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Lung Cancer Treatment at World Best Cancer Hospitals in India

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A Lung Cancer is when out-of-control cell growth occurs in one or both lungs. The cancer can arise in any part of the lung, but majority of it arises in the epithelial cells, which are the lining of the Bronchi and bronchioles i.e. the larger and the smaller airways of the lungs. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Lung Cancer Treatment at World Best Cancer Hospitals in India


1
  Most Advanced Lung Cancer Care and
Treatment in India
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What is Lung Cancer?
A Lung Cancer is when out-of-control cell growth
occurs in one or both lungs. The cancer can arise
in any part of the lung, but majority of it
arises in the epithelial cells, which are the
lining of the Bronchi and bronchioles i.e. the
larger and the smaller airways of the lungs. Lung
cancer is predominantly a disease of the elderly
almost 70 of people diagnosed with lung cancer
are over 65 years of age.
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Lung Cancer is Largely Classified into Two Main
Types Based on the Cancer.
  • Small cell carcinoma It generally starts in one
    of the larger breathing tubes, grows fairly
  • rapidly, and is likely to be large by
    the time of diagnosis.
  • Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) It is further
    classified into the following-
  • Epidermoid carcinoma or Squamous cell carcinoma
    It forms in the lining of the bronchial tubes and
    it usually starts from one of the larger
    breathing tubes and grows relatively slowly.
  • Adenocarcinoma It starts forming in the
    mucus-producing glands of the lungs. It is most
    common type of lung cancer that occurs in Womens
    and Non-smokers.
  • Large cell caracinoma This kind of NSCLC
    initiates near the surface of the lung and it
    grows rapidly.

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  • There are usually no signs or symptoms in lung
    cancer. The main symptoms of lung cancer are
    listed below
  • A cough that doesnt go away after two
  • or three weeks
  • A long-standing cough that gets worse
  • Persistent chest infections
  • Coughing up blood
  • Persistent breathlessness
  • Loss of appetite or unexplained weight
  • loss

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Diagnosis of Lung Cancer
  • History and physical examination, and imaging
    with chest X-ray and CT scan or MRI.
  • Positron emission tomography (PET) scanning is
    a specialized imaging technique
  • that uses short-lived radioactive drugs to
    produce three-dimensional colored images
  • of those substances in the tissues within
    the body, in a growing tumor.
  • Bone scans are used to create images of bones
    on a computer screen or on film.
  • Sputum cytology The diagnosis of lung cancer
    requires confirmation of malignant
  • cells by a pathologist.
  • Bronchoscopy Examination of the airways
    through a probe inserted through the nose
  • or mouth may reveal areas of tumor that can
    be sampled (biopsied) for diagnosis by a
  • pathologist.
  • Thoracentesis Sometimes lung cancers lead to an
    accumulation of fluid in the space
  • between the lungs and chest wall (called a
    pleural effusion).

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 Lung Cancer Treatment Options Available at Best
Cancer Hospitals in India
ChemoembolizationStrong chemicals are used in
chemotherapy that interferes with cell division
process and damages DNA or proteins. The aim of
these treatments is to rapidly divide the cells.
The normal cells can be recovered from any
chemical-induced damage whereas cancer cells
cannot be recovered. The medicines in
chemotherapy travel in a systematic way by
passing from the complete body and destroying the
original tumor cells that have spread in the
whole body. Usually many therapies are combined
that also includes many types of chemotherapy.
Targeted Therapy Targeted therapy drugs more
specifically target cancer cells, resulting in
less damage to normal cells than general
chemotherapeutic agents. Erlotinib and gefitinib
target a protein called the epidermal growth
factor receptor (EGFR) that is important in
promoting the division of c
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MedWorld India !
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