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Internationalization of Higher Education in Karnataka, INDIA


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Title: Internationalization of Higher Education in Karnataka, INDIA

Internationalization of Higher Education in
Karnataka Avenues for Strategic Academic
  • N.Ramesh Kumar ,
  • Advisor, OCFS,
  • Karnataka State Higher Education Council (KSHEC),
  • Bengaluru,
  • October 5, 2016

  • OCFS was established during last September 2015
    with an agenda to internationalization of Higher
    Education in Karnataka. The attached power point
    presentation will provide a general view of the
    current activity. All the Universities in
    Karnataka need to work towards internationalizatio
    n as there are many benefits to the state. The
    opportunities include enhanced capacity, greater
    access, joint curricula, greater diversity of
    courses, exposure to a variety of teaching and
    learning methods, growing comparability of
    qualifications, student mobility, exposure to
    established systems of education administration
    and management, less brain drain of gifted
    students, fusion of cultures, exchange of
    research ideas and enhanced research capacity,
    multinational and cross-disciplinary teams and
    the generation of new academic environments. The
    challenges and risks concern quality of
    provision, high fees leading to elitist provision
    and inequality of access leading to a two-tier
    system which is inconsistent with the equity and
    access drivers of the states education policy.

OCFS contd.
  • One of the suggestion of OCFS is for Creating
    education hubs or Centres of Excellences (CoEs)
    strategically in Bengaluru and allowing reputable
    overseas institutions/universities to establish a
    presence in India, through joint initiatives
    (with any local university) in curriculum design
    and delivery, branch campuses, train the trainer
    initiatives and joint research and scholarly
    activities could help build capacity, reduce the
    imbalance in student mobility and attract
    significant export earnings. The number of
    overseas students, which is roughly 1 of the
    total number of students in higher education in
    Karnataka, is miniscule when compared to 21.4
    enrolled in Australia and 19.5 in the United
    Kingdom (2015 data). China, a relatively new
    entrant in attracting international students, has
    approximately 330,000 international students with
    a target of 500,000 by 2020. Singapore with
    90,000 international students and Malaysia with a
    target of 200,000 by 2020 have also become strong
    international education destinations. Our
    objective for Universities is to see how we can
    build capacity, increase access, encourage
    research capability, enhance quality and
    encourage diversity.
  • All universities in the state must define its
    higher education objectives to be both globally
    and locally relevant in order to benefit from
    increased global student mobility and growing
    internationalization and globalisation. Karnataka
    has all the potential and a clear higher
    education franchise promotion would bring in
    benefits in higher education.

Karnataka USP
  • Karnataka is a blessed state as its strength lies
    in its qualified and skilled manpower supported
    well will 52 Universities in the State.
  • Going forward, Karnataka will become a hub of
    supply of qualified and skilled manpower both
    within India and globally.
  • To this end, we are providing our institutions
    with the best teaching methods coupled with an
    extensive use of ICT.

Karnataka Main statistics
  • Total population 64 million
  • Percentage of people less that 35 years 60
  • Approx number of school going children9 million
    (upto 10th standard).
  • Our of the above, approx number of students
    studying upto 12th standard 3.0 million
  • Approx number of students undertaking
    college/university education 2.1 million.
  • Karnataka Gross Enrolment Ratio (Higher
    Education) approx 26.2 (all India 23.3).

Karnataka and the youth
  • Today in Karnataka we are ensuring that our
    University graduates (including foreign students)
    have all the necessary competencies, transversal
    skills to comfortably adapt to any international
    markets and the global environment.
  • Providing quality Higher Education is the main
    agenda and cornerstone of the State of Karnataka
    for our youths to become global citizens.

Economic Impact of Overseas Mobility source
  • USA earns approx. 27 billion
    through International Students, academic research
    collaboration - tuitions, living,
    transportation, etc).
  • UK 8.5 billion Pounds
  • Ireland 900 million Euros
  • Germany 900 million Euros
  • Australia 19.1 billion Aus. Dollars
  • New Zealand 2.3 billion NZ dollars
  • Canada 5.5 billion Canadian Dollars
  • INDIA (estimated 0.2 US billion)
  • Students from India contribute approximately
    (outward mobility) US 8 billion annually.

