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Samuel Taylor Coleridge


This ppt is on the poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge also known as S.T. coleridge... This ppt also contains the summary of his well known poem "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner" – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Samuel Taylor Coleridge"founder of the
Romantic movement in poetry"
presented at -
K.V. No.2 Delhi Cantt (ii Shift)
presented by
Madhur Tripathi
Coleridges Childhood
  • Coleridge was born in 1772, son of a vicar in a
    small Devon town. He was the youngest of many
    children (some say 10, some 14), much adored and
    even spoiled by his parents. He was a dreamy
    child who loved reading I found the Arabian
    Nights entertainments--one tale of which... made
    so deep an impression on me... that I was haunted
    by spectres whenever I was in the dark--and I
    distinctly remember the anxious and fearful
    eagerness with which I used to watch the window
    in which the books lay--and whenever the sun lay
    upon them, I would seize it, carry it by the
    wall, and bask, and read (from his Biographia

Education and the Dragoons
  • Coleridges father died when he was only nine,
    and Samuel was sent away to a very strict London
    boarding school, Christs Hospital. He attended
    Jesus College, Cambridge for several years in the
    early 1790s, where he met lifelong friend and
    fellow poet Robert Southey, and came in contact
    with the radical political and social ideas
    fermenting just after the French Revolution. In
    1793, depressed by his lack of funds and a failed
    love affair, he left college and enlisted in the
    dragoons. His brother rescued him from this
    misguided commitment and he returned to
    Cambridge, but never completed his university

Utopianism and an Unhappy Marriage
  • Southey and Coleridge dreamed up and hoped to
    make real a utopia based on the ideals of Platos
    Republic, and called it pantisocracy, meaning
    equal rule by all members of the community. They
    intended to move to the New World with their
    wives and a select few other couples to realize
    this vision it never happened. But Coleridge and
    Southey did marry sisters, Sara and Edith
    Fricker, in 1795. Coleridge was actually in love
    with another woman, Mary Evans, who was obligated
    elsewhere, and his marriage ended unhappily in a
    legal separation in 1806.

Samuel Taylor Coleridge's daughter Sara
Fricker-Coleridge  1830. Portrait by Richard
James Lane
  • Despite not enjoying the name recognition or
    popular acclaim that Wordsworth or Shelley have
    had, Coleridge is one of the most important
    figures in English poetry. His poems directly and
    deeply influenced all the major poets of the age.
    He was known by his contemporaries as a
    meticulous craftsman who was more rigorous in his
    careful reworking of his poems than any other
    poet, and Southey and Wordsworth were dependent
    on his professional advice. His influence on
    Wordsworth is particularly important because many
    critics have credited Coleridge with the very
    idea of "Conversational Poetry".

  • The idea of utilizing common, everyday language
    to express profound poetic images and ideas for
    which Wordsworth became so famous may have
    originated almost entirely in Coleridges mind.
    It is difficult to imagine Wordsworths great
    poems, The Excursion or The Prelude, ever having
    been written without the direct influence of
    Coleridges originality. As important as
    Coleridge was to poetry as a poet, he was equally
    important to poetry as a critic. Coleridge's
    philosophy of poetry, which he developed over
    many years, has been deeply influential in the
    field of literary criticism. This influence can
    be seen in such critics as A.O. Lovejoy and I.A.

Coleridge draft of the poem Kubla Khan
The Rime of the Ancient Mariner, Christabel,
and Kubla Khan
  • Coleridge is probably best known for his long
    poems, The Rime of the Ancient Mariner and Christa
    bel. Even those who have never read the Rime have
    come under its influence its words have given
    the English language the metaphor of
    an albatross around one's neck, the quotation of
    "water, water everywhere, nor any drop to drink"
    (almost always rendered as "but not a drop to
    drink"), and the phrase "a sadder and a wiser
    man" (again, usually rendered as "a sadder but
    wiser man"). The phrase "All creatures great and
    small" may have been inspired by The Rime "He
    prayeth best, who loveth best/ All things great
    and small/ For the dear God who loveth us/ He
    made and loveth all." Christabelis known for its
    musical rhythm, language, and its Gothic tale.
  • Kubla Khan, or, A Vision in a Dream, A Fragment,
    although shorter, is also widely known.
    Both Kubla Khan and Christabel have an additional
    "Romantic" aura because they were never
    finished. Stopford Brooke characterised both
    poems as having no rival due to their "exquisite
    metrical movement" and "imaginative phrasing."

