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Know more about your teeth from the best dentists in Chennai - SR Dental Hospital

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Get to know more about your teeth and why you have to keep it healthy from the best dentists in Chennai - SR Dental Hospital Also for more information on how you can keep your teeth healthy, visit srdentalhospital.com – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Know more about your teeth from the best dentists in Chennai - SR Dental Hospital


1
KNOW YOUR TEETH SR DENTAL HOSPITAL
2
What is oral health?
3
Its keeping your teeth, gums and mouth healthy!

4
Why do you suppose this is important?
5
Well, lets take a look at how we use and need
our teeth.
6
Appearance
  • Teeth are very important to your appearance.

They not only make a nice smile, but they also
shape your face.
7
Chewing
  • Teeth are important to chew food properly.
  • The chewing of food with your teeth is the first
    step in the digestion of food.
  • If food cannot be chewed properly, it can cause
    problems with digestion.

8
Talking (speech)
  • Teeth are important for speaking

Teeth work with the lips, cheeks and tongue,
allowing us to pronounce words.
9
At your age, you should have both baby teeth as
well as a few permanent teeth. This is called a
mixed dentition.
Although you will eventually replace all of your
baby teeth with permanent teeth, it is important
that you continue to take care of these baby
teeth.

10
Why? Well, Each Baby Tooth Holds a Place for a
Permanent Tooth.
  • Your baby teeth are important place-holders for
    your permanent teeth.
  • As your permanent teeth come in, they will take
    up the space left by the loss of your baby teeth.

11
We lose our 20 baby teeth and grow adult teeth
because we need bigger, stronger teeth to last
the rest of our lives. People get 32
permanent teeth, which can last a lifetime with
proper care
12
Did you know that early loss of your baby teeth
could cause problems?
  • Often baby teeth are lost early as a result of
    tooth decay or accidents.This early loss creates
    a space.
  • This space needs to be saved in order for the
    permanent tooth to come in straight.The dentist
    can save the space by putting in a space
    maintainer (spacer).
  • When the permanent tooth is ready to come in,
    the space maintainer is removed.

13
Late loss of baby teeth can also cause problems...
  • Sometimes permanent teeth
  • come in before baby teeth
  • come out.This can cause teeth to
  • become crowded and overlap each other.
  • Crowded and overlapping teeth can cause gum
    disease and tooth decay because these crowded
    areas of the mouth are hard to clean.If these
    baby teeth do not
  • become loose on their own, the
  • dentist may have to remove them.

The permanent teeth are white,the baby teeth are
gray.
14
Now that you understand how important your teeth
are, lets learn about the different parts of a
tooth
15
What a tooth looks like.
  • The CROWN
  • The part of the tooth above the gums.

16
What a tooth looks like.
  • The ROOT
  • The part of the tooth below the gumline.
  • Just as the roots of a tree hold the tree in
    the ground, the roots of your teeth hold your
    teeth in your mouth.

17
The tooth is made of 3 layers
  • ENAMEL
  • Covers the crown.
  • Is the protective covering.
  • Is the hardest thing in our body, even harder
    than bone!

18
The tooth is made of 3 layers
  • PULP
  • Fills the space inside the tooth.
  • Contains blood vessels and nerves that keep the
    tooth alive!

19
Now that we know what a tooth looks like, lets
talk about what makes a cavity in your tooth!
  • Cavities are caused by PLAQUE!
  • What is PLAQUE?
  • An invisible film of germs that
  • constantly grows on your teeth.
  • It feels fuzzy. Rub your tongue on your teeth,
    do they feel fuzzy?
  • You brush your teeth to remove PLAQUE!

20
Each day a thin film of plaque grows on our teeth
  • This plaque contains germs (bacteria).
  • Sugar from foods and drinks are turned into acid
    by these germs.
  • This acid attacks our teeth and softens the hard
    surface until a hole or cavity is formed.

Mestman, Herman, What To Do For Healthy Teeth
21
How can you avoid getting cavities?
X
  • Avoid sugary, sticky foods or snacks, and choose
    nutritious foods like fruits, vegetables and
    cheese
  • Avoid drinking soda or other sugary drinks, and
    drink more milk water
  • Avoid snacking all day long, and limit the amount
    of snacks you have throughout the day

X
X
22
Repairing Cavities
Does a cavity heal itself?
No - only your dentist can fix a cavity, by
removing the decay and putting a special filling
material in the hole.
23
Now that you understand what a cavity is lets
take a look at howplaque affects your gums too!
  • When plaque is left on your teeth for a while,
    harmful germs (bacteria) begin to increase and
    irritate your gum tissues. This causes bleeding
    and your gums may become sore.
  • This is called gum disease.

24
To prevent cavities, gum disease and bad breath
you need to brush and floss your teeth regularly
25
When should youbrush your teeth?
  • After eating
  • At bedtime

Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services
Oral Health Program
26
How long should you brush?
  • For about two minutes and at least twice each
    day.

27
How do you floss your teeth?
  • Use 18 of floss
  • Leave an inch or two to work with
  • Slide the floss in between each tooth, and move
    it up down against the tooth.

Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services
Oral Health Program
28
How often should you floss?
  • Once each day to remove plaque from in between
    your teeth where your toothbrush cant reach.

29
To keep your teeth functioning properly, you must
see your dentist regularly.
30
When you visit the dentist
31
  • 1 A visual exam.A dentist will look at your
    teeth, gums and the way your teeth come together
    when you bite.The dentist is looking for tooth
    decay, gum disease, mouth sores whether or not
    you might need braces.

32
2X-rays will be taken of all your teeth.
These x-rays will show not only tooth decay, but
the roots of the teeth and the bone around
them. They will also show any teeth that have
not come in yet, and any extra teeth as well.
33
  • 3
  • A Professional Cleaning
  • A dental hygienist will remove any plaque or hard
    deposits called calculus from your teeth using
    special instruments.
  • Your teeth will then be polished with a special
    kind of toothpaste. This will make your teeth
    feel smooth and clean.

34
  • 4
  • Fluoride Treatment
  • A flavored gel or foam will
  • be placed in a soft tray and
  • You will be asked to bite into
  • That tray for a few minutes.

or The fluoride may be painted on your teeth
with a small brush. This is called fluoride
varnish.
35
  • To prevent cavities from forming on the
    chewing surfaces of your permanent molars, the
    dentist might recommend dental sealants.
  • Sealants are a thin coating of a plastic-like
    substance that are painted on the teeth.
  • When it hardens, this plastic coating prevents
    food and germs from getting down into the grooves
    on the chewing surfaces of your molars and
    prevents tooth decay!

36
  • So now that you know how to prevent tooth decay
    and gum disease.its up to you to keep your
    teeth and gums healthy!

37
  • Thank you for listening!
  • For more Info Visit
  • SR Dental Hospital
  • http//srdentalhospital.com/
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