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Health Test #1

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Title: Health Test #1


1
Test 1
  • Bullying and Chapters 1 3

2
Bullying
  • John S. Battle High School

3
Advocacy Class Activity
  • Imagine you are walking down the school hallway.
    You turn the corner and see one student being
    bullied by another.

4
Prejudice and Stereotypes
  • Prejudice an unfair opinion or judgment of a
    particular group of people
  • Example A teen might decide he dislikes all
    cheerleaders because a cheerleader once turned
    him down for a date.
  • Stereotype an exaggerated or oversimplified
    belief about people who belong to a certain
    group.
  • Example Assuming all boys like sports is a
    gender stereotype.
  • What are some other examples?

5
Tolerance
  • Tolerance - the ability to accept others
    differences.
  • People who are tolerant value diversity and can
    appreciate the differences in other peoples
    cultures, interests, and beliefs.
  • Who do you know that practices tolerance?

6
Disrespectful Behaviors
  • Has a fellow student or friend every picked on
    you for no reason? Perhaps this person called
    you names, or even threatened you with physical
    violence.
  • BULLYING deliberately harming or threatening
    other people who cannot easily defend themselves.
  • What do bullies do?
  • Tease, spread rumors keep someone out of the
    group, and they can even attack physically by
    pushing, hitting, etc.

7
Why do people bully?
  • They think they feel more superior
  • They may do it as a way to fit in
  • 1 out 4 students get bullied in the United
    States on a regular basis.
  • Bullies are actually more inclined to drop out
    and have problems with alcohol and violence.
  • Kids who are bullied are more inclined to harm
    themselves because the bullying damages their
    self-esteem.

8
Reflection
  • What are 4 ways to show respect in your
    relationships?
  • Thought of the day
  • Pulling someone down will never help you reach
    the top.

9
Achieving Mental and Emotional Health
  • Chapter 3 Lesson 1 pp.66-71

10
Developing Your Self-Esteem
  • Good mental and emotional health is directly
    related to healthy self-esteem.
  • Mental/Emotional Health the ability to accept
    yourself and others, express and manage emotions,
    and deal with the demands and challenges you meet
    in your life.
  • Class Question
  • What are some aspects of everyday life that
    affect an individuals mental and emotional
    health?

11
Characteristics of Good Mental and Emotional
Health
  • Read Importance of Mental and Emotional Health
    and Characteristics of Good Mental and Emotional
    Health. pg. 67
  • Sense of Belonging
  • Sense of Purpose
  • Positive Outlook
  • Self-Sufficiency
  • Healthy Self-Esteem
  • Everyone has to manage difficult and stressful
    situations. Mentally and emotionally healthy
    people handle stresses in positive ways.
  • Resilient the ability to adapt effectively and
    recover from disappointment, difficulty, or
    crisis.

12
Reflection
  • Close friends encourage one another. How might
    this kind of encouragement affect a persons
    mental health?

13
Self-Esteem Competence
  • Self-Esteem how much you value, respect, and
    feel confident about yourself
  • necessary for good mental/emotional health
  • Competence having enough skills to do something
  • trying new challenges
  • Read How You Develop Self-Esteem pg. 68

14
Class Discussion
  • Improving Your Self-Esteem
  • What are some ways you can help improve your
    self-esteem?
  • How can improving your self-esteem have a
    positive effect on your relationships with
    others?

15
Developing Self-Awareness
  • Understanding your needs and meeting them in
    healthy ways will help you reach your highest
    potential.

16
Maslows Hierarchy of Needs
5 Levels
Hierarchy of Needs a ranked list of those needs
essential to human growth and development,
presented in ascending order, starting with basic
needs and building up.
17
Maslows Hierarchy
  • Once our basic needs are met, we then continue to
    move in an upward movement striving to reach
    self-actualization.
  • Self-Actualization to strive to be the best you
    can be
  • What needs are you focused on right now?
  • How are you meeting those needs?

18
Closure/Reflection
  • Why do you think taking time to attend to the
    needs of others is beneficial to self-esteem?
  • Write answer down in your notebook!

19
Developing Personal Identity and Character
  • Chapter 3 Lesson 2 pp.72-77

20
BIG IDEA
  • A healthy identity can be achieved by being a
    person of good character.
  • Class Discussion Questions
  • 1. What are some positive characteristics that
    make you unique?
  • 2. Do you think your personal identity will stay
    the same throughout your life, or do you think it
    will change?

