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Title: AIRCRAFT MANUAL TYPES - GENERAL


1
AIRCRAFT MANUALS
2
Aircraft Manuals.
  • What is Aircraft Manual?
  • Why they are used?
  • Types of Aircraft Manuals?

3
Aircraft manual
  • Aircraft manual, also commonly known as a user
    guide, is a technical communication document
    intended to give assistance to people using a
    particular system in aircraft.

4
Uses
  • Maintenance instructions.
  • Troubleshooting instructions.
  • Assembly instructions.
  • Installation instructions.

5
VARIOUS AIRCRAFT MANUALS
6
CLASSIFICATION-AIRCRAFT MANUAL
  • MAINTENANCE
  • AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL-AMM
  • COMPONENT MAINTENANCE MANUAL-CMM
  • AIRCRAFT SCHEMATIC MANUAL-ASM
  • WIRING DIAGRAM MANUAL-WDM
  • FAULT ISOLATION MANUAL-FIM
  • MAINTENANCE PLANNING DOCUMENT-MPD
  • MAINTENANCE TASK CARD MANUAL-MTCM
  • MAINTENANCE FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT PLANNING
    MANUAL-MFEPM
  • POWER PLANT BUILD UP MANUAL-PPBUM
  • TROBLE SHOOTING MANUAL-TSM
  • REPAIR
  • AIRCRAFT RECOVERY MANUAL-ARM
  • NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING MANUAL-NDTM
  • STRUCTURAL REPAIR MANUAL-SRM
  • OPERATIONAL MANUAL
  • AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL-AFM
  • AIRCRAFT PLANNING MANUAL-APM
  • FLIGHT CREW OPERATING MANUAL-FCOM
  • FLIGHT PLANNING AND CRUISE CONTROL MANUAL
  • MASTER MINIMUM EUIPMENT LIST-MMEL
  • WEIGHT BALANCE MANUAL-WBM
  • MATERIAL
  • ILLUSTRATED PARTS CATALOGUE
  • ILLUSTRATED TOOLS EQUIPMENT MANUAL

7
AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL-AMM
  • The AMM contains data that includes the scheduled
    maintenance procedures identified by the
    Maintenance Requirements Manual (MRM). It gives
    instructions to service, replace, adjust, test,
    inspect, check, clean, paint, and repair the
    aircraft systems and equipment on the aircraft,
    usually done on the ramp or in the maintenance
    hangar.
  • Note Instructions and data for repair of
    equipment off the aircraft OR OEM are contained
    in the Component Maintenance Manuals (CMM).

8
AMM STRUCTURE
GROUP 1 GROUP 2 GROUP 3 GROUP 4 GROUP 5
Aircraft General Airframe Systems Structure Power Plant Charts
Chapters 5 to 12 Chapters 20-49 Chapters 51 to 57 Chapters 70 to 80 Chapter 91
9
ATA- AIR TRANSPORT ASSOCIATION
  • The ATA Chapter numbers provide a common
    referencing standard for all commercial aircraft
    documentation. This commonality permits greater
    ease of learning and understanding for pilots and
    engineers alike. The standard numbering system is
    controlled and published by the Air Transport
    Association.

10
ATA CHAPTERS
  • AIRCRAFT GENERAL
  • ATA Number ATA Chapter name
  • ATA 05 TIME LIMITS/MAINTENANCE
    CHECKS
  • ATA 06 DIMENSIONS AND AREAS
  • ATA 07 LIFTING AND SHORING
  • ATA 08 LEVELING AND WEIGHING
  • ATA 09 TOWING AND TAXIING
  • ATA 10 PARKING, MOORING, STORAGE
    AND RETURN TO SERVICE
  • ATA 11 PLACARDS AND MARKINGS
  • ATA 12 SERVICING - ROUTINE
    MAINTENANCE

