How Depression During Pregnancy Can Affect Your Baby? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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How Depression During Pregnancy Can Affect Your Baby?

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Although pregnancy is supposed to be a happy time, many women suffer in different ranges from depression during pregnancy. While research and studies are ongoing as to the impact of depression on the fetus, there are studies that have linked the effects of depressed pregnant women and the developing fetus. • The Impact of Depression on the Baby • Causes of Depression during Pregnancy • Methods and Strategies for Handling Prenatal Depression – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: How Depression During Pregnancy Can Affect Your Baby?


1
How Depression During Pregnancy Can Affect Your
Baby ?
2
Overview
  1. Depression During Pregnancy
  2. The Impact of Depression on the Baby
  3. Causes of Depression during Pregnancy
  4. Methods and Strategies for Handling Prenatal
    Depression
  5. What do the Reports indicate?
  6. References

3
Depression During Pregnancy
Pregnancy is supposed to be a happy time

Many women suffer different ranges of depression
during pregnancy.
14 to 23
  • 14 to 23 percent of pregnant women incur some
    symptoms of depression during pregnancy. (The
    American Congress of Obstetricians and
    Gynecologists reports)

4
The Impact of Depression on the Baby
Studies suggest
Babies that are born to mothers who are depressed
during pregnancy may have
  • Decreased muscle tone and higher levels of
    stress hormones.
  • 9 percent of children were developmentally
    delayed at 18 months of age.
  • An increased risk of intrauterine growth
    restriction, low birth rate and preterm birth

5
Causes of Depression during Pregnancy
6
Methods and Strategies for Handling Prenatal
Depression
  • Natural Ways
  • Pharmacological Medications

7
Natural Ways
  • First lineup of treatment includes Psychotherapy,
    cognitive behavior therapy or light therapy for
    mild depression.
  • Get adequate rest
  • Acupuncture
  • Herbal remedies
  • Bring to attention of doctors

8
Pharmacological medications for Clinical/Severe
depression
All medications diffuse to the placenta. Since
there is no psychotropic drug approved by the
Food and Drug Administration for use during
pregnancy.
9
Choosing to take pharmacological medications
during pregnancy should always be done in close
collaboration of a knowledgeable healthcare
professional.
Paroxetine use during pregnancy which is
associated with ventricular septal and atrial
ventricular defects. Studies completed to date
reveal no increase in risk of major congenital
malformations with antidepressants with the
exception of Paroxetine.

10
References
  • The American Congress of Obstetricians and
    Gynecologists reports
  • http//americanpregnancy.org/pregnancyhealth/depre
    ssionduringpregnancy.html
  • Dr. Delia M. Vazquez of the University of
    Michigan School of Medicine study
  • http//consumer.healthday.com/mental-health-inform
    ation-25/depression-news-176/depression-during-pre
    gnancy-might-affect-baby-647314.html
  • Study by University of Washington
  • Study by University of the West of England
  • http//www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18651886
  • According to the Journal of the Academy of
    Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Research by nurse practitioner Deepika Goyal of
    San Jose State University of Nursing

P.T.O.
11
  • http//www.blackdoginstitute.org.au/public/depress
    ion/inpregnancypostnatal/causesriskfactors.cfm
  • http//www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/12/10120
    9101352.htm
  • http//www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC273833
    7/

12
Thank You
The information presented here does not
substitute the expertise of a medical
practitioner so always consult the physician
before starting any of the medical treatments
stated above.
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