Ear Infection in Dogs: Causes, Treatments and Prevention - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Ear Infection in Dogs: Causes, Treatments and Prevention

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Dogs mostly suffer from Ear infection but they are often ignored and left untreated. Ear infections are most commonly caused by bacteria and yeast. Ear infections are also of different types. This Presentation gives us information about types, symptoms, causes and prevention of ear infection. Take some time off to watch this presentation. You never know when you might have to help a poor little dog suffering from ear infection. To know more how to treat ear infection click here : – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ear Infection in Dogs: Causes, Treatments and Prevention


1
EAR INFECTION IN DOGS
  • By John Reynolds

2
Introduction
  • After research on allergies that trouble dogs, I
    have now focused on Dog Ear Infections.
  • I have seen many dogs suffering from ear
    infections and they are usually left untreated
    because of ignorance. This presentation provides
    a summary of various causes, treatments, and
    preventive measures for ear infections in dogs.

3
Dog Ear Infection
  • Dog Ear Infections occur within the ear, although
    they can start on other parts of the dogs body.
    The deeper the infection lies, the more difficult
    to reach for treatment. Ear infections are most
    commonly caused by bacteria and yeast.
  • Ear mites, excessive hair, moisture, or wax can
    be factors in development of an ear infection.

4
Types of Ear Infections
  • Otitis Externa
  • Bacterial Infections
  • Pseudomonas
  • Proteus Mirabilis Infections
  • Ear Mite Infections
  • Yeast Infections
  • Allergens

5
Otitis Externa
  • Otitis Externa is characterized by inflammation
    and redness of outer ear. Otitis Media is
    aggravation and infection of the dogs middle
    ear, and Otitis Interna is infection of the dogs
    inner ear.
  • If pus or blood is not present, the infection is
    likely Otitis Externa.

6
Bacterial Infections
  • Bacterial infections are caused by Staph
    bacteria.
  • Staph bacteria are gram-positive and anaerobic.
  • Staphylococcus is group of bacteria that can
    infect all parts of your dogs body. Treatment
    should include ingredients which have
    disinfectant properties.

7
Pseudomonas
  • Pseudomonas is a group of 200 different species
    of bacteria which can cause ear infections in
    dogs.
  • They are gram-negative infections.
  • Treatment should include compounds which are
    effective on gram-negative bacteria.

8
Proteus Mirabilis Infections
  • These organisms are present in the intestines of
    dogs.
  • They can also infect the ear and cause ear
    infection symptoms and other problems.
  • They are gram-negative and anaerobic.

9
Ear Mites Infections
  • The presence of ear mites is indicated when your
    dog scratches his ears.
  • Mites are microscopic, so positive identification
    normally requires viewing under a microscope.

10
Yeast Infections in Dogs
  • Yeast infections are caused by growth of
    Malassezia, a type of fungus found everywhere.
  • If the dog is more exposed to water, he is
    likely to get a yeast infection.
  • These infections are treated with antifungal
    ointments and creams.

11
Allergens
  • Allergens which can affect a dogs ear include
    mold, dust, pollen, and food.
  • These things may also have adverse effects on the
    dogs health apart from being a cause of ear
    infections.

12
Symptoms of Dog Ear Infection
Odor in Ear
Ear Scratching
Redness
Swelling
Head Shaking
Hearing Loss
Hair Loss around Ear
Black Discharge in Ear
Rubbing Ear on Floor
13
Dogs Prone to Ear Infection
  • Dogs who are mostly prone to ear infections are
    golden retrievers, Labradors, and poodles.
  • Dogs which tend to grow hair in the inner ear
    canal are susceptible to ear infections. Puppies
    are at greatest risk.
  • During summer, Labradors like to swim and may
    develop chronic swimmers ear if precautions
    are not taken.

14
Causes of Ear Infections
  • Dogs can develop ear infections for many
    different reasons
  • Allergies
  • Hormonal Abnormalities
  • Parasites
  • Excess Moisture
  • Infections bacteria and yeast
  • Immune Condition

15
Prevention of Ear Infections
  • Check your dogs ears every week.
  • If your dog swims a lot or has a history of ear
    infections, routine cleaning is recommended.
  • Follow your vets recommendation on how to treat
    ear infections.

16
Cleaning Your Dogs Ears
  • To remove the debris, apply an ear cleaner to the
    dogs ear canal.
  • Massage the base of the ear for 20 seconds and
    allow the debris to soften.
  • Cotton swabs can be used to clean the inside of
    the ear flap but should not enter the ear canal.

17
Diagnosis
  • A vet can take swabs of the ear to smear on a
    microscope slide and examine for bacteria, yeast.
    and mites.
  • A physical exam may determine whether the ear
    infections cause is hormonal, allergic, or
    hereditary.

18
Findings about Dogs Suffering from Ear Infections
  • 50 of dogs which suffer from skin disease and
    80 of dogs which suffer from food
    hypersensitivity also suffer from ear infections.

19
Treatment for Ear Infection
  • Treatment of Ear infection will depend on what
    has caused the infection.
  • Antibiotics are taken for bacterial infection and
    anti-fungal treatments are called for in cases of
    yeast infection.

20
How to know if the Ear Infection has cleared
  • Vets used to believe that most ear infections
    clear up with treatment within 7 days. But this
    is still unclear, since the dogs ear canal
    cannot be seen directly.
  • Taking your dog for a re-examination, allowing
    the doctor to look down into the ear canal, is
    the best way to be sure an infection is
    completely gone.

21
Sources
  • http//pets.webmd.com/dogs/dog-ear-infections
  • http//www.vet-organics.com/dog-ear-infection-symp
    toms/
  • http//www.peteducation.com/article.cfm?c22095a
    id273
  • http//www.puppyeducation.net/taking-care/treat-do
    gs-ear-infections/
  • http//www.cesarsway.com/dog-care/dog-health/Ear-I
    nfections-in-Dogs-Symptoms-Causes-and-Treatments
  • https//www.aspca.org/pet-care/dog-care/ear-infect
    ions
  • http//www.slideshare.net/johnreynoldsus/dogs-and-
    their-allergiesppt
  • http//www.sheaanimalhospital.com/pet-care-resourc
    es/pet-care-articles.php?newsHow_to_Treat_a_Dog_W
    ith_an_Ear_Infectionnews_id31start0category_i
    d2parent_id2arcyearYarcmonthM

22
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