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Pastoral Counseling

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Pastoral counseling approaches questions and issues which ... Concupiscence. 15. Four Wounds 'Toil with the sweat . . .' Original Sin. Reason. Is. Obscured ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Pastoral Counseling


1
Pastoral Counseling
  • Pastoral Counseling Virtue

2
Pastoral Counseling
  • Pastoral counseling approaches questions and
    issues which people face from the perspective of
    faith

3
Counseling
  • Counseling is a general term for a wide variety
    of procedures for helping people cope with
    personal problems or adjust to difficult
    situations.

4
Christian notion of counseling
  • Two essential factors
  • Advice given is based on the premises of faith,
    appealing to ones trust in divine providence
  • Counseling is joined with a prayer for light to
    guide the mind in discerning the will of God.

5
Pastoral Counseling
  • Context
  • Faith
  • Principles
  • Moral
  • Philosophical
  • Theological
  • Trust in Divine Providence
  • Prayer to discern the will of God

6
Counsel
  • Inquiry about the right choice of means to attain
    a particular end, the advice give in response.
  • Also, a directive or recommendation by one in
    authority, which does not bind to its observance,
    as does a law or precept.

7
Psychotherapy
  • The major rudiments of psychotherapy center on
    helping the unconscious become conscious take
    form
  • Helping one express what they are experiencing
  • Understanding what they are experiencing
  • Expressing to the person ones understanding of
    what they are experiencing
  • Providing direction

8
Pastoral Counseling
  • Understanding and prudent counsel based upon the
    premises of faith combined with trust in divine
    providence and prayer to discern the will of God.

9
Goals
  • Confidence as pastoral counselors
  • Essential vision of health, human nature,
    marriage and family life
  • Practical pedagogical approaches and interventions

10
Health
  • Will
  • Love what Church loves
  • Intellect
  • See what Church sees

11
Context of Reality
  • 3 Persons
  • 4 Events
  • Creation
  • Fall
  • Redemption
  • Final Judgment
  • Father
  • Jesus
  • Adam

12
In face of reality
  • Live in Harmony
  • Rebel
  • Deny it exists

13
Souls Powers and Virtue
  • Reason
  • Will
  • Irascible
  • Concupiscible

14
Effects of Original Sin
Ignorance
Malice
Weakness
Concupiscence
15
Four WoundsToil with the sweat . . .
Reason Is Obscured
Original Sin
Good Actions more difficult
Less Self Control
Will hardened to evil
16
Virtues
  • Theological
  • Faith
  • Hope
  • Charity
  • Moral
  • Prudence
  • Temperance
  • Fortitude
  • Justice

17
Theological Virtues
Object is God
Faith
Hope
Charity
18
Cardinal Virtues
Means to Happiness
PRUDENCE
CARDINAL VIRTUES
FORTITUDE
JUSTICE
TEMPERANCE
19
Prudence
  • Good Decisions
  • Good Action

20
Temperance
  • Control of passions
  • Moderates and Directs

21
Fortitude
  • Overcoming obstacles
  • Firmness and constancy

22
Justice
  • Giving to each what is due to them
  • Mastery over instincts
  • Keeps desires within what is honorable

23
Maturity
  • Sound judgment
  • Self Control and Discipline
  • Responsible
  • Just

24
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26
Questions elicit common ground
  • What values are in a healthy family?
  • What qualities would you like to see in a
    friend?

27
VIRTUES
  • Virtues manifest love
  • They enable us to love well . . . to express
    love well
  • kindness, respect, trust, understanding,
    generosity, friendship, humility, patience,
    gentleness, forgiveness, tolerance . . . etc..

28
Virtues are good habits
  • God determines the moral good
  • Happiness is union with God.
  • Happiness in this life is conditional
  • Perfect happiness is possible only in the next
    life.

29
Common Goal with Non-believer
  • Union with God
  • Catholic Faith
  • Happiness
  • Virtues
  • Atheist
  • God without faith
  • Christian Non-Catholic
  • Happiness
  • Virtues

30
Suffering Pain
  • Pain is part of Life
  • Not just unhealthy family life
  • Pain reveals the presence of some evil
  • to overcome or to reject
  • Pain is part of healing and restoration
  • Suffering increases ones capacity for love for
    happiness

31
Virtues bring union
  • Union within ourselves
  • Mastery of our passions so that we might direct
    them to our purpose.

32
Virtues
  • Enable us to give ourselves to what we choose
  • Enable us to overcome obstacles to our love
  • Protect what we love.
  • Are the qualities of human maturity.

33
Spiritual Powers
Intellect-to know the truth
Will- to love the good
Physical powers
Passions Love, HateMemory Fear, DaringHope,
DespairPleasure, PainJoy, SadnessAnger
Cognitive
Internal Sense Memory Common sense Cogitative
Power Imagination
External Senses Sight, Touch, Taste, Hearing,
Smell
34
Vice is a bad habit
Virtue leads one to happiness God
Vice leads one away from happiness God
35
Each virtue is opposed by 2 vices
  • 1st The exact opposite
  • 2nd An excessive degree of the virtue

36
Too much of a good thing
  • Selfishness
  • Lying
  • Laziness
  • Disorder
  • Cowardice
  • Generosity
  • Sincerity
  • Industry
  • Order
  • Courage

Prodigality Deviousness Workaholic Neat
Freak Foolhardy
37
Sanctity is in the struggle
  • Moderation in all things
  • Movement, direction and intent are important

38
Virtue a good habit CCC 1803
  • A virtue is an habitual and firm disposition to
    do the good.
  • to perform good acts,
  • to give the best of himself.
  • The virtuous person
  • tends toward the good with all his sensory and
    spiritual powers
  • pursues the good and chooses it in concrete
    actions.

39
Disposition
  • A disposition is the ability to effect or suffer
    something according to an innate readiness of
    something for certain kinds of activity.
  • Faculty disposed well
  • Acts well with facility
  • Faculty disposed poorly
  • Acts with greater difficulty

40
How do we get Virtues?
  • Action
  • Repetition
  • Being
  • Becomes part of character
  • Value
  • Becomes something we value

41
What bad habits?
  • Obsession/Compulsion
  • Anger
  • Selfishness
  • Impurity
  • Greed
  • Sloth
  • Immodesty
  • Self-indulgence
  • Imprudence
  • Indecisiveness
  • Incivility
  • Distrust
  • Impatience
  • Intolerance
  • Pride
  • Disorder

42
Fight evil with good
  • Obsession/Compulsion-Moderation
  • Anger-Forgiveness
  • Greed-Selfishness-Generosity
  • Impurity-Purity, Chastity, Continence
  • Sloth-Industry, Diligence, Courage
  • Immodesty-Discretion, Modesty
  • Self-indulgence-Temperance, Mortification
  • Imprudence-Prudence
  • Indecisiveness-Decisiveness
  • Incivility-Respect
  • Distrust-Trust
  • Impatience-Patience
  • Intolerance-Tolerance
  • Pride-Humility
  • Disorder-Order

43
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