21
Your Personal Identity
  • Describes who you are!
  • Personal Identity your sense of yourself as a
    unique individual
  • can depend on age and circumstances
  • How identity forms?
  • Recognizing your likes and dislikes
  • Relationships
  • Experiences with family

22
How Identity Forms
  • Role Model someone whose success or behavior
    serves as an example for you
  • Aspects of Identity
  • Personality a complex set of characteristics
    that make you unique
  • SETS YOU APART FROM OTHER PEOPLE
  • DETERMINES HOW YOU WILL REACT IN CERTAIN
    SITUATIONS
  • Character distinctive qualities that describe
    how a person thinks, feels, and behaves
  • Outward expression of inward values
  • A person of good character demonstrates core
    ethical values such as responsibility, honesty,
    and respect.

23
Class Activity
  • Brainstorm a list of sports stars, actors, and
    musicians who you look up to?

24
Critical Thinking
  • If these individuals know that many teens look up
    to them, should they feel obligated to behave as
    positive role models?

25
Traits of Good Character
  • Integrity firm observance of core ethical
    values
  • Read in class p. 74 (6 character traits)
  • Trustworthiness
  • Respect
  • Responsibility
  • Fairness
  • Caring
  • Citizenship

26
Working Toward a Positive Identity
  • Recognize Your Strengths and Weaknesses
  • Demonstrate Positive Values
  • Develop a Purpose in Your Life
  • Helps you set goals
  • SHORT TERM
  • Example studying for and passing an exam
  • LONG TERM
  • Example planning for college

27
Working Toward a Positive Identity
  • Form Meaningful Relationships
  • Crucial to the development of your identity
  • Constructive Criticism nonhostile comments that
    point out problems and encourage improvement
  • Avoid Unhealthful High-Risk Behaviors
  • Contribute to the Community

28
In Class Assignment
  • Part 1 - Brainstorm one short-term goal and one
    long-term goal and record the goals in writing in
    your notebook.
  • Part 2 List the steps that will help you
    achieve each goal.

29
Expressing Emotions in Healthful ways
  • Chapter 3 Lesson 3 pp. 78-83

30
Managing your anger
  • When Tina took out her favorite sweater to wear,
    she saw a big stain on the sleeve. Furious, she
    marched into her sister Judys room. I never
    said you could borrow my sweater! Look what you
    did to it! Its ruined!
  • It was clean when I put it back in your closet!
    Judy shot back.
  • I dont believe you, Tina said. Now I dont
    have anything to wear tonight. Dont ever touch
    my things again!
  • But when I put it back it was clean, said Judy.
  • Tina stormed back to her room and slammed the
    door.

31
Expressing feelings
  • Learning how to manage anger and other strong
    emotions can reduce the risk of violence.
  • Statistics
  • In 2006, over 720,000 people ages 10 to 24 were
    treated in emergency rooms because of a violent
    act.
  • 29 of teens reported feeling sad or hopeless
    that they stopped doing some usual activities.

32
UNDERSTANDING YOUR EMOTIONS
  • Emotions signals that tell your mind and body
    how to react.
  • How you respond to your emotions can affect your
    mental/emotional, physical, and social health.
  • Hormones chemicals produced by your glands that
    regulate the activities of different body cells.
  • Puberty can cause a fluctuation of hormones in
    your body which can make you feel like your
    emotions are swinging from one extreme to
    another.
  • Read Mood Swings pg. 78

33
MAIN IDEA
  • Recognizing and acknowledging your emotions is a
    sign of good mental and emotional health.
  • Common Emotions Rd. pg.79
  • Happiness
  • Sadness
  • Love
  • Fear
  • Guilt
  • Anger

34
Form of Anger
  • Hostility the intentional use of unfriendly or
    offensive behavior.
  • can hurt others
  • Class Exercise
  • Express emotions we just looked at on p. 79
    without using words
  • Use actions
  • Use facial expressions
  • Use movement or body posture

35
Dealing With emotions in a positive way
  • Empathy ability to imagine and understand how
    someone else feels
  • Helping a friend who is going through a difficult
    time
  • Read reflection questions on p. 80

36
Responding to Difficult Emotions
  • Feeling bad, or emotional, when things happen in
    your life is normal.
  • Techniques to reduce the intensity of your
    emotions
  • Taking several deep breaths
  • Relaxing your muscles
  • Getting away from the situation until you calm
    down
  • Analyzing your emotions by writing them down in a
    journal
  • Talking to someone you trust

37
Defense Mechanisms
  • Defense Mechanisms mental processes that
    protect individuals from strong or stressful
    emotions and situations
  • Handling Fear
  • Dealing with Guilt
  • Managing Anger
  • Do something to relax.
  • Channel your energy in a different direction.
  • Talk with someone you trust.

