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Title: Potential of ICT - SSC


1
Chapter 1 Potential of ICT
Marks 4 Marks with Option 8
KEY CONCEPTS
  • Importance Definitions of ICT
  • Introduction to Information Highway
  • Knowledge Society for ICT, Education and
    Development
  • ICT and changing role of educators to promote
    literacy
  • ICT and challenging skill
  • Transformative impact of ICT-changing stories

Information Communication Technology
SSC
2
Importance of ICT
1. Information readily available anywhere.
2. Teaching-learning process information easily
available.
3. Works on RRS. Websites are developed to serve
all needs of a user.
Information Communication Technology
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3
Definitions of ICT
  1. ICT is a diverse mixture of technology tools and
    resources to create, differentiate, store and
    manage information for communication.
  2. ICT can be defined as the use of hardware and
    software for efficient management of
    information.
  3. ICT refers to forms of technology that are used
    to transmit, store, create and share or exchange
    information.

Note Generally, all the definitions are never
asked. Study the one you find the easiest to
understand.
of information for particular task.
E.g.
Information Communication Technology
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Elements of ICT
  • People

A
B
C
  • Communication
  • Information
  • Procedure
  • Hardware
  • Software

Information Communication Technology
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Basic Concept of ICT
ICT is basically Communication using Information
Technology
Process
Process
Telephone
Presentation
Presentation
Artificial Satellite
Information Communication Technology
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6
Chapter 1 Potential of ICT
KEY CONCEPTS
  • Importance Definitions of ICT
  • Introduction to Information Highway
  • Knowledge Society for ICT, Education and
    Development
  • ICT and changing role of educators to promote
    literacy
  • ICT and challenging skill
  • Transformative impact of ICT-changing stories

Information Communication Technology
SSC
7
Information Highway
Definition Information Highway is defined as
the Global Information and Communication Network,
which includes the Internet, Telephone Networks,
Television and Satellite Communication Networks.
The Highway through which Information travels
Information Communication Technology
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8
Chapter 1 Potential of ICT
KEY CONCEPTS
  • Importance Definitions of ICT
  • Introduction to Information Highway
  • Knowledge Society for ICT, Education and
    Development
  • ICT and changing role of educators to promote
    literacy
  • ICT and challenging skill
  • Transformative impact of ICT-changing stories

Information Communication Technology
SSC
9
Knowledge Society for ICT
The term Knowledge Society refers to a society
where knowledge is the primary production
resource.
A society where people use and share knowledge
for their well-being can be called a knowledge
society.
Education is of huge importance in the knowledge
society- because innovation and development
depend on the knowledge gained by education.
Thus, using education, innovations can be made
which contribute for the development of the
society.
Information Communication Technology
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Knowledge Society for ICT
How is ICT related to Knowledge Society?
ICT is the enabler for both innovation and
education.
With ICT knowledge and information can be shared
all over the world.
Information Communication Technology
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Scope of ICT in Education
1. WWW
The World Wide Web is the largest source of
information for students as well as teachers.
One living in a village or rural areas can also
access the latest information everyday.
Information Communication Technology
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Scope of ICT in Education
2. Television
Television broadcast is one of the best way to
educate using video clips.
Example, the difficult experiments, advanced
surgery for medical students can be viewed.
Information Communication Technology
SSC
13
Scope of ICT in Education
3. Text references on the internet.
The information about text books, etc. is
available on the internet.
(Similar to point 1-WWW)
Information Communication Technology
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Scope of ICT in Education
4. Audio Video CDs
Audio cassettes, video tapes, CDs, etc. are
available in the market for students of any
standard.
Information Communication Technology
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15
Scope of ICT in Education
5. LCD Projectors
LCD Projectors can be used for effective teaching
for large number of students.
Information Communication Technology
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16
Scope of ICT in Education
6. Online Examinations
Human mistakes in correction can be avoided by
on-line examinations.
Information Communication Technology
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Chapter 1 Potential of ICT
KEY CONCEPTS
  • Importance Definitions of ICT
  • Introduction to Information Highway
  • Knowledge Society for ICT, Education and
    Development
  • ICT and changing role of educators to promote
    literacy
  • ICT and challenging skill
  • Transformative impact of ICT-changing stories

