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Bipolar Disorders – Symptoms, Types And Medication

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Bipolar disorders, generally categorized by mood swing. Bipolar disorders, depression, stress can be managed with the oral mental health medication. On time proper treatment can lead to cure bipolar disorders. Know here symptoms, types & treatments of bipolar disorders. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Bipolar Disorders – Symptoms, Types And Medication


1
Bipolar Disorders Symptoms, Types And
Medications
  • By MyHealthPharma

2
What is Bipolar Disorder?
  • Bipolar disorder, also known as Maniac
    depression, is a psychological disorder.
  • This mental disorder is a chronic, disruptive
    condition that is classically characterized by
    mood swings.
  • In many cases, bipolar disorder can be managed
    with oral medications and psychotherapy
    (psychological counseling).

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3
Bipolar Disorder Symptoms
  • Usually, the symptoms of this disorder are
    classified into maniac and depression symptoms.

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4
Maniac
  • Excessive excitement
  • Excessive happiness
  • Increased energy
  • Excessive irritability
  • Restlessness
  • Lack of sleep
  • Racing thoughts
  • High sexual drive

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5
Depression
  • Change in appetite
  • Change in weight
  • Sleepiness or sleeplessness
  • Uncontrollable crying
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Extreme sadness
  • Anxiety
  • Irritability
  • Loss of energy

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6
Bipolar Disorder Types
  1. Bipolar I At least one maniac episode in
    his/her life
  2. Bipolar II High and low mood swings
  3. Rapid cycling Four or more episodes in a single
    year
  4. Mixed bipolar Both maniac and depressive
    symptoms occur simultaneously and rapidly
  5. Cyclothymia Mild type of bipolar disorder

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7
Treatment of Bipolar Disorder
  • Mood stabilizers Lithium (Lithobid), Depakote,
    Depakene, Carbamazepine, and Lamotrigine are few
    mood stabilizing medications.

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8
  • Antidepressants Antidepressants are prescribed
    to manage depressive symptoms.

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9
  • Antipsychotics Generic Zyprexa (Olanzapine) and
    Risperidone (Risperdal) are common antipsychotic
    drugs prescribed when maniac and depressive
    symptoms persist.

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10
  • Anti-anxiety medication This type of medicine
    is used to treat anxiety and induce sleep.

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11
  • The doctor gives a combination of drugs to
    improve the condition of patient.
  • The treatment may extend from weeks to months to
    see improvement.
  • At the same time, Psychological counseling or
    psychotherapy is necessary in bipolar disorder.

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12
Psychotherapy includes
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
  • CBT is to identify unhealthy behavior patterns of
    patient and replacing them with positive ones.
  • Face-to-face counseling helps.
  • Through CBT, patient can learn some effective and
    positive strategies to cope with bipolar disorder
    and manage stress.

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13
Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy (IPSRT)
  • This therapy stabilizes rhythms, moods and sleep.
  • Psycho-education
  • This helps in learning and understanding bipolar
    disorder. It also helps in recognizing warning
    signs and symptoms.

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14
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
  • In this therapy, electrical current waves are
    passed across the brain.
  • ECT affects the levels of certain
    neurotransmitters (brain chemicals), thereby
    providing relief from severe depression.
  • ECT is actually prescribed for those who fail to
    overcome bipolar disorder even after using mental
    health medications.

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15
Trans-cranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)
  • This therapy is for those patients who fail to
    respond to antidepressants.
  • A coil is placed on the head, which sends
    magnetic pulses to provoke neurons in the brain.
  • This helps in mood regulation.

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16
Thank You
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