11
AIRFRAME SYSTEMS
  • ATA Number ATA Chapter name
  • ATA 20 STANDARD PRACTICES AIRFRAME
  • ATA 21 AIR CONDITIONING AND PRESSURIZATION
  • ATA 22 AUTOFLIGHT
  • ATA 23 COMMUNICATIONS
  • ATA 24 ELECTRICAL POWER
  • ATA 25 EQUIPMENT/FURNISHINGS
  • ATA 26 FIRE PROTECTION
  • ATA 27 FLIGHT CONTROLS
  • ATA 28 FUEL
  • ATA 29 HYDRAULIC POWER
  • ATA 30 ICE AND RAIN PROTECTION
  • ATA 31 INDICATING / RECORDING SYSTEM
  • ATA 32 LANDING GEAR
  • ATA 33 LIGHTS
  • ATA 34 NAVIGATION
  • ATA 35 OXYGEN
  • ATA 36 PNEUMATIC
  • ATA 37 VACUUM

12
STRUCTURE
  • ATA Number ATA Chapter name
  • ATA 51 STANDARD PRACTICES AND STRUCTURES
    GENERAL
  • ATA 52 DOORS
  • ATA 53 FUSELAGE
  • ATA 54 NACELLES/PYLONS
  • ATA 55 STABILIZERS
  • ATA 56 WINDOWS
  • ATA 57 WINGS

13
POWER PLANT
  • ATA Number ATA Chapter name
  • ATA 61 PROPELLERS
  • ATA 71 POWER PLANT
  • ATA 72 ENGINE
  • ATA 73 ENGINE - FUEL AND CONTROL
  • ATA 74 IGNITION
  • ATA 75 BLEED AIR
  • ATA 76 ENGINE CONTROLS
  • ATA 77 ENGINE INDICATING
  • ATA 78 EXHAUST
  • ATA 79 OIL
  • ATA 80 STARTING

14
CHARTS OTHERS
  • ATA Number ATA Chapter name
  • 91 Charts
  • 92-94 Unassigned
  • 95-98 Reserved for Airline Use
  • 99 Unassigned
  • 100-114 Do not use
  • 115 Flight Simulator Systems
  • 116 Flight Simulator Cuing Systems

15
AMM Page Block
  • HEADING
    PAGE NUMBER
  • System Description Section 1 to 99
  • Component Location 101 to
    199
  • Maintenance Practices 201 to
    299
  • Servicing
    301 to 399
  • Removal/Installation 401 to
    499
  • Adjustment/Test 501
    to 599
  • Inspection/Check 601 to
    699
  • Cleaning/Painting 701 to
    799
  • Repairs
    801 to 899

16
AMTOSS- AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE TASK ORIENTED
SUPPORT SYSTEM
  • 000 REMOVAL
  • 100 CLEANING
  • 200 INSPECTION, CHECKS
  • 300 REPAIR
  • 400 INSTALLATION
  • 500 MATERIAL AND AIRCRAFT HANDLING
  • 600 SERVICING, PRESERVING, LUBRICATING
  • 700 TESTING, CHECKING
  • 800 MISCELLANEOUS
  • 900 CHANGE REMOVE INSTALL

17
COMPONENT MAINTENANCE MANUAL-CMM
  • Instructions and data for repair of equipment off
    the aircraft are contained in the Component
    Maintenance Manuals (CMM).
  • CMM are otherwise called as Bench Maintenance.

18
CMM-Page Blocks
  • HEADING PAGE
    NUMBER
  • Description Operation 1-99
  • Fault isolation Testing
    101-199
  • Automatic Test Requirements
    201-299
  • Disassembly
    301-399
  • Cleaning
    401-499
  • Inspection ,Check 501-599
  • Repairs 601-699
  • Assembly (with Storage)
    701-799
  • Fits, Rigs Clearances 801-899
  • Special Tools Fixtures
    901-999
  • Illustrated Part List 1001-1099