Information Communication Technology
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18
Changing Role of Educators to promote Literacy
Ways in which educators will guide learners in
ICT environment
1. Learner - There is continuous progress in the
field of Science and Technology. New hardware and
software are developed. Learner must keep his
knowledge up-to-date.
2. Planner - The maximum use and benefit of the
computer is possible when proper planning and
execution of it are strictly followed.
3. Teaching - Computer Aided Teaching (like TAT,
Technology Aided Teaching at MT), is important.
Every student should use software for effective
learning.
4. Examiner - Examinations are a crucial part of
education. Setting of question papers, unit
tests, preparation of question banks, etc. can be
done with the help of ICT.
Information Communication Technology
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Changes in traditional education system due to ICT
CURRICULUM
Before
After
Institutional design curriculum for prescribed
course.
Learners need based curriculum courses demanded
by lecturers.
Information Communication Technology
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Changes in traditional education system due to ICT
CONTENT
Before
After
Fixed or stable content for specific period.
Rapidly changing content.
Information Communication Technology
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Changes in traditional education system due to ICT
Teaching-learning method
Before
After
1. Asynchronous teaching-learning process.
1. Teaching-learning process synchronization.
2. At home or work place.
2. In campus or classroom.
3. Modern age students.
3. Traditional student.
4. Electronic communication (Like one way, two
way or multiple mode, etc.).
4. Face-to-face communication.
5. Detailed classroom teaching.
5. Decentralized leaning, e-learning, use of PPT
on LCD.
Information Communication Technology
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Changes in traditional education system due to ICT
CLASSROOM
Before
After
Communication is oral, lecture method.
Technology related classroom communication. E.g.
CD ROM, internet and web related technology or
multimedia presentation (what youre using now),
virtual teaching, Administration, Video
conferencing.
Information Communication Technology
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Changes in traditional education system due to ICT
ADMINISTRATION
Before
After
Traditional methods are adopted for management.
Management through camera, office and library.
Transaction of management through ICT.
Information Communication Technology
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Changes in traditional education system due to ICT
Evaluation
Before
After
Traditional methods of evaluation written, oral,
practical exam, incidental observation.
Online evaluation, evaluation through software,
data representation and presentation and online
result.
Information Communication Technology
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Chapter 1 Potential of ICT
KEY CONCEPTS
  • Importance Definitions of ICT
  • Introduction to Information Highway
  • Knowledge Society for ICT, Education and
    Development
  • ICT and changing role of educators to promote
    literacy
  • ICT and challenging skill
  • Transformative impact of ICT-changing stories

Information Communication Technology
SSC
26
ICT and Challenging skill requirements
The use of ICT in education requires Basic,
Advanced and Complex Communication Skills for
creating presentations and other media or virtual
content.
E.g. You need skills to make this PowerPoint
presentation.
Hence, education system needs to develop and
establish methods for teaching and evaluating at
all levels of education.
Basic Skills
Reading because computer technology increases
the rate of economic exchange.
People need jobs and the use of abstract models
because of computerization offers plenty of them.
Computer studies includes mathematics and
therefore has turned many people into the
mathematics community.
Advanced Skills
This includes expert thinking, the ability to
solve and discuss problems that, unlike algebra,
lack explicit rule-based solutions.
Complex Communication Skill
Making effective use of collected information
from sources available on the internet. E.g.
Using pictures on the internet in PowerPoint
Presentations.
Learning e-based applications.
Information Communication Technology
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Chapter 1 Potential of ICT
KEY CONCEPTS
  • Importance Definitions of ICT
  • Introduction to Information Highway
  • Knowledge Society for ICT, Education and
    Development
  • ICT and changing role of educators to promote
    literacy
  • ICT and challenging skill
  • Transformative impact of ICT-changing stories

Information Communication Technology
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28
Transformative impact of ICT-changing stories
  • Dual shift system

To avoid crowded classrooms, a school may adopt a
dual-shift system without reducing the students
actual study time.
Information Communication Technology
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Transformative impact of ICT-changing stories
  • Providing courses unoffered

ICT can provide courses that small rural or urban
cannot offer to their students because it is
difficult for those institutions to recruit and
retain specialized teachers, particularly for
science and mathematics.
Information Communication Technology
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Transformative impact of ICT-changing stories
  • Radio, TV or Online Instruction

Schools that do not need a full-time Physics or
English teacher can use radio, TV, or online
instruction, using already developed multimedia
materials and sharing one teacher among several
schools.
Information Communication Technology
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Transformative impact of ICT-changing stories
  • Expert person living far away can conduct
    lectures.