38
Understanding Health and Wellness
  • Chapter 1 Lesson 1

39
Take Charge of Your Health
  • Health the combination of physical,
    mental/emotional, and social well-being.
  • Every day you make decisions that shape your
    health.
  • It is important to balance your physical,
    mental/emotional, and social health.
  • What are some ways you can help gain a better
    balance of your health?

40
1st Component - Physical Health
  • Physical Health all about how well your body
    functions.
  • Means having enough energy to perform your daily
    activities, deal with every day stresses, and
    avoid injury.
  • Five important actions to get and keep a healthy
    body
  • 1. Get 8-10 hours of sleep each night.
  • 2. Eat nutritious meals and drink 8-10 glasses
    of water each day.
  • 3. Engage in 30-60 minutes of physical activity
    daily.
  • 4. Avoid the use of tobacco, alcohol, and other
    drugs.
  • 5. Bathe daily, and floss and brush your teeth
    every day.

41
2nd Component - Mental/Emotional Health
  • Mental/Emotional Health about your feelings and
    thoughts.
  • People who are mentally and emotionally healthy
  • Enjoy challenges that help them grow.
  • Accept responsibility for their actions.
  • Have a sense of control over their lives.
  • Can express their emotions in appropriate ways.
  • Usually can deal with lifes stresses and
    frustrations.

42
3rd Component - Spiritual and Social Health
  • Spiritual Health a deep seated sense of meaning
    and purpose in life.
  • Social Health getting along with others
  • Family, Friends, Teachers, Members of the
    Community
  • Seek and lend support when needed.
  • Communicate clearly and listen to others.
  • Show respect and care for yourself and others.

43
Keeping a Balance
  • Wellness an overall state of well-being or
    total health.
  • Comes from making decisions and practicing
    behaviors that are based on sound health
    knowledge.
  • Read p. 9 Keeping a Balance

44
Class Discussion
  • What are some activities you can participate in
    or some habits you can do to help gain a proper
    balance with your HEALTH?

45
Did You Know?
  • 50 of American Adults live with a chronic
    disease!
  • Chronic Disease an ongoing condition or illness
    such as heart disease, obesity, and cancer.
  • Leading Risk Factors
  • Smoking
  • Lack of Exercise
  • Poor Nutrition
  • Being Overwieght

46
Class Reflection Activity
  • Take a few minutes to make a list in your
    notebook of actions you can take personally to
    improve your own health and potentially lower
    your risk of living with a chronic disease.
  • Review
  • What are the 3 components that make up the Health
    Triangle?

47
What Affects Your Health
  • Chapter 1 Lesson 2

48
BIG IDEA
  • Watch Video
  • Class Discussion
  • What are some ways that a persons surroundings
    can influence his or her health?
  • What are some factors you have control over that
    influence your health?

49
Influences on Your Health
  • FIVE Influences
  • Heredity
  • Environment
  • Attitude
  • Behavior
  • Media and Technology

50
Heredity
  • Heredity refers to all the traits that were
    biologically passed on to you from your parents.
  • Read section on Heredity p. 11-12 as a class
  • Class Discussion
  • What are some traits you have inherited from your
    parents?

51
Environment
  • Environment the sum of your surroundings
  • Physical places you live
  • People
  • Culture
  • Environmental factors that can affect your
    health
  • Neighborhood and school safety
  • Air and water quality
  • Availability of parks and recreational facilities
  • Access to medical care

52
Environment Cont.
  • What are ways you can help improve your physical
    environment?
  • Identify positive and negative influences in your
    environment.

53
Social Environment
  • Social Environment made up of all the people
    around you, including your family and peers.
  • Peers people of the same age who share similar
    interests.
  • Also include your friends
  • Read p. 13 paragraph on peers as a class
  • Culture the collective beliefs, customs, and
    behaviors of a group.
  • Language
  • Food
  • Spiritual Beliefs
  • Traditions

54
Attitude/Behavior
  • Your attitude, or the way you view situations,
    can have a big effect on your health.
  • Look at challenging situations positively.
  • Behavior you have total control over it.
  • You can choose to avoid high-risk behaviors in
    favor of healthful behaviors.

55
Media and Technology
  • Media various methods for communicating
    information
  • Read P. 14 as a class Media and Technology
  • Technology what media is delivered by
  • Radio
  • Television
  • Internet
  • Newspapers
  • Magazines

56
Critical Thinking
  • Why is it important to know whether media
    messages are trustworthy?

57
Understanding Your Influences
  • You can take control of your health by
    understanding the factors that influence it.
  • Review
  • What are the 5 factors we just learned that
    influence your health?
  • If time allows
  • Role Play with a classmate a scenario in which a
    teen tries to persuade a friend to adopt a
    positive health behavior.

