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Egypt

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Identify two ways in which Egyptian farmers could benefit from the Nile even ... the hieroglyphic-type script that they originally had, into the cuneiform script? ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Egypt


1
Egypt
Mesopotamia
Middle East
Greece
Athens Sparta
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2
Identify the gods that the dead and living
pharaohs identified with.
3
The current (living) pharaoh identified himself
as Horus the former (dead) pharaoh identified
himself as Osiris.
4
Identify two ways in which Egyptian farmers could
benefit from the Nile even when it wasn't
flooding.
5
1. when it flooded, it lay a fertile layer (that
stayed behind) of soil on the farmlands2. water
was gathered into natural reservoirs to irrigate
lands after the flood waters receded
6
Identify two of the three common causes given for
the lapse by Egypt into the Intermediary Periods.
7
  • 1. Asian invaders
  • 2. drought
  • 3. too much land given to the temple estates

8
Describe the development of the pyramids? What
did they start from? How did they evolve?
9
They started as mastabas. Imhotep created layers
on top of a mastaba, making a step pyramid.
Later, the Egyptians used slanted rocks to make
the sides of the pyramid smooth.
10
Identify three elements that helped to unify
Egypt as a nation, or made this process easier.
11
  • 1. controlling irrigation of the Nile
  • 2. conquering of the North by the South
  • 3. Pharaohs identified as gods
  • 4. destruction of cities
  • 5. natural borders

12
What are the two rivers in Mesopotamia?
13
  • The Tigris and the Euphrates

14
  • Why did Mesopotamian writing evolve away from the
    hieroglyphic-type script that they originally
    had, into the cuneiform script?

15
Because instead of painting on walls or paper,
Mesopotamians wrote on clay tablets, which were
ill-suited to complicated pictograms
(hieroglyphics).
16
  • What is one reason why the Sumerians were able to
    be conquered by the Akkadians?

17
The Sumerian city-states never united in a
league they always insisted on conquering each
other (and other peoples around them)?
18
Identify three trends, developments, or major
events, in Assyrian history
19
1. They started out as merchants, bringing tin
to the Hittite bronze-workers 2. They suffered
from occupation by rulers of Babylon for
centuries (until the late 2nd-millenium BC) 3.
They created a ruthless empire that relied on
terror to intimidate cities from revolting 4.
they were finally defeated in the late 600s by
the Medes and Babylonians.
20
Identify three developments that are commonly
associated with Sumer.
21
  • 1. invention of writing
  • 2. city-states
  • 3. hoplite phalanx
  • 4. use of the wheel
  • 5. mathematics
  • 6. development of a written legal code

22
Describe the warrior ethos of a Bronze-Age warrior
23
1. Because he was well-armed and -trained, he
would only fight his peers2. Often, fights would
be decided not between nations, but between two
champions, one from each side
24
What are the advantages and disadvantages of
working with iron (over bronze)?
25
Pro iron is more durable, and was more plentiful
in the ancient worldCon iron requires higher
temperatures to smelt, and intense beating to
get slag out
26
Identify two factors that caused the collapse of
Minoan civilization
27
1. Volcanic eruption at Thera 2. occupation of
Crete by Myceneans
28
1.The introduction of what broad group of people
gave brought centuries of peace and stability to
the Middle East in the 2nd millenium BC?2.
Identify three kingdoms, nations, or empires that
are a part of this group.
  • Answer both questions

29
1. Indo-europeans
  • 2. Greeks, Persians (Iranians), Mitanni,
    Kassites, Hittites, Aryans (India)?

30
What group had the largest empire the world had
seen, up until the time of Alexander the Great?
Identify three areas that this empire ruled
(apart from their own land)?
31
Egypt, Turkey/Anatolia, Assyria, Mesopotamia,
Palestine, parts of Afghanistan and India
32
What epochal event in Greece marks the Dorian
Invasion?
33
The end of the Bronze Age
34
Identify the item on the left with the
appropriate item on the right1. Classical Age
a. palace complexes2. Hellenistic Age b.
Herodotus and Plato3. Bronze Age
c. Ptolemaic dynasty rules
Egypt
35
1. Classical Age b. Herodotus and
Plato2. Hellenistic Age c. Ptolemaic dynasty
rules
Egypt3. Bronze Age a. palace
complexes
36
Identify three ways was the phalanx of Alexander
the Great the same as that of the classical
Greeks, or modifications that he made in the
phalanx.
37
Same the men had pikes and shields, and lined up
in tight formation.Different pikes were longer,
held by both hands, shield on breastplate, wider
spaces, more mobile
38
How did the Delian League help out Greece? How
did it hurt the Greeks?
39
  • It helped the Greeks out, by creating a united
    front against Persia, allowing the Greeks to free
    the Greek cities along the coast of Asia Minor
    (Turkey).
  • It hurt the Greeks, in that soon the League was
    dominated by Athens, who turned it in to their
    own empire, forcing the other members to pay
    money to the fund that Athens would use to outfit
    more ships, allowing them to rule the league more
    ruthlessly.

40
Identify three elements to statis in Greek
society.
41
  • 1. corruption of judges and politicians
  • 2. lack of political power for lower classes
  • 3. enslavement for non-payment of debts or rents
  • 4. it led to the creation of tyrannies in some
    Greek cities
  • 5. it led to the reforms of Solon and Cleisthenes
    in Athens

42
What event changed Spartan history more than any
other?
43
  • The conquest of Messenia

44
Identify two factors that made the trireme ideal
for ramming.
45
It was a light ship carried no extra freight or
arms had a large iron ram on its prow it was
relatively short and easy to maneuver.
46
Identify two ways in which the enslavement of the
helots shaped Spartan foreign policy.
47
It made the Spartans very leery about leaving the
Peloponnesus for long it forced them to create
friendly (i.e., pro-Spartan) governments inside
the peninsula.
48
What was the two-fold strategy for Athens during
the Peloponnesian War?
49
Stay holed up inside the walls of Athens (and its
Long Walls) and bring in food and tribute each
year from its island allies/empire.
50
Identify four aspects of Greek culture in the
Archaic Age, that mark improvements or
advancements in Greek society
51
1. alphabet2. literacy (Homer, Hesiod)3.
hoplite warfare4. democratic reforms of Solon
and Cleisthenes5. rejection by philosophers of
mythical stories
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