separates in to individual shoulder and arm nerves. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Brachial Plexus Neuropathy Syndrome : Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis and Treatment


1
Brachial Plexus Neuropathy Syndrome
  • Symptoms causes treatment

2
INTRODUCTION Brachial Plexus Neuropathy Syndrome
  • Brachial plexus neuropathy syndrome, also termed
    as brachial plexopathy, is a nerve disorder in
    the brachial plexus, a bundle of nerves from the
    spinal cord that separates in to individual
    shoulder and arm nerves.
  • The brachial plexus nerves generally originate
    from the spine region, the syndrome is quite
    often misdiagnosed as a slipped/compressed disc
    or cervical spine disorder. 
  • Theres a condition which is mainly characterized
    by acute onset of severe pain in the shoulder or
    arm, followed by regional muscle weakness. It is
    commonly seen in people of young age groups,
    affecting males and females evenly and often
    characterized by repeated, bilateral attacks. 

3
SYMPTOMS Brachial Plexus Neuropathy Syndrome
  • The intensity of shoulder or arm pain experienced
    by the patient may vary, and is initially
    mistaken for a strain or injury until the patient
    starts suffering from muscle weakness. However,
    besides nerve pain, there are many other
    symptoms, which are as follows 
  • Numbness of the shoulder, arm or hand
  • Regional muscle weakness
  • Intense shoulder pain
  • Tingling, burning, or abnormal sensations in the
    affected area
  • Inability to extend or raise the wrist or hand

4
CAUSES Brachial Plexus Neuropathy Syndrome
  • Though the actual causes are unknown, there are a
    few probable factors that may contribute to its
    occurrence, which are given below. 
  • Trauma to the area
  • Stretching injuries
  • Parasitic infestation
  • Congenital abnormalities
  • Excessive exposure to toxins and radiations
  • Viral infection, especially of the upper
    respiratory tract
  • Bacterial infection like pneumonia, diphtheria,
    typhoid, etc.
  • Certain vaccinations, including influenza,
    tetanus, diphtheria, tetanus toxoids, pertussis
    DPT, smallpox, etc.

5
DAIGNOSIS Brachial Plexus Neuropathy Syndrome
  • Since brachial plexus neuropathy is usually
    mistaken for some other nerve abnormalities,
    several diagnostic tests may have to be conducted
    to identify the condition. The doctor will
    conduct a neurological exam of the patient in
    order to diagnose the complex or intricate nerve
    fibres in the affected area. Further, he may
    perform an MRI of the area to reveal physical
    changes in the nerves, and a nerve conduction
    test to determine the nerves that are not
    conducting signals properly and where exactly the
    breakdown in communication is occurring. Nerve
    biopsies can also be conducted to look out for
    any structural damage to the nerve.

6
TREATMENT Brachial Plexus Neuropathy Syndrome
  • Physical therapy are the most recommended
    treatment.
  • Painkillers like acetaminophen, aspirin,
    and ibuprofen can be used.
  • To reduce stabbing and intense pain, medications
    like phenytoin, carbamazepine, and gabapentin can
    be given to the patient.
  • In severe cases, wherein the syndrome is
    long-lasting and symptoms get worse, a surgery
    may be performed to treat the condition.
  • If condition get worsens, consult a neurologist.
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