Non Surgical HIFU High Intensity Frequency Ultrasound Treatment for Prostate Cancer - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Non Surgical HIFU High Intensity Frequency Ultrasound Treatment for Prostate Cancer

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HIFU, which is short for High Intensity Focused Ultrasound, is a state-of-the-art technology acoustic ablation technique that utilizes the power of ultrasound to destroy deep-seated tissue with pinpoint accuracy for treatment of prostate cancer. HIFU focuses sound waves in a targeted area which rapidly increases the temperature in the focal zone causing tissue destruction. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Non Surgical HIFU High Intensity Frequency Ultrasound Treatment for Prostate Cancer


1
  • Non Surgical High Intensity Frequency
    Ultrasound Treatment (HIFU ) for Prostate
    Cancer

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HIFU - High Intensity Frequency Ultrasound
  • HIFU, which is short for High Intensity Focused
    Ultrasound, is a state-of-the-art technology
    acoustic ablation technique that utilizes the
    power of ultrasound to destroy deep-seated tissue
    with pinpoint accuracy for treatment of prostate
    cancer. HIFU focuses sound waves in a targeted
    area which rapidly increases the temperature in
    the focal zone causing tissue destruction. In
    most cases, HIFU is a 1-4 hour, one-time
    procedure performed on an out-patient basis under
    spinal anesthesia. Unlike radiation, HIFU is
    non-ionizing this means that HIFU may also be
    used as a salvage technique if other prostate
    cancer treatments fail. 

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Advantages of HIFU Treatment
  • No blood loss 
  • Quick recovery 
  • Non surgical 
  • Radiation free 
  • An outpatient procedure 
  • This is most modern technique ideal for treatment
    of low
  • grade prostate cancer. It involves no surgery, no
    radiation , good
  • cancer control, minimal morbidity. HIFU helps to
    improve the
  • quality of life after Treatment and there are
    some more advantages
  • like early return of erections and good urinary
    control.

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HIFU procedure for Prostate cancer Treatment
  • Since it is necessary that all your movement be
    minimized during the treatment, spinal anesthesia
    is administered as well as intravenous sedation
    so you will rest comfortably during the
    procedure.
  • The treatment may last anywhere from 2 to 3 hours
    depending on the size of your prostate. The
    treatment is performed with you lying on your
    right-hand side..
  • The urologist locates the limits of the prostate
    by ultrasound examination and outlines the zone
    he wishes to treat. Then 400 to 600 pulses of
    high-intensity focused ultrasound are
    administered to the prostate. As a result of the
    treatment the prostate swells immediately and
    compresses the urethra. For this reason, a
    temporary catheter is inserted into the bladder
    to drain urine until the swelling of the prostate
    goes down. Generally, the catheter will be
    required to stay in place for 14 days.
  • If you have an enlarged prostate with symptoms or
    signs of prostatic obstruction (i.e. weak urinary
    stream, frequent urination at night, or sensation
    of residual urine volume in the bladder), you may
    need to have the prostate reduced prior to
    treatment. This is usually done by the use of
    medication (cyto-reduction) or by having part of
    your prostate resected prior to having the
    treatment. This procedure is called a
    transurethral resection of the prostate (TUR-P).

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  • Before HIFU Treatment
  • Patients are given two enemas two hours prior to
    the procedure. It is very important that the
    patient does not move during HIFU thus patients
    are given a light intravenous sedation and a
    spinal anesthesia. During HIFU Treatment
  • There is no pain during treatment, A small probe
    inserted into the rectum emits ultrasound waves
    directly to the prostatic tissue. During the
    procedure, the Sonablate delivers real-time
    images of the prostate and the surrounding area
    giving the physician immediate and detailed
    feedbakc.Treatment time varies but generally
    lasts one to four hours depending on the size of
    the prostate. 
  • After HIFU Treatment 
  • Immediately after HIFU there is a one to two hour
    recovery period at the treatment facility and
    then you are discharged. Recovery is minimal. A
    catheter is inserted during the procedure that is
    usually worn for one to four weeks. People
    usually are up and walking around within hours
    after HIFU and can return to a normal lifestyle
    within a couple of days. 

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