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Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in the Developing World: The USAID Role

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Title: Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in the Developing World: The USAID Role


1
Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in the
Developing World The USAID Role
  • Emmy B. Simmons
  • Assistant Administrator
  • Bureau for Economic Growth, Agriculture and
    Trade
  • US Agency for International Development
  • July 31, 2002

2
Climate Change Projections and Developing
Countries
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions Will Increase As
    Development Occurs
  • Temperature and Precipitation Changes Are Likely
    to Affect Agriculture in Many Tropical
    Countries
  • Weather Variability May Increase Socio-economic
    Vulnerability

3
Climate Change Outlooks in Transition Countries
  • Carbon Intensity Can Be Improved Through Improved
    Efficiencies
  • Vast Carbon Management Potential in Agricultural
    and Range Lands, and Forests
  • Strong Scientific Capacity

4
History of USAIDs Climate Change Program
  • 1990 Requested by Congress to Assess Win-win
    Opportunities in Developing Countries
  • 1991-93 Launched in First Agency-wide Global
    Warming Initiative
  • 1995-97 Undertook 4 Regional Initiatives
  • 1997-2002 1 Billion Climate Change Initiative

5
USAID Climate Change Spending
6
A Cross-Sectoral Approach
  • ENERGY

AGRICULTURE
FORESTRY
HEALTH
WATER AND COASTAL AREAS
DISASTER PREVENTION AND RESPONSE
7
USAIDs Approach to Climate Change
Carbon Management Sequestration
Vulnerability Adaptation to Impacts
Energy, Industrial/Urban Emissions
8
A Conceptual Matrix
9
USAIDs Climate Change Strategy
  • GOAL Maximize Climate-related Benefits in All
    Sectors By
  • Targeting Policy Reform and Capacity Building
  • Catalyzing Private Sector Investment and
    Technology Cooperation
  • Building Effective Partnerships
  • Supporting Demonstration Projects and
    Replication
  • Providing and Leveraging Access to Credit and
    Financing (Including Local)

10
Countries Participating in USAIDs Climate Change
Program
11
FY 2002 Spending by Region
Total 167.4 million
12
FY 2002 Spending by Sector
13
Presidential Commitments FY 2003
  • At Least 155 Million to Continue Addressing
    Climate Change Issues in Developing Countries
  • Contribute to 25 Million (FY 02-03) for Climate
    Observing in Developing Countries
  • 50 Million for Tropical Forestry Initiative

14
How USAID Participates in the Work of the CCSPO
  • 21.5 Million in FY 2002 and 2003 for Climate
    Observing
  • Builds Capacity for Using Climate Monitoring
    Through Disaster Preparedness/response and
    Development Planning
  • Implements Science-based Development Programs
    (Agriculture, Environment, Health. Etc.)
  • Provides Opportunities for USG to Strengthen
    Links Between Climate Science and Development

15
Summary of Programs
16
Targeting Policy Reform and Capacity Building
Famine Early Warning (FEWS Net)
  • Budget 6 Million (FY02) and 6 Million (FY03)
  • Partners NOAA, USGS, NASA, Tulane, ARD,
    Chemonics International
  • Started 1987
  • Purpose To Provide Decision-makers With the
    Information to Effectively Respond to Drought,
    Flood, and Food Insecurity.
  • Analyzes Remote Sensing Data and Ground-based
    Meteorological, Crop, and Range-land
    Observations
  • Tracks Progress of Rainy Seasons in Semi-arid
    Regions of Africa to Identify Early Indications
    of Potential Famine.
  • Replicated in Afghanistan, Plans to Implement
    Worldwide

17
Catalyzing investment and Technology Cooperation
Flood Forecasting in Bangladesh
  • Budget 458k (FY02) and 308k (FY03)
  • Partners NOAA/OGP, University of Colorado, ADPC,
    International Research Institute for Climate
    Prediction (IRI), European Center for Medium
    Range Weather Forecasts.
  • Started 2000 (Though Engagement on This Issue
    Began in Bangladesh in the 1980s)
  • Purpose To Develop a Comprehensive
    Flood-forecasting System for Bangladesh.

18
Building Effective Partnerships Drought
Monitoring Centers in Nairobi Harare
  • Budget 1,350k (FY02) and 1,008k (FY03)
  • Partners NOAA, WMO, IRI, FEWS NET, SADC
  • Started 1999
  • Purpose To Improve Climate Monitoring,
    Prediction and Applications, and Early Warning of
    Climate Related Disasters
  • Supports Regional Disaster Preparedness and Other
    Sustainable Development Objectives in Greater
    Horn of Africa (GHA).
  • Why Engage? 70 of Natural Disasters Are Related
    to Climate and Weather

19
Supporting Demonstration Projects and
Replication RANET
  • Budget 300k (FY03)
  • Partners NOAA, UNDP, World Vision, University of
    Oklahoma, Meteorological Services
  • Started 1999
  • Purpose Strengthens Meteorological Services and
    Puts in Place Capacity and Infrastructure to
    Broadcast Weather-related Data and Information
    Via Radio, Internet, and Digital Broadcast to
    Farmers and Citizens Groups.
  • Conducts Training Program Throughout Africa to
    Assist Broad Outreach and Replication
  • RANET Countries Include Niger, Uganda, Kenya,
    Zambia, Chad, Senegal and Mozambique.

20
Key Contacts
  • Ko Barrett, Team Leader, Climate Change Team,
    Bureau for Economic Growth, Agriculture and
    Trade, USAID
  • T (202) 712-5445
  • E-mail kbarrett_at_usaid.gov
  • Emmy B. Simmons, Assistant Administrator, Bureau
    for Economic Growth, Agriculture and Trade, USAID

  • T (202) 712-0670
  • E-mail emsimmons_at_usaid.gov
  • Harry Proctor, Deputy Team Leader,
  • Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance, Bureau
    for Democracy, Conflict and Humanitarian
    Assistance
  • T (202) 712-5117
  • E-mail hproctor_at_usaid.gov
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