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Raiders, Traders and Crusaders: Western Europe After the Fall of Rome.

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The Black Death 'The first signs of the plague were lumps in the groin or armpits. ... of the Black Death. In Medieval England, the Black Death was to kill ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Raiders, Traders and Crusaders: Western Europe After the Fall of Rome.


1
Raiders, Traders and Crusaders Western Europe
After the Fall of Rome.
  • World History A
  • Seminar 5

Warm Up Answer question 2 on page 148.
Which Germanic peoples moved into Britain?

2
Warm Up Question Answer
  • Answer question 2 on page 148. Which
    Germanic peoples moved into Britain?
  • Angles, Saxons and Jutes

Click on red underlined words in this
presentation to follow the hyperlink to more
information.
3
Vikings The Raiders
  • In the period from 800 to 1050 A.D., the Nordic
    peoples made their dramatic entry into the
    European arena. They stormed forth, terrorizing
    well established societies which were accustomed
    to war, but not to the startling tactics of the
    Vikings.
  • They even sailed as far west as North America.

4
Vikings The Raiders
Click on the map for an excellent interactive
site about Vikings
5
The Rise of Europe 500-1300
  • (Textbook page 183)
  • The Early Middle Ages
  • During the early Middle Ages, Europe was a
    relatively backward region cut off from the
    advanced civilizations of Byzantium, the Middle
    East, China and India. Between 700 and 1000,
    Europe was battered by invaders. Slowly a new
    civilization would emerge that blended
    Greco-Roman, Germanic and Christian traditions.

6
The Rise of Europe 500-1300
From World History Connections to Today
Prentice Hall, 2003
7
Kingdom of the Franks 400-768
  • Franks invaded Gaul in the area now called
    France. (400-700)
  • Frankish King Clovis (486) first to conquer
    Gaul.
  • Clovis converted to Christianity and brought the
    religion to the region.
  • Frankish King Charles Martel (732) kept Muslim
    invaders from Spain out of France. Stopped spread
    of Islam in Europe at the Battle of Tours.

From World History Connections to Today
Prentice Hall, 2003
8
Empire of Charlemagne 768-843
  • Loved battle
  • Christian emperor.
  • 800 aided Pope Leo III put down rebellious nobles
    in Rome.
  • Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne Emperor of the
    Romans.
  • Cemented Christian rule in Europe.
  • Outraged Byzantine Emperor who saw himself as
    Roman successor.

From World History Connections to Today
Prentice Hall, 2003
9
Legacy of Charlemagne (Holy Roman Empire)
  • Revival of Latin learning
  • Extended Christian civilization into northern
    Europe
  • Set up strong, efficient governments.
  • Began Holy Roman Empire. (Germany)
  • Could not repel further Viking and Magyar
    invasions.

Click on the picture for web link.
10
Feudalism Textbook page 186 - 192
Define Feudalism.
Feudalism loosely organized system of government
in which local lords governed their own lands but
owed military service and other support to a
greater lord.
Click on the picture for information on feudal
life
11
Feudalism Textbook page 186 - 192
Use your textbook to complete the chart.
12
Traders in Medieval Europe 1000-1300 (Textbook
page 198)
  • Advanced agricultural techniques harness,
    windmill, crop rotation improved lifespan and
    increased population
  • Trade revived with new trade routes
  • Trade fairs and guilds appeared. Define
    guild
  • Guild association of merchants or artisans who
    cooperated to protect their economic interests.

13
Traders in Medieval Europe 1000-1300 (Textbook
page 198)
From World History Connections to Today
Prentice Hall, 2003
14
High Middle Ages 1050-1450
  • Textbook, page 206
  • Feudal monarchies headed European society, but
    had little power.
  • Angles, Saxons and Vikings invaded and settled in
    England.
  • 1066 - Anglo Saxon king of England, Edward died.
  • William of Normandy, Edwards brother in law,
    invaded England and took control at Battle of
    Hastings.
  • French was spoken in the English court for the
    next 200 years.

William of Normandy
Norman ship
15
Foundation of English Common Law
  • 1066 - William I creates Domesday Book for
    purposes of fair tax collection.
  • 1154 - Henry II broadened system of royal
    justice. Laid the foundation for English Legal
    system. Began English Common Law.
  • Define common law
  • Common law - a legal system based on custom and
    court rulings.
  • King John I signs Magna Carta which limited the
    power of the king.

16
Magna Carta - 1215
  • No royal official shall take goods from any man
    without immediate payment.
  • No free man shall be imprisoned except by the
    lawful judgment of his equals or by the law of
    the land.
  • In future no official shall place a man on trial
    without producing credible witnesses.
  • Courts shall be held in a fixed place at a fixed
    time.
  • The barons shall elect a House of Lords for the
    creation of laws.
  • The English church shall be free.
  • For a trivial offence, a free man shall be fined
    only in proportion to the degree of his offence.

Due Process of Law
17
The Crusades
  • 1050s Seljuk Turks invade Byzantine Empire.
    Extend power over Palestine to the Holy Land and
    attack Christian pilgrims
  • 1095 Byzantine Emperor Alexius I asks Pope
    Urban for help in ridding his empire of Muslim
    invaders.
  • Pope Urban agrees to help. Hopes to consolidate
    his own power, end schism between Rome and
    Constantinople and keep Christian knights from
    fighting one another.

Click on the picture for a link to the Crusades.
18
The Crusades
  • 1099 Christian knights capture Jerusalem.
  • 1187 Muslim soldiers under Saladin recapture
    Jerusalem.
  • 1198 Pope Innocent III takes office. Claims
    supremacy over all other rulers.
  • The Church becomes the most powerful body in
    Europe.
  • Crusades continue for next 200 years.

19
The Crusades
From World History Connections to Today
Prentice Hall, 2003
20
Effects of the Crusades on Europe
  • Economic expansion increased trade with the
    Middle East and Byzantine Empire
  • Growth of Italian trading families.
  • Growth of money economy
  • Increased power of the monarchs.
  • Increased power of the Church
  • Wider world view
  • Reconquista in Spain Muslims and Jews forced to
    leave or convert.

21
The Final Invader The Black Death
  • The Black Death was one of the worst natural
    disasters in history. In 1347 A.D., a great
    plague swept over Europe,  ravaged  cities
    causing  widespread  hysteria  and death. One
    third of the population of Europe died. "The
    impact upon the future of England was greater
    than upon any other European country."
    (Cartwright, 1991) The primary culprits in
    transmitting this disease were oriental rat fleas
    carried on the back of black rats .

Frederick F. Cartwright, DISEASE AND HISTORY,
Dorset Press, New York, 1991, p. 42.
22
The Final Invader The Spread of the Black Death
23
The Final Invader The Black Death
  • "The first signs of the plague were lumps in the
    groin or armpits. After this, livid black spots
    appeared on the arms and thighs and other parts
    of the body. Few recovered. Almost all died
    within three days, usually without any fever."

24
The Final Invader The Effects of the Black Death
  • In Medieval England, the Black Death was to kill
    1.5 million people out of an estimated total of 4
    million people between 1348 and 1350. No medical
    knowledge existed in Medieval England to cope
    with the disease. After 1350, it was to strike
    England another six times by the end of the
    century.
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