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ANCIENT EGYPTIAN PYRAMID

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The ancient Egyptians built pyramids as tombs for the pharaohs and their queens. The pharaohs were buried in pyramids of many different shapes and sizes from before the beginning of the Old Kingdom to the end of the Middle Kingdom. View more: – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Updated: 20 May 2015
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Provided by: Askaladdin
Category: Travel & Places

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Title: ANCIENT EGYPTIAN PYRAMID


1
ANCIENT EGYPTIAN PYRAMID
2
Pyramid
  • The ancient Egyptians built pyramids as tombs
    for the pharaohs and their queens. The pharaohs
    were buried in pyramids of many different shapes
    and sizes from before the beginning of the Old
    Kingdom to the end of the Middle Kingdom.

3
Pharaohs of ancient Egypt
  • There were many pharaohs that ruled in
    Ancient Egypt and all tried to leave an eternal
    legacy.  Of the many mighty pharaohs that ruled
    only a few have actually accomplished such a
    goal.  Those that have achieved the status have
    done so through luck as most the tombs have been
    destroyed or robbed.   These unfortunate
    circumstances  have left many holes into Egyptian
    history, life, and culturenow we can only image
    how a pharaoh and his people must have lived
    together in Ancient Egypt.

4
There are about eighty pyramids known today from
ancient Egypt. The three largest and
best-preserved of these were built at Giza at the
beginning of the Old Kingdom. The most well-known
of these pyramids was built for the pharaoh
Khufu. It is known as the 'Great Pyramid'.
5
Khufu was the second pharaoh of the 4th dynasty
he followed his possible father, king Sneferu, on
the throne. He is generally accepted as having
commissioned the Great Pyramid of Giza, one of
the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, but many
other aspects of his reign are rather poorly
documented.
6
why were they built?
It is generally accepted that they were tombs for
the kings who built them the fact that some of
the Egypt pyramids had granite sarcophagi inside
them being a major clue, as well as the lack of
actual burial tombs being found for the majority
of these kings (though one or two did have tombs
built as well).
7
How were they built?
From the beginning of the Dynastic Era (2950
B.C.), royal tombs were carved into rock and
covered with flat-roofed rectangular structures
known as mastabas, which were precursors to the
pyramids. Pyramids continued to be built
throughout the fifth and sixth dynasties, but the
general quality and scale of their construction
declined over this period, along with the power
and wealth of the kings themselves. In the later
Old Kingdom pyramids, beginning with that of King
Unas (2375-2345 B.C), pyramid builders began to
inscribe written accounts of events in the kings
reign on the walls of the burial chamber and the
rest of the pyramids interior. Known as pyramid
texts, these are the earliest significant
religious compositions known from ancient Egypt.
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