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Types of Dental Implant

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Title: Types of Dental Implant


1
TYPES OF DENTAL IMPLANT
2
BY DESIGN
3
ENDOSTEAL
  • Endosteal Implants are Placed in the Jawbone
  • Shape like small Screws, Cylinders or Plates
  • Most commonly used type of Implant

Horse shoe shaped stainless steel device.
Inserted into the mandible from one retromolar
pad to the other
Designed to mimic the shape of the tooth, for
directional load distribution
It consist of thin plates in the form of blade
embedded into the bone
4
SUBPERIOSTEAL
Placed directly beneath the periosteum overlying
the bony cortex
5
TRANSOSTEAL
Combines the subperiosteal and endosteal
components, penetrates both cortical plates
6
INTRAMUCOSAL
  • Used with removable dentures
  • Mushroom shaped design that attach to the gum
  • Fit on the upper side of the mouth

7
BY ATTACHMENT MECHANISM
8
OSSEOINTEGRATION
Formation of a direct interface between an
implant and bone, without intervening soft tissue
9
FIBRO INTEGRATION
  • Fibrointegrated implants are the earlier forms of
    dental implants that are not commonly used today,
    as they are not as successful.
  • Presence of a layer of fibrous connective tissue
    intervening between a dental implant the
    adjacent bone.
  • Proposed by Dr.Charles Wiess.

10
BY MATERIAL TYPE
11
METALLIC
  • Popular Metallic Implants made up of-
  • Titanium
  • Stainless Steel
  • Cobalt Chromium

12
CERAMIC
  • Can be used to cover metallic dentures
  • Can either be plasma sprayed or coated to produce
    bio active surface.

13
POLYMER
  • Polymethylmethacrylate Polytetrafluoroethylene
    are most common types
  • These type of dentures are used as adjuncts
    stress distribution along with implants rather
    than used as implants by themselves

14
Dental Clinic BundooraDentserve, 1254 Plenty
Rd,Bundoora, VIC, 3083.Telephone (03) 9467 7760
Dental Clinic FawknerDentserve, 119 Jukes
Road,Fawkner Vic 3060.Telephone (03) 9359 5697
https//www.facebook.com/Dentserve
http//www.dentserve.com.au
https//twitter.com/dentistbundoora
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