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Breast and Prostate Cancer Prevention

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Breastfeeding for at least 3 months appears to lower the risk of developing breast cancer by 25 ... lower your risk of breast cancer? Eat foods high in fiber ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Breast and Prostate Cancer Prevention


1
Breast and Prostate Cancer Prevention
2
Breast Cancer
3
What is Breast Cancer?
  • Abnormal cell growth in lobes or ducts of breast
  • Breast cells grow out of control
  • Cells clump together forming a mass

4
Breast Mass
  • Most breast masses are not cancerous (benign)
  • Benign masses are not life threatening
  • Some masses are cancerous (malignant)

5
Breast Cancer Risk Factors
  • Sex
  • Age
  • Race
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Diet

6
Lifetime Exposure to Estrogen
  • Early menarche
  • Late menopause
  • No pregnancies or 1st child after 30
  • Use of birth control pills or estrogen therapy

7
Breastfeeding for at least 3 months appears to
lower the risk of developing breast cancer by 25.
8
Personal and Family History
  • Have you had breast cancer before?
  • Has your mother, sister or grandmother ever had
    breast cancer?
  • Have you ever been genetically tested and are
    said to carry the gene?

9
If you answered yes to any of the
aforementioned questions you are at greater risk
for developing breast cancer!
10
Other possible risk factors
  • Obesity
  • Pesticide and other chemical exposure
  • Cigarette smoke
  • Charred red meat

11
How do you lower your risk of breast cancer?
  • Eat foods high in fiber
  • Eat five or more fruits vegetables daily
  • Include soy in your diet
  • Limit fat intake
  • Limit alcohol consumption

12
Stay Physically Fit!
  • Exercising 4 times a week decreased risk by 58
  • Include weight-bearing exercise to build stronger
    bones

13
Avoid Pesticides!
  • Wash all produce!
  • Peel waxed produce
  • Consider organically grown foods

14
Recognize Symptoms Early!
  • Symptoms
  • Lump or mass in breast or under arm
  • Change in size, shape, or color of the breast
  • Breast thickening, swelling, or tenderness
  • Dimples, puckers, or scales
  • Pain or discharge from nipple

15
Breast Cancer Screening Tests
  • Monthly breast self exam (BSE)
  • Examine breasts at same time monthly
  • Best time is right after your menstrual cycle
  • Become familiar with breast tissue and appearance

16
Breast Cancer Screening Tests
  • Clinical breast exam
  • Part of a physical
  • Conducted by a physician or health care provider
  • Recommended at least every
  • 3 years

17
Mammogram
  • X-ray that shows an image of breast tissue
  • Can detect problems that cannot yet be seen or
    felt with a BSE
  • Conducted annually for women over 40

18
Additional Steps
  • Discuss your risk and family history with your
    health care provider
  • Women at a higher risk should discuss screening
    schedules with a health care provider

19
If you have any warning signs or symptoms,
contact your provider immediately!
20
Prostate Cancer Prevention
21
Anatomy of the Prostate
  • Small, walnut-sized gland
  • Located in front of the rectum
  • Part of the male reproductive system
  • Produces fluid that mixes with sperm

22
What is Prostate Cancer?
  • Prostate cells grow out of control
  • Cells clump together and form a mass
  • Masses can be
  • Non-cancerous (benign)
  • Cancerous (malignant)

23
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
  • Abnormal growth of benign cells in the prostate
  • Can press against the bladder
  • 50 of men in US between ages 60 70 have
    symptoms
  • 90 between ages 70 90 have symptoms
  • May or may not have to be treated

24
Prostate Cancer Risk Factors
  • Age
  • Usually occurs in men over 50
  • Risk goes up with age
  • Average age at diagnosis is 70

25
Family History
  • Risk doubles if your father or brother has a
    history of prostate cancer
  • Males whose mothers or sisters have had breast
    cancer carry a higher risk

26
Race
  • More common in African American men than
    Caucasian men
  • Less common in Asian and American Indian men than
    Caucasian men

27
Other Risk Factors
  • Farming
  • Farmers who sprayed 250 acres or more doubled
    their risk
  • Diet
  • Diets higher in fat may increase susceptibility
    to prostate cancer

28
How do you lower your risk?
  • Reduce animal fat in diet
  • Especially red meat
  • Increase soy consumption
  • Soy milk
  • Tofu
  • Stay physically fit!

29
  • Tomatoes and high fiber diets appear to be
    protective in nature!

30
Recognize Symptoms Early!
  • Symptoms
  • Frequent urination
  • Inability or difficulty urinating
  • Weak or interrupted flow of urine
  • Pain or burning while urinating
  • Blood in urine or semen

31
Other possible symptoms
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Frequent pain or stiffness
  • Back
  • Hip
  • Thighs
  • Loss of weight or appetite

32
Prostate Cancer Screening Tests
  • Digital Rectal Exam (DRE)
  • Doctors examination with a lubricated finger
  • Recommended at 50 years old
  • Sooner with a family history

33
Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA)
  • Blood test
  • Checks level of substance produced by prostrate
  • Recommended at 50 years old
  • Sooner with a family history
  • Test does have limitations

34
An elevated PSA does not necessarily mean you
have cancer!
35
Additional Steps
  • Discuss your risk and family history with your
    health care provider
  • Men at a higher risk should discuss screening
    schedules with a health care provider

36
If you have any warning signs or symptoms,
contact your provider immediately!
37
The earlier you detect the cancer the greater
chances of successful treatment!
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