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Long Term Complications due to the diabetes

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Title: Long Term Complications due to the diabetes


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Long Term complications due to the diabetes
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The condition of diabetes, defines when the
glucose level increases in the blood. High
glucose level in blood effects body organs if the
problem continued for a long time, this can
damage or disturbance occurs results in the
working of other body organ will not be in the
normal way.
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Main effects of Diabetes
  • Eye Complications
  • Skin Complications,
  • Ulcer
  • Neuropathy
  • Kidney Diseases
  • Blood Pressure Problems
  • Gastroparesis
  • HHNS (Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic
    Syndrome)
  • Strokes
  • Dental Problems
  • Heart Problems
  • Digestion Problems,
  • Poor wound Healing Problems

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Eye complications
  • The problem starts when the vision gets blurry in
    the initial stage, and unable to read and see
    properly, which sometimes results in blindness or
    some other eye disease.
  • Eye diseases with diabetes
  • Retinopathy
  • Cataract
  • Glaucoma

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Retinopathy
  • The Changes and damages of blood vessels in the
    retina defined the stage that causes Retinopathy

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Cataract
  • The dim, clouding effects on eyes lens which make
    the vision unclear.

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Glaucoma
  • The fluid rise, inside the eyes, results in
    damaging of optic nerves, which can lead to
    failure of vision.
  • The proper check-up of eyes and trying to control
    blood sugar level might help in end the risk of
    these eye diseases.

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Skin Complications
  • If someone suffering from diabetes, that person
    should be conscious about skin also, as it
    affects on skin and skin problems can arise.
  • Scleroderma diabeticorum
  • Mostly occur in type 2 diabetes, skin gets harden
    on the back side of neck with the upper back
    side. The main precaution is to control blood
    sugar level, for the time being creams and
    moistures can improve skin condition.

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Vitiligo
  • It is more seen in type 1 diabetes then to type 2
    diabetic patients, vitiligo one of the substance
    creates pigment that have the skill to manage
    skin color are damaged so the problems arise with
    skin coloration. The skin patches mainly formed
    on the chest and abdomen, and might be seen at
    the face mouth, nostrils, and eyes.
  • Some of the treatment includes topical steroids
    and micro pigmentation, and sunscreen with an SPF
    of 30 or higher should be used.

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Ulcer
  • Usually seem on the surface of the foot, over the
    heels, and over the metatarsal heads, the skin
    generally become moisture less, dull with cracks
    harden and warm but lumps not seen
  • Feeling of ache, sensation not felt by the
    patient in ulcer
  • Regular check up of foot and control in glucose
    level with proper care of foot necessity steps
    may demolished the risk of ulcer in diabetes.

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Neuropathy
  • In neuropathy, person not able to experience, the
    sensation of pain because of Breakage of nerves

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Kidney Diseases
  • One of the complications in diabetes is of kidney
    problems and in some cases kidney failure also
    seen. Treatment is necessary to put a stop to
    kidney problems and other health problems like
    heart attack, strokes and other related disease
    with diabetes.
  • Diabetic nephropathy, one of the kidney problems
    in diabetes, where the filters spoiled and
    damaged which results in leakage of protein from
    the blood in urine, this protein known as
    albumin, and the abnormal leakage of albumin,
    like warning of kidney damage started.

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Diseases formed through the nonstandard outflow
of albumin are the following
  • Microalbuminuria/ incipient nephropathy
  • Number of albumin per day 30 to 300mg, flow of
    albumin in the urine
  • Proteinuria/ macroalbuminuria or overt
    nephropathy
  • More than 300 mg

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Blood Pressure Problems
  • One of the common and general problems with
    diabetes is the problem of blood pressure and now
    days very usual.
  • The Heaviness or pressure of blood runs inside
    vessels, which is measured in millimeters of
    mercury (mm Hg), is known as blood pressure.

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Gastroparesis
  • The course of action, where the stomach not able
    to clean and vacant the food with the normal
    process, because of the breakage of vague, whose
    main function is to manage and control digestive
    system

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HHNS (Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic
Syndrome)
  • Its one kind of problem which can arise in
    diabetes, usually associate with type2 diabetes
    that covers enormously heart blood sugar level
    without the occurrence of ketones. Ketones are
    the byproducts of fat division.

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Strokes
  • Generally, People who are suffering from diabetes
    faced strokes more easily, and usually the main
    cause of strokes are uncontrolled high blood
    pressure, or hypertension. The high blood
    pressure problem in diabetic patient can be found
    more commonly.

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Dental Problems
  • Gums and teeth bones become weak in diabetes
    because of improper blood sugar level. Dental
    problems might occur to diabetes patients, so
    proper care is necessary and regular checkups are
    very essential.

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Heart problems
  • Heart problems faced by diabetic patients, one of
    the reasons are breakage and damage of blood
    vessels because of high blood pressure.
  • Coronary artery disease (CAD) and Congestive
    heart failure are the two types of heart
    problems.

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Poor wound Healing Problems
  • The healing process in diabetic patients is slow
    compared to normal one, the wounds may gone
    through worst condition ,since the healing
    process in body become very slow.
  • Main reason behind this problem is slow
    circulation of blood, Neuropathy, immunity lesser
    in diabetic patients.
  • Many complications might be faced just because of
    diabetes, precaution is better than cure, but if
    problems occur more seriously, food habits and
    daily exercises should be included with doctor
    consultant.

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