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Coarctation of the Aorta

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Coarctation of the Aorta. Sherly Fleurimont. BSC-2086 ... Coarctation of the aorta can be cured with surgery. Symptoms quickly get better after surgery. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Coarctation of the Aorta


1
Coarctation of the Aorta
  • Sherly Fleurimont
  • BSC-2086

2
FUNCTION OF THE AORTA
  • It is the bodys main artery.
  • It distributes oxygen-rich blood to all body
    parts except lungs.
  • The first branch of the aorta go to arms head.
  • Blood goes to abdomen and legs.

3
Coarctation of the aorta
  • It is a narrowing of part of the aorta between
    the upper part of the body artery branches and
    the branches of the lower body.
  • Blockage can cause
  • Increase blood pressure in arms and head
  • Reduce blood pressure in legs
  • Seriously strain heart.

4
SIGNS SYMPTOMS
  • Usually there arent any symptoms, but if
    obstruction is severe, you may
  • Not tolerate exercise.
  • Have headache.
  • Have leg pain after exertion.
  • Have chest pain or palpitation.
  • Dizziness, shortness of breath, nosebleed, cold
    feet or legs.
  • Pounding headache

5
DIAGNOSIS
  • Test to diagnose this condition may include
  • Physical exam
  • Take blood pressure in arms and legs
  • Check pulse in the femoral area
  • Chest x-ray
  • Electrocardiography
  • MRI of the chest
  • Cardiac Catheterization and aortography
  • Doppler ultrasound of the aorta

6
TREATMENT
  • Surgery is usually recommended
  • The narrowed part of the aorta will be removed.
  • If the problem area is small, the two free ends
    of the aorta may be reconnected. This procedure
    is called Anastomosis.
  • If a large part of the aorta is removed, a Dacron
    Graft (synthetic material) is used to fill the
    gap.
  • In some cases, balloon angioplasty may be
    done instead of surgery.

7
EXPECTATIONS
  • Coarctation of the aorta can be cured with
    surgery. Symptoms quickly get better after
    surgery.
  • Theres an increase risk for death due to heart
    problems among those with aorta repaired.
  • Without treatment, death occurs before age 40
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