The statue of the Ancient Mariner at Watchet,
Somerset, England. The statue was unveiled in
September 2003, as a tribute to Samuel Taylor
The Conversation poems
  • The Eolian Harp (1795)
  • Reflections on having left a Place of
    Retirement (1795)
  • This Lime-Tree Bower my Prison (1797)
  • Frost at Midnight (1798)
  • Fears in Solitude (1798)
  • The Nightingale A Conversation Poem (1798)
  • Dejection An Ode (1802)
  • To William Wordsworth (1807)

The Rime of The Ancient Mariner
  • Three guys are on the way to a wedding
    celebration when an old sailor (the Mariner)
    stops one of them at the door (we'll call him the
    Wedding Guest). Using his hypnotic eyes to hold
    the attention of the Wedding Guest, he starts
    telling a story about a disastrous journey he
    took. The Wedding Guest really wants to go party,
    but he can't pry himself away from this grizzled
    old mariner. The Mariner begins his story. They
    left port, and the ship sailed down near
    Antarctica to get away from a bad storm, but then
    they get caught in a dangerous, foggy ice field.
    An albatross shows up to steer them through the
    fog and provide good winds, but then the Mariner
    decides to shoot it. Oops.

  • Pretty soon the sailors lose their wind, and it
    gets really hot. They run out of water, and
    everyone blames the Mariner. The ship seems to be
    haunted by a bad spirit, and weird stuff starts
    appearing, like slimy creatures that walk on the
    ocean. The Mariner's crewmates decide to hang the
    dead albatross around his neck to remind him of
    his error.Everyone is literally dying of
    thirst. The Mariner sees another ship's sail at a
    distance. He wants to yell out, but his mouth is
    too dry, so he sucks some of his own blood to
    moisten his lips. He's like, "A ship! We're
    saved." Sadly, the ship is a ghost ship piloted
    by two spirits, Death and Life-in-Death, who have
    to be the last people you'd want to meet on a
    journey. Everyone on the Mariner's ship dies.

  • The wedding guest realizes, "Ah! You're a
    ghost!" But the Mariner says, "Well, actually, I
    was the only one who didn't die." He continues
    his story he's on a boat with a lot of dead
    bodies, surrounded by an ocean full of slimy
    things. Worse, these slimy things are nasty water
    snakes. But the Mariner escapes his curse by
    unconsciously blessing the hideous snakes, and
    the albatross drops off his neck into the
    ocean.The Mariner falls into a sweet sleep, and
    it finally rains when he wakes up. A storm
    strikes up in the distance, and all the dead
    sailors rise like zombies to pilot the ship. The
    sailors don't actually come back to life.
    Instead, angels fill their bodies, and another
    supernatural spirit under the ocean seems to push
    the boat. The Mariner faints and hears two voices
    talking about how he killed the albatross and
    still has more penance to do. These two
    mysterious voices explain how the ship is moving.

  • After a speedy journey, the ship ends up back
    in port again. The Mariner sees angels standing
    next to the bodies of all his crewmates. Then a
    rescue boat shows up to take him back to shore.
    The Mariner is happy that a guy called "the
    hermit" is on the rescue boat. The hermit is in a
    good mood. All of a sudden there's a loud noise,
    and the Mariner's ship sinks. The hermit's boat
    picks up the Mariner.

  • When they get on shore, the Mariner is desperate
    to tell his story to the hermit. He feels a
    terrible pain until the story had been told. In
    fact, the Mariner says that he still has the same
    painful need to tell his story, which is why he
    stopped the Wedding Guest on this occasion.
    Wrapping up, the Mariner tells the Wedding Guest
    that he needs to learn how to say his prayers and
    love other people and things. Then the Mariner
    leaves, and the Wedding Guest no longer wants to
    enter the wedding. He goes home and wakes up the
    next day, as the famous last lines go, "a sadder
    and a wiser man."

English frozen crew joined albatross which sits
on the ship