Due to ICT an expert person who lives hundred of
miles away can conduct the online courses.
Information Communication Technology
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Transformative impact of ICT-changing stories
  • Video Conferencing

Video conferencing changes the way Government is
working. Bringing experts, decision makers and
citizens face to face who are spread across
geographically. National Informatics Centre is
providing video-conferencing services for
Government organizations.
Information Communication Technology
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Transformative impact of ICT-changing stories
for e.g.
  • Video Conferencing

Maharashtra State Centre Mumbai is well equipped
for providing videoconferencing services at
International, National and at district level
through NICNET (National Informative Centre
Network). All the NIC Districts Centers in
Maharashtra state are well connected with 2mbps
Leased circuit to National network.
INDIA
KASHMIR
Mumbai
2mbps
NICNET
MSCM
2mbps
U.S.A.
KERELA
Thane
MBPS MegaBytes Per Second.
Information Communication Technology
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Transformative impact of ICT-changing stories
for e.g.
  • Video Conferencing

Mumbai is connected with 34 Mbps link with Delhi.
34mbps
Mumbai
Delhi
Information Communication Technology
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Transformative impact of ICT-changing stories
  • Providing opportunities

To provide opportunities for students to practice
basic skills in their own time and at their own
pace.
Information Communication Technology
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Transformative impact of ICT-changing stories
  • Using information

To allow students to use the information they
acquire to solve the problems.
Information Communication Technology
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Transformative impact of ICT-changing stories
  • Provide access to worldwide information resources

To provide access to worldwide information
resources.
Information Communication Technology
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Transformative impact of ICT-changing stories
  • Providing cost-affective means

To offer the most cost-effective (and in some
cases only) means for bringing the world into the
classroom.
Information Communication Technology
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Chapter 1 Potential of ICT
KEY CONCEPTS
  • Importance Definitions of ICT
  • Introduction to Information Highway
  • Knowledge Society for ICT, Education and
    Development
  • ICT and changing role of educators to promote
    literacy
  • ICT and challenging skill
  • Transformative impact of ICT-changing stories

