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Breast Cancer: How to deal with it

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Title: Breast Cancer: How to deal with it


1
BREAST CANCER
  • HOW TO DEAL WITH IT

2
INTRODUCTION TO BREAST CANCER
  • Breast cancer is a kind of cancer that develops
    from breast cells. Breast cancer usually starts
    off in the inner lining of milk ducts or the
    lobules that supply them with milk. A malignant
    tumor can spread to the different parts of the
    body.
  • Breast cancer is the most common invasive cancer
    in female worldwide.
  • A breast cancer that started off in the lobules
    is known as lobular carcinoma.
  • Cancer that begins in the lectiferous duct (milk
    duct), known as ductal carcinoma, the most common
    type.

3
Symptoms of Breast Cancer
  • Women who detect any of the following signs or
    symptoms should tell their doctors
  • A Lump in the breast
  • Change in the skin color and texture
  • Pain in the breast that does not look to be
    related to the womens menstrual period
  • Redness of the skin of the breast
  • A rash around or on, one of the nipple

4
Continue- Symptoms of Breast Cancer
  • Swelling in one of the armpits
  • An area of thickness tissue in a breast
  • One of the nipple has discharge, some times it
    may contain blood
  • Shape and size of the breast changed
  • The skin of breast and nipples may have started
    to peel, scale or peel.

5
How to recognize Breast Cancer
  • Image Source - www.google.com

6
Causes of Breast Cancer
  • It is tough to say why a person develops the
    disease while another doesnt. We know that some
    risk factors can affects on a woman's likelihood
    of developing breast cancer. These are
  • The older a woman gets, the higher is her risk of
    developing breast cancer
  • Women who have a close relative who has/had
    breast or ovarian cancer are more likely to
    develop breast cancer
  • Women who have had breast cancer, even
    non-invasive cancer
  • Women who have had some types of benign
    (non-cancerous) breast lumps are more likely to
    develop cancer later on.

7
Continue- Cause of Breast Cancer
  • Women with more dense breast tissue have a
    greater chance of developing breast cancer.
  • Women who started having periods earlier or
    entered menopause later than usual have a higher
    risk of developing breast cancer.
  • Overweight/Obese women may have a higher risk of
    developing breast cancer
  • Taller than average have a slightly greater
    chances of developing breast cancer than shorter
    than average women.
  • Women who have cosmetic breast implants

8
Diagnosing of Breast Cancer
  • Women are usually treated with breast cancer
    after a regular breast cancer screening or after
    detecting certain sign and symptoms.
  • There are some example of diagnostic test and
    procedures of breast cancer.
  • Breast Exam
  • X-Ray (Mammogram)
  • 2D Combined and 3D mammograms
  • Breast ultrasound
  • Biopsy

9
Continue- Diagnosing of Breast Cancer
  • Breast MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scan
  • Radiology
  • Breast Cancer staging
  • Recent developments on Breast Cancer Diagnosis
  • Mammography is the best for breast cancer
    screening
  • Breast cancer relapse could be predicted with new
    blood test
  • PET scan

10
Treatments of Breast Cancer
  • Best treatments for Breast Cancer
  • Radiation Therapy (radiotherapy)- Radiotherapy
    is used after surgery, as well as chemotherapy to
    kill off any cancer cells that may still be
    around.
  • Chemotherapy - The oncologist may recommend
    chemotherapy if there is a high risk of cancer
    recurrence, or the cancer spreading elsewhere in
    the body.
  • Hormone therapy- Hormone therapy is used for
    breast cancers that are sensitive to hormones.
    Hormone therapy usually lasts up to five years
    after surgery.

11
Continue- Treatment of Breast Cancer
  • Biological Treatment (Targeted Drugs) - This
    biological treatments targets and destroys cancer
    cells that are HER2-positive. Some breast cancer
    cells produce large amounts of HER2 (growth
    factor receptor 2) Herceptin targets this
    protein.
  • Lymph node removal and analysis - Cancer cells
    can be found in the axillary lymph nodes in some
    cancers. It is important to find out whether any
    of the lymph nodes near the breast contain
    cancer.

12
Prevent Breast Cancer
  • Limit Alcohol consumption
  • Do some physical exercise regularly
  • Mediterranean diet
  • Bodyweight
  • Estrogen blocking drugs
  • Avoid Post-Menopausal Hormones
  • Tamoxifen and Raloxifene for Women at High Risk
  • Avoid Birth Control Pills, Particularly After Age
    35 or If You Smoke
  • Breastfeed (If Possible)
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