Portable Oxygen Concentrator and It's Benefits - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

View by Category
About This Presentation

Portable Oxygen Concentrator and It's Benefits


Know how portable oxygen concentrator is benificial for your health. Moreover also know history of portable oxygen concentrator. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:454


Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Portable Oxygen Concentrator and It's Benefits

Portable Oxygen Concentrator
What is a Portable Oxygen Concentrator?
  • A portable oxygen concentrator, (POC) is a
    portable device used to provide oxygen therapy to
    a patient at substantially higher concentrations
    than the levels of ambient air. It is very
    similar to a home oxygen concentrator, but it
    smaller in size and more mobile.

  • The portable oxygen concentrator enables patients
    to be more independent. The POC range that
    Intermedical cover are small lightweight run
    on battery power can be powered in a car and are
    FAA (Airline) approved.

The History of Oxygen Concentrator
  • Portable oxygen concentrators have been around
    for decades but the older versions were bulky,
    not reliable, and were not permitted on
  • Since 2000, a number of manufactures have
    improved their reliability and they now produce
    anywhere between 1 and 6 liters per minute (LPM)
    of oxygen.

  • There are versions that provide pulse or
    continuous flow. The portable concentrators plug
    directly into a regular house outlet for charging
    at home or hotel but they came with a power
    adapter that can usually be plugged into a
    vehicle DC adapter.
  • They have the ability to operate from the battery
    power as well for either ambulatory use, or away
    from a power source, or on an airplane.

Developement of Oxygen Concentrator - Timeline
(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
How does it work?

  • The technology behind a Portable Oxygen
    Concentrator is based on the same principle as a
    home domestic concentrator.
  • Air at barometric pressure contains 21 Oxygen
    combined with Nitrogen and a mixture of other
    gases. A miniaturised compressor inside the
    machine will pressurise this air through a system
    of chemical filters known as a molecular sieve.

  • This chemical filter is made up of silicate
    granules called Zeolite. The Zeolite will sieve
    the nitrogen out of the "air" concentrating the
  • Part of the produced Oxygen is delivered to the
    patient part is fed back into the sieves to
    clear the system from the accumulated nitrogen,
    making it ready for the next cycle. Through this
    process, this system is capable of producing
    medical grade oxygen of up to 96 consistently.f
    up to 96 consistently.

  • The latest models can be powered from mains
    electricity supply, 12v DC (Car/Boat etc..)
    battery packs making the patient free from
    relying on using cylinders other current
    solutions that put a restriction on time, weight
  • Most of the portable oxygen concentrator systems
    available today provide oxygen on a pulse
    (on-demand) delivery in order to maximise the
    purity of the oxygen.

The Difference Between On-Demand Continuous Flow
  • Most portable oxygen concentrators are built from
    the size of a binocular case and weigh less than
    a couple of bags of sugar. The reason for this is
    because of the on-demand system. It allows the
    concentrator to be built with smaller components
    than that of a domestic concentrator.
  • Because the patient only inhales oxygen when they
    breathe in, when exhaling oxygen is wasted.
    Therefore what manufacturers decided to do is
    build a machine that works on your breathing...
    only providing oxygen when necessary, keeping
    wasted oxygen to a minimum.

  • Most on-demand portable oxygen concentrators work
    on settings which are very much equivalent to a
    specific LPM (Litre per minute). To determine
    this, the machine works on a bolus system. The
    bolus size is measured in millilitres and is the
    "shot" of oxygen released upon inhalation.
  • The size of the bolus on each setting is worked
    out based on the amount of oxygen inhaled if the
    patient was on continuous flow oxygen. Since
    oxygen isn't required when we exhale, oxygen is
    normally wasted hence the reason behind the this
    type of technology.

  • Technology has progressed in a way so that
    boluses can be made variable based on the
    patients breathing rate. This is particularly
    useful for using an on-demand machine whilst
    sleeping. Naturally the breathing rate slows
    whilst sleeping. A machine with a variable bolus
    detects a slower breathing rate adjusting the
    bolus size so that its a longer shot of oxygen
    upon inhalation, but still maintaining the
    patients prescription of x amount of litres per

  • It is not usually recommended that an on-demand
    device be used during sleep, however clinical
    studies have found that some on-demand portable
    oxygen concentrators are just as affective as a
    continuous flow oxygen concentrator. On-demand
    devices are not suitable for sleep for patients
    with the sleeping disorder sleep apnoea.

Benefits Using Of Portable Oxygen Concentrator
  • Increases Survival
  • Enhances Exercise Tolerance
  • Enhances Mental Alertness
  • A Better Night's Sleep
  • Enhances Mood
  • Expands Stamina
  • Travel Where You Want

Published By www.healthgenie.in
  • Thank You

HealthGenie India Pvt. Ltd.
About PowerShow.com