Information Communication Technology
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Theory
Complete!
Information Communication Technology
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EXERCISES
1. Select the correct alternative
i. ICT stands for __________.
Click one of the options. The wrong answer will
turn red and the correct one, green. Then click
the correct green answer to proceed to the next
question.
i
a) Information and Communication Technology
b) Information and Computer Technology
d) None of these
c) Interaction and Compile Technique
Information Communication Technology
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EXERCISES
1. Select the correct alternative
i. ICT stands for __________.
a) Information and Communication Technology
b) Information and Computer Technology
d) None of these
c) Interaction and Compile Technique
Information Communication Technology
SSC
43
EXERCISES
1. Select the correct alternative
i. ICT stands for __________.
b) Information and Computer Technology
a) Information and Communication Technology
d) None of these
c) Interaction and Compile Technique
Information Communication Technology
SSC
44
EXERCISES
1. Select the correct alternative
i. ICT stands for __________.
b) Information and Computer Technology
a) Information and Communication Technology
d) None of these
c) Interaction and Compile Technique
Information Communication Technology
SSC
45
EXERCISES
1. Select the correct alternative
i. ICT stands for __________.
b) Information and Computer Technology
a) Information and Communication Technology
d) None of these
c) Interaction and Compile Technique
Information Communication Technology
SSC
46
EXERCISES
1. Select the correct alternative
ii. _______ is the Information Highway
a) Information Technology
b) Data
d) Internet
c) Information gathering
Information Communication Technology
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EXERCISES
1. Select the correct alternative
ii. _______ is the Information Highway
a) Information Technology
b) Data
c) Information gathering
d) Internet
Information Communication Technology
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48
EXERCISES
1. Select the correct alternative
ii. _______ is the Information Highway
b) Data
a) Information Technology
c) Information gathering
d) Internet
Information Communication Technology
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49
EXERCISES
1. Select the correct alternative
ii. _______ is the Information Highway
b) Data
a) Information Technology
c) Information gathering
d) Internet
Information Communication Technology
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50
EXERCISES
1. Select the correct alternative
ii. _______ is the Information Highway
b) Data
a) Information Technology
d) Internet
c) Information gathering
Information Communication Technology
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51
EXERCISES
1. Select the correct alternative
iii. The term _______ generally refers to a
society where knowledge is the primary production
of resource.
a) Information Technology
b) Knowledge society
d) Information literacy
c) Information gathering
Information Communication Technology
SSC
52
EXERCISES
1. Select the correct alternative
iii. The term _______ generally refers to a
society where knowledge is the primary production
of resource.
a) Information Technology
b) Knowledge society
d) Information literacy
c) Information gathering
Information Communication Technology
SSC
53
EXERCISES
1. Select the correct alternative
iii. The term _______ generally refers to a
society where knowledge is the primary production
of resource.
b) Knowledge society
a) Information Technology
d) Information literacy
c) Information gathering
Information Communication Technology
SSC
54
EXERCISES
1. Select the correct alternative
iii. The term _______ generally refers to a
society where knowledge is the primary production
of resource.
b) Knowledge society
a) Information Technology
d) Information literacy
c) Information gathering
Information Communication Technology
SSC
55
EXERCISES
1. Select the correct alternative
iii. The term _______ generally refers to a
society where knowledge is the primary production
of resource.
b) Knowledge society
a) Information Technology
d) Information literacy
c) Information gathering
Information Communication Technology
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56
EXERCISES
2. State True or False.
i. ICT is the new technology for communication.
TRUE
FALSE
Information Communication Technology
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EXERCISES
2. State True or False.
i. ICT is the new technology for communication.
TRUE
FALSE
Information Communication Technology
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EXERCISES
2. State True or False.
i. ICT is the new technology for communication.
TRUE
FALSE
Information Communication Technology
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59
EXERCISES
2. State True or False.
ii. Advanced skill includes expert thinking,
which may lack due to rule based conditions.
TRUE
FALSE
Information Communication Technology
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EXERCISES
2. State True or False.
ii. Advanced skill includes expert thinking,
which may lack due to rule based conditions.
TRUE
FALSE
Information Communication Technology
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61
EXERCISES
2. State True or False.
ii. Advanced skill includes expert thinking,
which may lack due to rule based conditions.
TRUE
FALSE
Information Communication Technology
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62
EXERCISES
2. State True or False.
iii. International network of networks is called
browser.
TRUE
FALSE
Information Communication Technology
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63
EXERCISES
2. State True or False.
iii. International network of networks is called
browser.
TRUE
FALSE
Information Communication Technology
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64
EXERCISES
2. State True or False.
iii. International network of networks is called
browser.
TRUE
FALSE
Information Communication Technology
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65
EXERCISES
2. State True or False.
iv. Video conference is used for a single person
at a time.
TRUE
FALSE
Information Communication Technology
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66
EXERCISES
2. State True or False.
iv. Video conference is used for a single person
at a time.
TRUE
FALSE
Information Communication Technology
