Look Back on History of the Great Earth Movers - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Look Back on History of the Great Earth Movers

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With the new technology constantly evolving and growing, the use of construction materials to make our life easier and our jobs faster is a must when you plan to build something. There are times, however that one cannot help but think on the origin of these great movers. Let us review our history lessons and look back to where it all started… – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Look Back on History of the Great Earth Movers


1
Axis Capital Group Reviews Singapore Jakarta Hong
Kong
Look Back on History of the Great Earth Movers
2
With the new technology constantly evolving and
growing, the use of construction materials to
make our life easier and our jobs faster is a
must when you plan to build something.
3
There are times, however that one cannot help but
think on the origin of these great movers.
Let us review our history lessons and look back
to where it all started
4
The Shovel
Believe it or not, the original earth mover is
the shovel.
In Neolithic times and earlier a large animal's
scapula (shoulder blade) was often used as a
crude shovel.  
5
Manual shoveling (often in combination with
picking) was the chief means of excavation in
construction until mechanization via steam
shovels and later hydraulic equipment (excavators
such as backhoes and loaders) gradually replaced
most manual shoveling.
6
The same is also true of the history of mining
and quarrying and of bulk materials handling in
industries such as steelmaking and stevedoring.
  Railroad cars and cargo holds containing ore,
coal, gravel, sand, or grains were often loaded
and unloaded this way.
7
Construction companies hired workers to do
shoveling and until the 1950s, shoveling is one
of the major sources of employment.
Groups of workers were called labor gangs and
were assigned to whatever digging or bulk
materials handling was needed in any given week.
8
If today rapid excavating or material handling
are usually accomplished with powered excavators
and loaders operated by skilled operators, dozens
or even hundreds of workers then manually shovel
these kinds of work without complaints.
9
Otis Type Shovel 
The Otis shovel was the worlds first mechanized
steam shovel and excavator.
In 1835, seeing the difficulty of shoveling dirt
and lifting heavy materials day in and day out,
10
William Otis introduced one of the most
groundbreaking pieces of equipment to appear in
the construction and mining industry.
The invention came about when Otis, employed by
the firm Carmichael Fairbanks, was working on a
contracting position involved in building the
American railroad.
11
Working with strict time constraints, the firm
would receive bonuses if it could finish the work
before assigned deadlines. The excavation process
and poor digging tools were delaying the
projects completion.
12
This gave Otis the incentive to seek out a
solution, as the current practices used for
digging were very arduous and time-consuming.
The traditional wagon-mounted graders and
horse-drawn drag pans were not efficient enough,
thus, the invention of the Otis-type shovel.
13
This started the evolution of machineries used in
construction and mining and opened possibilities
for faster and more convenient way to deal with
things.
 In April 1931, Caterpillar introduced its
all-new "Auto Patrol" rubber-wheeled grader. Late
that same year, the Auto Patrol was renamed as
the No. 9 Auto Patrol.
14
This machine formed the basis for all motor
graders produced by the earth-moving industry.
Thanks to this equipment, construction companies
such as Axis Capital Group based on Singapore can
now expand its business within a few years to
other foreign countries to make life easier for
people who needs of it.  
15
Axis now has branched out to Jakarta, Indonesia
and has made it easier with the continuous
production of great earth movers that greatly
contributed to the development of the
construction industry all over the world.
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