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Hybrid Vehicles

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This Presentation Demostrates The Working And Efficiency Of The Hybrid Vehicle Technology Along With Example Of A Premier Vehicle 'The HONDA CIVIC'. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Hybrid Vehicles


1
HYBRID VEHICLES
  • Auto alternatives for the 21st century.

Presented By -
  1. Himanshu U. Bishwash
  2. Shreya S. Bobadi
  3. Pooja J. Chaudhari

2
PROJECT DEFINITION
  • To Explain The Working And Construction Of A
    Hybrid Vehicle.
  • To Examine The Efficiency, Improvements And
    Advantages Of Hybrid Vehicle Over A Solo Engine
    Traditional Engine.
  • To Present The Technologies Available And
    Possible Improvements.

3
PRESENTATION OVERVIEW
  • INTRODUCTION
  • LITERATURE SURVEY
  • History
  • Types of engines
  • General applications
  • Advantages
  • Disadvantages
  • METHODOLOGY/WORKING
  • Construction of hybrid engine
  • Working of hybrid engine
  • IMPLEMENTATION
  • Latest developments
  • Costing
  • CONCLUSION

4
INTRODUCTION
5
  • Why HYBRID ??
  • Development
  • Started in the early 1900s.
  • First HYBRID developed
  • by PORSHE called Lohner
  • -Porsche Mixte Hybrid
  • New HYBRID vehicle was
  • Built 1n 1905 by Henry Pieper.

Lohner-Porsche Mixte Hybrid
6
  • Predecessors of current technology
  • Various New Technologies Implemented
  • One of the best is REGENERATIVE BRAKING
  • A regenerative brake is an energy
    recovery mechanism
  • Converts Kinetic energy into Electrical form
  • While braking, it absorbs 80 of kinetic energy.

7

Top national markets for hybrid electric vehicles between 2007 and 2013 Top national markets for hybrid electric vehicles between 2007 and 2013 Top national markets for hybrid electric vehicles between 2007 and 2013 Top national markets for hybrid electric vehicles between 2007 and 2013 Top national markets for hybrid electric vehicles between 2007 and 2013 Top national markets for hybrid electric vehicles between 2007 and 2013 Top national markets for hybrid electric vehicles between 2007 and 2013 Top national markets for hybrid electric vehicles between 2007 and 2013 Top national markets for hybrid electric vehicles between 2007 and 2013
Country Number of registered hybrids by year Number of registered hybrids by year Number of registered hybrids by year Number of registered hybrids by year Number of registered hybrids by year Number of registered hybrids by year Number of registered hybrids by year Number of registered hybrids by year
Country 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009113 2008114 2007115
 Japan 679,100(1)116 678,000(1)117 316,300(1)117 392,200(1)117 334,000118 94,259 69,015
 United States 495,68511 434,49810 268,752112 274,210111 290,271111 312,386111 352,274111
 France(2) 46,785119 27,730120 13,340121 9,443122 9,399123 9,137123 7,268124
 United Kingdom 29,131125 24,900125 23,391126 22,127127 14,645128 15,385128 15,971128
 Germany 26,348129 21,438130 12,622131 10,661132 8,374132 6,464132 7,591132
 Netherlands 18,356133 19,519134135 14,874136 16,111137 16,122138 11,837138 3,013138
 Canada Not available Not available Not available Not available 16,167(1) 19,963139 14,828
World Over 1.3 million Over 1.2 million - - 740,000140 511,758 500,405
Notes (1) Partial sales, includes only Toyota/Lexus sales in Japan.117 (2) Since 2011 French registrations include plug-in hybrids Notes (1) Partial sales, includes only Toyota/Lexus sales in Japan.117 (2) Since 2011 French registrations include plug-in hybrids Notes (1) Partial sales, includes only Toyota/Lexus sales in Japan.117 (2) Since 2011 French registrations include plug-in hybrids Notes (1) Partial sales, includes only Toyota/Lexus sales in Japan.117 (2) Since 2011 French registrations include plug-in hybrids Notes (1) Partial sales, includes only Toyota/Lexus sales in Japan.117 (2) Since 2011 French registrations include plug-in hybrids Notes (1) Partial sales, includes only Toyota/Lexus sales in Japan.117 (2) Since 2011 French registrations include plug-in hybrids Notes (1) Partial sales, includes only Toyota/Lexus sales in Japan.117 (2) Since 2011 French registrations include plug-in hybrids Notes (1) Partial sales, includes only Toyota/Lexus sales in Japan.117 (2) Since 2011 French registrations include plug-in hybrids
8
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9
LITERATURE SURVEY
10
TYPES OF HYBRID ENGINES
  • SERIES HYBRID
  • PARALLEL HYBRID

11
  • SERIES HYBRID

PARALLEL HYBRID
  • Engine size is smaller.
  • Electric Motors and Battery size is larger.
  • Separate generator.
  • Gasoline Engine never connects to wheels
    directly.
  • Either power source at a time.
  • Better to use in cities.
  • Engine size is larger.
  • Electric Motors and Battery size is smaller.
  • Electric motor as generator.
  • Gasoline Engine connects to wheels directly.
  • Both power sources at a time.
  • Better to run on highways.

12
ADVANTAGES
  • Lower emissions and better mileage.
  • No energy consumption on ideal state.
  • At lower speeds i.e. in traffic no smog is
    emitted.
  • Greater mileage.
  • Noise pollution and emission of CO2 are
    considerably reduced.
  • Reliable and comfortable.
  • Cleaner cars
  • Regenerative Braking technology
  • Reduce the dependency on fossil fuels.

13
DISADVANTAGES
  • Expensive
  • Complicated Construction
  • Maintenance is high
  • Batteries are not yet much advanced so as the
    car could run for a larger distance on
    batteries itself
  • More weight due to battery packs
  • In the event of an unfortunate accident, there
    is a risk of exposure to high voltage wires
  • Not suitable for long distance journey
  • Some batteries fail deliver in cold weather
  • Spare parts maybe hard to find and may be costly

14
METHODOLOGY
15
CONSTRUCTION
16
WORKING
17
IMPLEMENTATION
18
Prius Plug-in Hybrid
2010 Honda Insight LX -- 10-03-2009
Ford Fusion Energi 
2011 Nissan Leaf SL 
19
OUTSTANDING DEVELOPMENT OF 2K14
Honda Civic Hybrid (2014)
20
i-MID
Eco assist
7-Inch display audio
ECON button
Push button
21
Features OfHONDA CIVIC HYBRID (2014)
  • FUEL ECONOMY (CTY/HWY) 44/47 mpg
  • CAR TYPE Sedan
  • TRANSMISSION Continuously Variable-speed
    Automatic
  • ENGINE TYPE Hybrid
  • TOTAL SEATING 5
  • CYLINDERS Inline 4
  • FUEL TANK CAPACITY 13.2 gal.

22
Characteristics OfHONDA CIVIC HYBRID (2014)
  • ECON button
  • Push button to start the vehicle
  • Rearview camera with guidelines
  • Steering wheel mounted controls
  • HD Digital traffic determination system
  • USB audio interface
  • Intelligent Multi information display
  • Lane watch
  • Satellite linked Navigation System

23
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