Higher Education Profile
  • Karnataka has 52 universities, out of which 25
    State Universities, 1 Central University, 14
    Deemed Universities, and 12 Private Universities
    (approved by Government of Karnataka).
  • The state boasts of national-level institutions
    in almost every discipline such as health,
    management, science and technology, law, social
    science, education, linguistics as well as an
    IIM, IISc, IIIT, TIFR, National Law School,
    NIMHANS, ISEC, RIE Mysore, Regional Institute of
    English and many more.
  • There are over 2292 degree colleges affiliated to
    any of the state universities. There are 207
    engineering colleges, 61 medical colleges, 48
    dental colleges, 280 management institutions as
    well as 305 Polytechnics and also Pharmacy, Yoga,
    Fashion Designs, Homeopathy colleges and over 60
    international schools.

USE of ICT in Higher Education
  • Globalization and technological change processes
    that have accelerated in tandem over the past
    fifteen years.
  • Today, active level of work is being directed by
    the Department of Higher Education to enhancing
    of ICT use in State Universities so as to provide
    the full spectrum of support in such areas as
    automation of administrative aspects,
    streamlining of both admissions and examinations
    process, e-content, e-learning, HRMS, etc.
  • All these to ensure necessary governance,
    transparency and a streamlined approach for
    providing Higher Education in Karnataka.

Internationalization of Higher Education in
Karnataka National Workshop
  • We had recently (3 months ago) organised a
    workshop on internationalization of higher
    education in Karnataka as part of our Overseas
    Centre for Foreign Students (OCFS) under the
    Karnataka State Higher Education Council (KSHEC).
  • The theme of the workshop was to examine capacity
    building for Global Learning through shared
    commitment of the higher education sector to
    encourage peer to peer research, student mobility
    and encourage innovation. Known resource
    persons/Experts were invited from Pune,
    Chandigarh, New Delhi and Bengaluru to conduct
    the 4 working sessions on the advantages of
  • The workshop also explored opportunities for our
    universities in study, joint research/avenues,
    network services, mobility issues, networking and
    exploring strategic academic alliances with
    overseas universities.
  • It addressed such issues as the institutional
    developments to maximize learning, improved
    course delivery methods, pedagogy application
    oriented curriculum designs, sharing of best
    practices across the globe. The audiences,
    including Consul Generals of various countries
    based in Bengaluru (265 nos) have been
    sensitized to this new concept of
    Internationalization and its latent benefits.

Top Ranked Benefits of Internationalization (Sourc
e IAU 4th Global Survey 2014)
Foreign Students in Karnataka June 2016 (source
  • Today we have 13,900 foreign students studying in
    Karnataka. This is split up as follows
  • Universities and affiliated Colleges 9,000
  • Private Institutions 5,000
  • Total Number of foreign students in India is
  • Share of Karnataka36. (max share in India)
  • Since the start of OCFS, the absolute number of
    foreign students increase in the state is 1900.
  • Majority of the foreign students (70) are
    admitted into private and deemed universities and
    private institutions in such courses as
    Engineering, Medicine and Management studies.

Forex earning in Karnataka from foreign
students/research work (inward remittance)
  • Total FOREX Earning by India data 2015 (12
    months period)
  • From all the foreign students (including tuition
    fee, visa charges, living expenses, etc) USS
    200 million.
  • Percentage of Foreign students studying in
  • Forex earning by Karnataka US 72 million p.a.
  • Conversion eqvt Rs. 4824 million or Rs.482
  • Karnataka students studying abroad
  • Outward remittance US 1 billion or Rs. 6800
    crores. p.a.
  • NB Karnataka is in the 7th position after (1)
    Andhra, (2)Telangana,
  • (3 4) Gujarat and Rajasthan, (5) All North
    India (including New Delhi) and (6)Tamil Nadu and
    (8) all other remaining states.
  • India annually spends forex of US 8 billion for
    education abroad of our students.

Agenda to receive foreign students and foreign
visiting faculty.
  • 1)   Student Mobility We would like to invite
    students from various foreign countries to study
    in our various Universities. Foreign students and
    Indians (with foreign passports) can come for
    formal degree courses or short term certificate
    courses. Foreign Governments can constitute
    Scholarships for deserving students on similar
    lines as ICCR (MEA New Delhi).
  • Reference OCFS brochure and website
  • 2) Visa and arrival  We are working towards
    streamlining the Visa and arrival process for
    foreign students. Each of our University has a
    designated Nodal Officer and an International
    Centre in their campus. The Nodal Officer is
    responsible to ensure that foreign students are
    settled well in their respective campuses and all
    paper work and documentation is in place
    including international student card, fee
    payment, FRRO registration, insurance and
    hostel/housing facilities.
  • 3) Vocational Education We are keen to provide
    Vocational Education in collaboration with
    businesses and industry. We want to assist both
    Indian and foreign students through this and
    eventually make them ready for the job market.
    This aids mobility of students both ways as well.

