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Title: Australia Population 2016


1
Demographics of Australia
PRESENTATION BY, http//australiapopulation2016.co
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2
INTRODUCTION
  • For generations, the vast majority of immigrants
    came from the British Isles, and the people of
    Australia are still mainly of British or Irish
    ethnic origin.
  • In the 2011 Australian census, the most commonly
    nominated ancestry was English (36.1), followed
    by Australian (35.4),Irish (10.4), Scottish
    (8.9), Italian (4.6), German (4.5), Chinese
    (4.3), Indian (2.0), Greek (1.9), and Dutch
    (1.7).
  • Australia is the 52nd most populous country in
    the world. Its population is concentrated mainly
    in urban areas and is expected to exceed 28
    million by 2030.
  • Australia's population has grown from an
    estimated population of about 350,000 at the time
    of British settlement in 1788 due to numerous
    waves of immigration during the period since.
    Also due to immigration, the European component
    of the population is declining as a percentage.
  • Australia has fewer than three persons per
    square kilometre of total land area. With 89.01
    of its population living in urban areas,
    Australia is one of the world's most urbanised
    countries.
  • The life expectancy of Australia in 19992001
    was 79.7 years, among the highest in the world.
  • In common with many other developed countries,
    Australia is experiencing a demographic shift
    towards an older population, with more retirees
    and fewer people of working age. In 2004, the
    average age of the civilian population was 38.8
    years. A large number of Australians (759,849 for
    the period 2002031 million or 5 of the total
    population in 2005) live outside their home
    country.

3
Indigenous population
  • The Indigenous populationAborigines and Torres
    Strait Islanderswas counted at 548,370 (2.5 of
    the total population) in 2011, a significant
    increase from 115,953 in the 1976 census. The
    increase is partly due to many people with
    Indigenous heritage previously having been
    overlooked by the census due to undercount and
    cases where their Indigenous status had not been
    recorded on the form.
  • Indigenous Australians experience higher than
    average rates of imprisonment and unemployment,
    lower levels of education, and life expectancies
    for males and females that are, respectively, 11
    and 17 years lower than those of non-indigenous
    Australians. Some remote Indigenous communities
    have been described as having "failed state"-like
    conditions.

Indigenous Australians as a percentage of the
population as of the 2011 census
4
Demographics of Australia Demographics of Australia Demographics of Australia
Indicator Rank Measure
Population Population Population
Population 52nd 23,971,800
Economy Economy Economy
GDP (PPP) per capita 19th 43,929
GDP 12th 1.56 trillion
Unemployment rate ? 57th 5.80
CO2 emissions 11th 18.3 t
Electricity consumption 17th 213.5 TWh
Economic freedom 3rd 82.5
Politics Politics Politics
Human Development Index 2nd 0.937
Political freedom 1st (equal) 1
Corruption (A higher score means less (perceived) corruption.) 11th 80
Press freedom 18th 5.38
Society Society Society
Literacy Rate 21st 99
Broadband uptake 17th 13.8
Beer consumption 20th 4.49 L
Health Health Health
Life Expectancy 5th 81.2
Birth rate 148th 13.8
Fertility rate 137th 1.969
Infant mortality 202nd 4.57
Death rate 122nd 7.56
Suicide Rate 50th ? 14.9? 4.4
HIV/AIDS rate 108th 0.10
Notes Notes Notes
? indicates rank is in reverse order   (e.g. 1st is lowest) per capita per 1000 people per woman per 1000 live births per 100,000 people per year? indicates males, ? indicates females ? indicates rank is in reverse order   (e.g. 1st is lowest) per capita per 1000 people per woman per 1000 live births per 100,000 people per year? indicates males, ? indicates females ? indicates rank is in reverse order   (e.g. 1st is lowest) per capita per 1000 people per woman per 1000 live births per 100,000 people per year? indicates males, ? indicates females
5
Population
The following figures are ABS estimates for the
resident population of Australia, based on the
2001 and 2006 Censuses and other
data. 23,971,800 (as of 17 January 2016)
21,262,641 (July 2009 CIA World Factbook)
21,180,600 (end December 2007) 20,848,760 (end
December 2006 preliminary) 20,544,064 (end
December 2005) 20,252,132 (end December 2004)
20,011,882 (end December 2003) 19,770,964 (end
December 2002)
Estimated resident population of Australia since
1981
6
States and territories
State/territory Land area(km2) Population(2011 census) Population density(/km2)   of populationin capital
 Australian Capital Territory 2,358 357,222 151.49 99.6
 New South Wales 800,642 6,917,658 8.64 63
 Victoria 227,416 5,354,042 23.54 71
 Queensland 1,730,648 4,332,739 2.50 46
 South Australia 983,482 1,596,572 1.62 73.5
 Western Australia 2,529,875 2,239,170 0.89 73.4
 Tasmania 68,401 495,354 7.24 41
 Northern Territory 1,349,129 211,945 0.16 54
7
  • Age structure
  • 014 years 18
  • 15-24 years 13.3
  • 25-54 years 41.8
  • 5564 years 11.8
  • 65 years and over 15.1 (2014 estimate)
  • median age
  • Total 37.3 years
  • Male 36.6 years
  • Female 38.1 years (2009 est.)
  • Sex ratio
  • At birth 1.06 male(s)/female
  • Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female