19
STRUCTURAL REPAIR MANUAL-SRM
  • Basic data that includes the primary structural
    groups of the aircraft, primary and secondary
    structure, important area and dimensional data.
    The zoning diagrams, access data, abbreviations
    and a glossary are also included.
  • Necessary aerodynamic smoothness
  • Special procedures for use in repair of the
    aircraft
  • Corrosion control data
  • Specifications and/or supplier data for metallic
    and nonmetallic materials. Precautions for
    dangerous materials are included
  • Fastener data
  • Identification of structural components and the
    materials from which they are made
  • Damage classification, allowable damage and
    repair limits
  • Standard repairs
  • Specific repairs

20
SRM-Page Block List of chapters
  • List of Chapters
  • Chapter 51 - STRUCTURES - STANDARD PRACTICES
  • Chapter 52 - DOORS
  • Chapter 53 - FUSELAGE
  • Chapter 54 - NACELLES/PYLONS
  • Chapter 55 - STABILIZERS
  • Chapter 56 - WINDOWS
  • Chapter 57 - WINGS
  • Page Block
  • 01-Structural Identification (page 0-99)
  • 02-Allowable Damage (Page 101-199)
  • 03-Repairs (Page 201-299)

21
AIRCRAFT ILLUSTRATED PARTS CATALOGE-AIPC
  • AIPC describes the component breakdowns of
    structure and equipment in disassembly sequence.
    Also included are exploded views or cutaway
    illustrations for all parts and equipment
    manufactured by the aircraft manufacturer.
  • It illustrate the parts by figure, item number,
    part numbers and most important of all aircraft
    applicability i.e., A/C MSN. IPC also shows parts
    interchangeability and vendor code.
  • AIPC can be used as reference documents for
    finding the parts, its part number, quantity,
    appearance/illustration while working on the
    Aircraft.

22
WIRING DIAGRAM MANUAL-WDM
  • The WDM contains point to point data to tell
    maintenance persons about electrically operated
    systems and components applicable to the aircraft.

23
NON DESTRUCTIVE MANUAL-NDT
  • NDT manual contains data to inform the
    maintenance personnel with the nondestructive
    test procedures to be done on the aircraft. This
    data is given in the Maintenance Review Board
    (MRB) Document, specially the Maintenance
    Requirements manual (MRM).
  • Contains General data and procedures for X-ray,
    ultrasonic, eddy current, magnetic particle,
    fluorescent penetrate, Gamma ray, resonance, and
    visual inspection.

24
FIM
  • The function of the FIM is to give aircraft
    maintenance personnel sufficient data to isolate
    system/component malfunctions that occur in the
    aircraft systems as quickly and as accurately as
    possible. Generally, the FIM is limited to the
    replacement of line replaceable units (LRU)
    and/or wiring repairs necessary to correct these
    malfunctions. Regular or scheduled maintenance is
    not included as part of the fault isolation.
  • Usually, the fault isolation does not include
    multiple problems, unless the appearance of two
    or more faults are necessary to cause the
    malfunction.

25
AIRCRAFT RECOVERY MANUAL-ARM
  • The AIRCRAFT RECOVERY MANUAL is intended to
    provide Airlines and Airport Authorities with
    optimum planning, preparation and accomplishment
    data for the Lifting and moving of a disabled
    aircraft which may be obstructing airport traffic.

26
AIRCRAFT SCHEMATIC MANUAL-ASM
  • Schematic Diagrams are simple diagrams that
    illustrate the major components and function of a
    system such as hydraulics or fuel, etc. This is
    used for training or general reference. Some
    schematic will have detailed information that
    will help the mechanic to diagnose a problem or
    repair it.

27
ILLUSTRATED TOOL EQUIPMENT MANUAL-ITEM
  • The ITEM describes, lists, and illustrates the
    Ground Support Equipment (GSE) available for the
    aircraft. The ITEM also highlights the GSE, which
    are necessary to do specified tasks during flight
    line and hangar maintenance.
  • This manual describes the features of the Tool
    equipments that is to be used for aircraft
    maintenance.