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67
EXERCISES
2. State True or False.
iv. Video conference is used for a single person
at a time.
TRUE
FALSE
Information Communication Technology
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68
EXERCISES
3. Answer in brief.
i. Define Information Communication Technology.
Ans. Information and Communication Technology
refers to different forms of technology that
allow us to transmit, store, create, process and
share information by electronic means.This
includes technologies such as radio, TV, Videos,
Telephones, DVDs CDs, Computers, the related
software and hardware, Satellite systems and all
associated technologies.In brief, exchanging
information using communication technologies is
known as ICT.
Information Communication Technology
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EXERCISES
3. Answer in brief.
ii. Define Information Highway.
Ans. Today the information Highway is the
Internet. The Information Highway is defined as
the Global Information and Communication Network,
which includes the Internet, Telephone Networks,
Television and Satellite Communication Networks.
Information Communication Technology
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EXERCISES
3. Answer in brief.
iii. Define Knowledge Society.
Ans. Knowledge Society refers to a society where
knowledge is the main resource instead of Capital
and Labour.In former times Industrial
Production used to be the main source of Economic
activities. With the rapid globalization this has
changed and now Knowledge is the major source of
productivity. A knowledge society creates,
shares, and uses knowledge for the prosperity of
its people.
Information Communication Technology
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71
EXERCISES
3. Answer in brief.
iv. Write two roles of educator to promote
literacy.
Ans. Educators can improve literacy by performing
various roles such as Learner, Planner, Teachers
and Examiners.Planner Proper planning and
execution is necessary in order that the maximum
benefit of the latest technologies used in
Information and Communication Technology is made
available the students.Teachers Computer Aided
Teaching is a very important part of Learning
today. Using the latest ICT tools and software
allows students a practical way to gain knowledge.
Information Communication Technology
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72
EXERCISES
3. Answer the following questions.
i. Explain the scope of ICT.
Ans. Education is an ongoing process and is not
confined to schools universities and other
traditional centres of education. ICT expands
educational opportunities and promotes
educational changes in the following ways. a)
The WWW is a vast resource for knowledge for
students and teachers. Anybody with access to the
internet can search for information on a variety
of topics. b) Open Universities, Distance
Education and Online Education opportunities mean
that even those who are employed can still pursue
studies at a place and time of their
convenience. c) Television is a great tool for
communicating knowledge to students by showing
difficult experiments, farmers by showing
advanced agricultural techniques and also medical
professionals can benefit by showing advanced
surgical procedures on Television. d) Books,
reference material and also tests can be made
available on CDs, DVDs and other digital media
for use of students from KG to PG (Postgraduate)
level. e) Tests can be conducted Online thus
reducing the need for trained examiners,
invigilators, moderators and also minimizes the
possibility of human errors.
Information Communication Technology
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73
EXERCISES
3. Answer the following questions.
ii. Explain knowledge society for ICT, education
and development.
Ans. Knowledge Society refers to a society where
knowledge is the main resource instead of Capital
and Labour. Education is very important in a
Knowledge Society. a) Education is the source of
basic skills. b) It is the foundation for
development of new knowledge and innovations. c)
It also helps to promote socio-economic
development. Education thus stimulates
development, economic growth and prosperity.
Information Communication Technology
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74
EXERCISES
3. Answer the following questions.
iii. What are challenging skill requirements?
Ans. Widespread computerization and Globalization
have created new jobs for which new skills need
to be developed. As Knowledge societies grow, the
work force needs to be skilled in information and
communication techniques. The skills that need to
be developed can be broadly classified as Basic
Skills and Advanced skills. The Basic Skills
include knowing how to read and write clearly and
also mathematical ability. The use of computers
involves the use of abstract models to carry out
the job efficiently.The Advanced skills include
expert thinking and the ability to solve problems
which cannot be solved using explicit rules based
solutions.Complex Communication skills involve
social interactions and the ability to make
effective verbal and written arguments.
Information Communication Technology
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75
EXERCISES
3. Answer the following questions.
iv. Explain the transformative impact of ICT.
Ans. Using ICT, education can be made available
to students at any place or time. This has
brought about a change in the traditional system
of education. a) With classrooms getting
overcrowded, schools are adopting a shift system.
This allows children to spend some time in a
traditional classroom and at other times may be
required to watch educational programs or
complete online lessons. b) ICT allows small
rural or urban schools to offer courses that
would usually require specialized teachers. This
is especially true in the case of Mathematics,
Science or learning of foreign languages. c) The
use of Radio, Television and other multimedia
programs allows sharing of resources between
schools. All schools need not have full time
teachers for all subjects. d) ICT techniques
allows retired or part-time teachers who are
experts in their chosen fields to teach online
courses to students in distant areas.
Information Communication Technology
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! Thank You !
You now have 8 marks in the Boards for the ICT
Subject in your hand!
Potential of ICT DONE!
77
By Paresh Kalinani
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