58
Health Risks and Your Behavior
  • Chapter 1 Lesson 3

59
BIG IDEA
  • Turn in Journal Entry
  • Watch Video
  • Class Discussion
  • What are some behaviors that put your health at
    risk?

60
Identifying Health Risks
  • Engaging in risk behaviors can harm your health.
  • Risk Behaviors actions that can potentially
    threaten your health or the health of others.
  • You can control most risk behaviors.
  • You can make wise, safe, and healthy decisions
    YOU CHOOSE!
  • The Center for Disease and Prevention (CDC) has
    identified 6 risk behaviors that account for most
    of the deaths and disability among young people
    under age 24 (next slide).

61
6 Risk Behaviors
  1. Tobacco use
  2. Unhealthy dietary behaviors
  3. Inadequate physical activity
  4. Alcohol and other drug use
  5. Sexual behaviors that may result in HIV
    infection, other sexually transmitted diseases,
    and unintended pregnancies
  6. Behaviors that contribute to unintentional
    injuries and violence

62
Risks and Consequences
  • Cumulative Risks related risks that increase in
    effect with each added risk
  • Read p. 18 Risks and Consequences
  • Why is it important to understand risk behaviors?

63
How to Avoid or Reduce Risks
  • You can take action to reduce your exposure to
    health risks.
  • Wear a seat belt
  • Check depth of water before diving
  • Wear a helmet when riding a bike
  • Prevention taking steps to keep something from
    happening or getting worse.

64
Abstaining from High-Risk Behaviors
  • Abstinence a deliberate decision to avoid
    high-risk behaviors, including sexual activity
    and the use of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs
  • One of the most effective strategies for
    protecting your health!
  • What are some other things that you should
    abstain from or not do?

65
Promoting Your Health
  • Regularly participating in health-promoting
    behaviors will help you reach a high level of
    wellness.
  • Read p. 19
  • What are some health-promoting behaviors you can
    start or develop?

66
Cooperative Learning
  • Public Service Announcement a public service
    announcement (PSA) is a short, informative
    announcement that shares important information
    with the public. PSAs are often aired on
    television and radio. Many PSAs convey
    information about health behaviors.
  • In small groups write a 30-60 second radio PSA
    that promotes a behavior that reduces a health
    risk, such as wearing a seat belt or avoiding
    tobacco. Each group will share its completed PSA
    with the class.

67
Promoting Health and Wellness
  • Chapter 1 Lesson 4

68
BIG IDEA
  • Watch Video
  • Class Reflection
  • What is one way that taking this health class
    will help you make more healthful decisions?

69
The Importance of Health Education
  • Individual, family, community, and national
    health require planning and responsible behavior
    on everyones part.
  • Keeping people healthy is a good investment.
  • Today, America spends 2.3 trillion each year on
    health care, or 7,600 per person.
  • What is one way society would change if people
    took better care of their health?

70
Educating the Public
  • Health Education provides accurate health
    information and teaching health skills to help
    people make healthy decisions.
  • Healthy People (2010) a nationwide health
    promotion and disease prevention plan designed to
    serve as a guide for improving the health of the
    people in the United States.
  • Look at Figure 1.10 on p. 22

71
Goals of Healthy People
  • 2 Goals Established by Healthy People 2010
  • Increase the quality and length of a healthy life
    for all Americans.
  • Remove differences in health outcomes that result
    form factors such as gender, race, education,
    disability, and location.
  • Health Disparities differences in health
    outcomes among groups

72
Healthy Goals Healthy People 2010
  1. Promote the best possible health in order to end
    preventable death, illness, injury, and
    disability.
  2. Eliminate health disparities.
  3. Make wellness a way of life and enhance the
    quality of life for individuals and communities.
  4. Promote healthy places and environments.

73
Becoming Health Literate
  • A health-literate person knows how to find and
    use reliable health information.
  • Know where to find health information.
  • Decide if the information is correct.
  • Assess the risks and benefits of treatment.
  • Figure out how much medicine to take.
  • Understand test results.
  • What are some specific situations in which
    understanding health information is important?

74
What You Can Do?
  • Health Literacy refers to a persons capacity
    to learn about and understand the basic health
    information and services, and to use these
    resources to promote ones health and wellness.
  • Experts believe that poor literacy influences a
    persons health more than age, income, and
    education.

75
Qualities of a Health-Literate Individual
  • A critical thinker and problem solver
  • A responsible, productive citizen
  • A Self-Directed Learner
  • An Effective Communicator

  • Read p. 24
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