Australia's age and gender structure in 2005,
illustrated in a population pyramid
8
Australian population by age and sex (demographic
pyramid) as of 1 July 2013
Map of the median age of Australians by
Statistical Local Area in the 2011 census
9
Population growth rate
As of the end of September 2012, the population
growth rate was 1.7.This rate was based on
estimates of one birth every 1 minute and
44 seconds, one death every 3 minutes and
32 seconds, a net gain of one international
migrant every 2 minutes and 19 seconds leading
to an overall total population increase of one
person every 1 minute and 23 seconds. In 2009,
the estimated rates were Birth rate 12.47
births/1,000 population (Rank 164) Mortality rate
6.68 deaths/1,000 population (Rank 146) Net
migration rate 6.23 migrant(s)/1,000
population. (Rank 15)
10
Urbanisation Urbanisation population 89 of
total population (2008) Rate of urbanisation
1.2 annual rate of change (20052010) Life
expectancy at birth Total 80.62 years World
70 Male 79.99 years Female 84.15 years Total
fertility rate 1.969 children born/woman
(2008) HIV/AIDS Adult prevalence rate 0.2
(2007 est.) People living with HIV/AIDS 18,000
(2007 est.) Deaths fewer than 200 (2003 est.)
11
Country of birth
According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics,
on 30 June 2014 there were 6.6 million residents
who were born outside Australia, representing 28
of the total population.The Australian resident
population consists of people who were born in
these countries
Countries of birth of Australian estimated
resident population, 2006.Source Australian
Bureau of Statistics.
12
Ancestry of Australian population
At the 2011 Census residents were asked to
describe their ancestry, in which up to two could
be nominated. Proportionate to the Australian
resident population, the most commonly nominated
ancestries were
English (36.1) Australian (35.4) Irish (10.4) Scottish (8.9) Italian (4.6) German (4.5) Chinese (4.3) Indian (2.0) Greek (1.9) Dutch (1.7) New Zealander (Pakeha/Maori) Filipino Vietnamese Lebanese New Zealander (Pakeha) Polish Maltese Maori Australian Aboriginal Croatian Welsh
At the 2011 census, 53.7 of people had both
parents born in Australia and 34.3 of people had
both parents born overseas.
13
Religion
  • Australia is a religiously diverse country and it
    has no official religion.
  • Christianity is the predominant faith of
    Australia, though this is diminishing. In the
    2011 census, 61.1 of the population classified
    themselves as being affiliated with a Christian
    faith, down from 67.3 ten years earlier at the
    2001 census.
  • The largest religious denomination was Roman
    Catholicism, with 25.3 of the population.
  • The next largest Christian denomination was
    Anglican at 17.1, and all other Christian
    denominations accounted for a further 18.7 of
    the population.
  • The second-largest group, and the one which had
    grown the fastest, was the 22.3 who claimed to
    have no religion. Over the ten years since the
    2001 census, this group grew from 15.3 to 22.3
    of the population an increase of 7, which was
    the largest change of any religious
    classification in that period.
  • Minority religions practised in Australia include
    Buddhism (2.5 of the population), Islam (2.2),
    Hinduism (1.3) and Judaism (0.5). The Census
    question about religion is optional, and 8.6 of
    people did not respond in the 2011 census.

14
Languages
Language Speakers
Only English 15,581,333
Italian 316,895
Greek 252,226
Cantonese 244,553
Arabic 243,662
Mandarin 220,600
Vietnamese 194,863
Spanish 98,001
Filipino 92,331
German 75,634
Hindi 70,011
Macedonian 67,835
Croatian 63,612
Australian Aboriginal Languages 55,705
Korean 54,623
Turkish 53,857
Polish 53,389
Serbian 52,534
French 43,216
Indonesian 42,036
Maltese 36,514
Russian 36,502
Dutch 36,183
Japanese 35,111
Tamil 32,700
Sinhalese 29,055
Samoan 28,525
Portuguese 25,779
Khmer 24,715
Assyrian (Aramaic) 23,526
Punjabi 23,164
Persian 22,841
Hungarian 21,565
Bengali 20,223
Urdu 19,288
Afrikaans 16,806
Bosnian 15,743
15
Literacy Definition aged 15 years and over can
read and write Total population 99 Male 99
Female 99 (2003 est.) Education
expenditure 4.9 of GDP (2013) country
comparison to the world 55
16
REFERENCE https//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australi
a https//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_Au
stralia http//australiapopulation2016.com/
17
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