Diabetes Mellitus - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Diabetes Mellitus PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 82a966-Y2UyM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Diabetes Mellitus

Description:

Doss india is provide Diabetes Mellitus services in pune. this PPT provide information of what is Diabetes? its types and effects. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:180
Slides: 15
Provided by: sakshi111arora
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Diabetes Mellitus


1
Diabetes Mellitus
Dr. Satish Pattanshetti M.S(Gen. Surg), F M A
S Dr. Neeraj V Rayate Director and Principal
Surgeon

http//www.dossindia.com/
2
What is diabetes?
  • Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a group of diseases
    characterized by high levels of blood glucose
    resulting from defects in insulin production,
    insulin action, or both.
  • The term diabetes mellitus describes a metabolic
    disorder of multiple aetiology characterized by
    chronic hyperglycaemia with disturbances of
    carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism
    resulting from defects in insulin secretion,
    insulin action, or both.
  • The effects of diabetes mellitus include
    longterm damage, dysfunction and failure of
    various organs.

http//www.dossindia.com/
3
Diabetes
  • Diabetes mellitus may present with characteristic
    symptoms such as thirst, polyuria, blurring of
    vision, and weight loss.
  • In its most severe forms, ketoacidosis or a
    nonketotic hyperosmolar state may develop and
    lead to stupor, coma and, in absence of effective
    treatment, death.
  • Often symptoms are not severe, or may be absent,
    and consequently hyperglycaemia sufficient to
    cause pathological and functional changes may be
    present for a long time before the diagnosis is
    made.

http//www.dossindia.com/
4
Diabetes Long-term Effects
  • The longterm effects of diabetes mellitus
    include progressive development of the specific
    complications of retinopathy with potential
    blindness, nephropathy that may lead to renal
    failure, and/or neuropathy with risk of foot
    ulcers, amputation, Charcot joints, and features
    of autonomic dysfunction, including sexual
    dysfunction.
  • People with diabetes are at increased risk of
    cardiovascular, peripheral vascular and
    cerebrovascular disease.

http//www.dossindia.com/
5
Burden of Diabetes
  • The development of diabetes is projected to reach
    pandemic proportions over the next10-20 years.
  • International Diabetes Federation (IDF) data
    indicate that by the year 2025, the number of
    people affected will reach 333 million 90 of
    these people will have Type 2 diabetes.
  • In most Western societies, the overall prevalence
    has reached 4-6, and is as high as 10-12 among
    60-70-year-old people.

http//www.dossindia.com/
6
Types of Diabetes
  • Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
  • Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
  • Gestational Diabetes
  • Other types
  • LADA (
  • MODY (maturity-onset diabetes of youth)
  • Secondary Diabetes Mellitus

http//www.dossindia.com/
7
Type 1 diabetes
  • Was previously called insulin-dependent diabetes
    mellitus (IDDM) or juvenile-onset diabetes.
  • Type 1 diabetes develops when the bodys immune
    system destroys pancreatic beta cells, the only
    cells in the body that make the hormone insulin
    that regulates blood glucose.
  • This form of diabetes usually strikes children
    and young adults, although disease onset can
    occur at any age.
  • Risk factors for type 1 diabetes may include
    autoimmune, genetic, and environmental factors.

http//www.dossindia.com/
8
Type 2 diabetes
  • Was previously called non-insulin-dependent
    diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult-onset
    diabetes.
  • Type 2 diabetes may account for about 90 to 95
    of all diagnosed cases of diabetes.
  • It usually begins as insulin resistance, a
    disorder in which the cells do not use insulin
    properly. As the need for insulin rises, the
    pancreas gradually loses its ability to produce
    insulin.
  • Type 2 diabetes is increasingly being diagnosed
    in children and adolescents.

http//www.dossindia.com/
9

http//www.dossindia.com/
10
http//www.dossindia.com/
11

Management of Diabetes Mellitus
http//www.dossindia.com/
12
Management of DM
  • The major components of the treatment of diabetes
    are

http//www.dossindia.com/
13
Contact Details
  • Phone  For Appointment  91 9011 100 010
  • E-mail  info_at_dossindia.com

http//www.dossindia.com/
14
  • Thank You

http//www.dossindia.com/
About PowerShow.com