Some of the possible areas of cooperation and
inward investment New collaborations/Courses.
  • Art and Design - arts and healthcare,
    contemporary crafts, ceramics and textiles, Asian
  • Health Bio photonics, advanced genetics, cell
    molecular biology, ageing, musculoskeletal
    rehabilitation, microbiology,
  • Education New policies and practice, Education
    of Children and Young People,
  • Creative writing poetry, literary criticism
    English language.
  • Sociology and Social Policy New issues on Gender
    Sexuality, Critical Disability Studies, Urban
  • Aviation, Transport the Environment.
  • Advanced joint research in Sensing Imaging.
  • Electrochemistry, graphene and carbon nanotubes
  • Mechanical Engineering, Biomedical Engineering

Centre of Excellence (CoE) Concept
  • For an MOU with a Foreign University/Government
  • The objective of a typical CoE will be to act as
    a channel for all Universities in Karnataka. They
    will have multiple products delivered through it.
    CoE will focus on improving the standards of
    higher education in Karnataka by sharing of best
    practices, faculty movement, joint research
    opportunities. Joint meetings, receiving of
    faculty and delegation from Overseas, exploring
    new areas of strategic academic collaboration,
    finding new partners, investments for joint
    research undertaking, etc.
  • As a first stage, Our Universities would join
    hands with an Overseas University to select
    specific topics/areas of interest and develop
    necessary course curriculum (suitable to our
  • We are also looking at areas as advancement in
    Logistics and Supply Chain Management (new
    developments), Sports Science, SME development
  • Once a curriculum is developed, these courses
    could be accessible to all Universities in

How can we cooperate by way of strategic academic
  • The conventional one focuses more on student
    mobility and to some extent faculty mobility as a
    strategy. We wish to undertake business models
    for strategic academic alliances.
  • We would like to go selectively and approach by
    identifying a few high quality select
    institutions abroad and invite them to come to
    India, to share teaching and research experience
    with Indian students and faculty.
  • Also, such institutions will be provided a
    conductive atmosphere to examine and set up joint
    venture academic alliances, joint degree
  • Our Universities will be provided additional
    required support in this regard, to facilitate,
    inter alia, student and faculty exchanges with
    the Overseas Joint partner University.

Summing Up
  • OCFS/KSHEC will take active part next year in the
    Bharatiya Pravasi Divas in Bengaluru scheduled to
    take place during January 2017. We invite all our
    dignitaries present here as well as the Indian
    diaspora to visit Bengaluru for this program.
  • We have written letters to receive Academic
    delegation from Overseas Minister of Higher
    Education and work out specific action plans for
    bilateral cooperation in higher education in
  • We have recently written to our Ambassadors in
    South East Asian (ASEAN) countries, Oceania, MHRD
    MEA to promote OCFS Karnataka. The response
    have been very positive.
  • Our Higher Education and OCFS brochures have been
    circulated to about 60 Embassys in New Delhi and
    about 100 organisations across India to sensitize
    them on the latent potential of Higher Education
    in Karnataka.
  • Thank you all.

Giving a presentation
  • Mr. Nanjundaiya Ramesh Kumar holds two Masters
    degrees in Industrial Economics from Brussels
    University, Brussels, Belgium and in Business
    Administration from Boston University, Boston,
    US. He is well versed in French language as he
    had lived in Brussels, Belgium for 7 years. He
    has spent almost 3 decades overseas. A career
    International Banker with over 30 years of solid
    work experience which he has gained in well-known
    International Banks in such countries as Greece,
    Belgium, Egypt, Dubai, Muscat, Riyadh and India.
    A widely traveled person across various
    continents and with a deep interest in academics
    and students mobility, education tourism and
    consulting. His forte is franchise promotion and
    exploring bilateral trade avenues. He is
    currently working as the Advisor Overseas
    Centre for Foreign Students (OCFS) at the
    Karnataka State Higher Education Council KSHEC
    (Department of Higher Education), Bengaluru. The
    Mission of OCFS is for Internationalisation of
    Higher Education in Karnataka and to promote
    Karnataka globally as an attractive Centre for
    Higher Education. His passion is to motivate
    students and to see that they become global
    citizens. To this end, he teaches a couple of
    courses to M.Com MBA students at the well-known
    Educational Institutions in Bengaluru by sharing
    career experiences, imparting knowledge and
    empowering students.