28
AIRPORT PLANNING MANUAL-APM
  • The Airport Planning Manual (APM), contains
    general data on the airport facilities, ramp, and
    runway areas necessary to operate the aircraft.

29
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL-AFM
  • This Airplane Flight Manual contains limitations,
    procedures and performance data for the operation
    of the airplane.
  • It is the responsibility of pilots who are
    qualified to operate the airplane to be entirely
    familiar with the information contained in this
    publication to ensure that the airplane is
    operated at all times within the approved flight
    envelope.

30
FLIGHT CREW OPERATING MANUAL-FCOM
  • The Flight Crew Operating Manual (FCOM) is
    designed to provide the flight crew with readily
    accessible operational information. For optimum
    utilization of the manual, this introduction
    should be read carefully.
  • The purpose of the FCOM is
  • to provide information regarding operational
    procedures, performance and limitations
  • to standardize terminology and behavioral
    patterns
  • to provide rapid access to reference procedures
  • to provide information on airplane systems and
    operations that are controlled and revised.

31
FLIGHT PLANNING AND CRUISE CONTROL MANUAL
  • This Flight Planning and Cruise Control Manual
    contains performance data for the operation of
    the airplane. All of the performance data in the
    Flight Planning and Cruise Control Manual are
    governed by the limitations of the Airplane
    Flight Manual, and are provided as advisory
    information only.

32
ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS - STANDARD
PRACTICES MANUAL
  • The SPC contains point to point data to tell
    maintenance persons about electrically operated
    systems and components applicable to the airplane.

33
MASTER MINIMUM EQUIPMENT LIST-MMEL
  • A Master Minimum Equipment List (MMEL) is an
    approved document created specifically to
    regulate the dispatch of an aircraft type with
    inoperative equipment. It establishes the
    aircraft equipment allowed to be inoperative
    under certain conditions for a specific type of
    aircraft and still provide an acceptable level of
    safety. The MMEL contains the conditions,
    limitations and procedures required for operating
    the aircraft with these items inoperative. The
    MMEL forms the basis for development and review
    of an individual operator's Minimum Equipment
    List (MEL).

34
MAINTENANCE TASK CARD MANUAL-MTCM
  • The Maintenance Task Card Manual (MTCM), contains
    the tasks cards with all the procedural
    requirements to do the tasks that have been
    identified in the Maintenance Requirements Manual
    (MRM).
  • Tasks cards are written to direct maintenance
    personnel to do a specific maintenance task. They
    are written in a clear and concise manner that is
    transcribed accurately from the intent of the MRM
    items and include all the regulatory requirements
    using good maintenance procedures.
  • The extent to which the manufacturers task cards
    are used will change from one customer/operator
    to another depending on the number of maintenance
    resources available (i.e. Engineering,
    Maintenance Planning, Aircraft Records, in-house
    repair shops, etc.). A customer/operator may
    choose to use these task cards or write their own
    task cards according to their maintenance
    policies and procedures.

35
POWER PLANT GROUND RUN MANUAL-PPGRM
  • The Power Plant Ground Run Manual (PPGRM)
    contains engine operational limits, engine
    emergency procedures, abnormal engine operation
    and ground run operational tests.
  • It is possible that the instructions given in the
    PPGRM will not identify all possible differences
    for equipment, installation, operation or
    maintenance of the aircraft.

36
MAINTENANCE PLANNING DOCUMENT-MPD
  • Maintenance Planning Data  documents data
    developed by the manufacturer of a particular
    airplane that contains the information each
    operator of that airplane needs to develop a
    customized, scheduled maintenance and inspection
    program.
  • MPD also refers as Maintenance Requirement Manual.

37
OTHER VARIOUS TYPES ARE FOLLOWS
  • MAINTENANCE FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT PLANNING
    MANUAL
  • POWER PLANT BUILDUP MANUAL
  • WEIGHT BALANCE MANUAL.
  • RAMP SERVICING/TRAINING MANUAL.
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