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The Black Death

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The Black Death. Late Medieval Period. http://www.fidnet.com/~weid/plague.htm. The Black Death ... These rats killed off the black rats and their fur is ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Black Death


1
The Black Death
  • Late Medieval Period

http//www.fidnet.com/weid/plague.htm
2
The Black Death
  • Begins around 1347
  • AKA Bubonic Plague
  • Lasts only 5 years, until 1352
  • Kills almost 1/3 of Europes population 25
    million

http//www.fidnet.com/weid/plague.htm
3
The Plagues Route
http//historymedren.about.com/library/weekly/aapm
aps4.htm
4
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5
http//www.d.umn.edu/cla/faculty/tbacig/hmcl1005/p
lague/
6
Heres the Culprit!
http//www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/images/flea.jpg
7
Where did it come from?
  • Started with fleas on rats in Asia
  • Traveled to Europe by trade
  • Once the goods were unloaded and the rats got
    out, the fleas bit humans.
  • Thus, they contracted the disease.

8
Symptoms
  • High fever
  • Swollen glands
  • Purplish spots under skin
  • Sometimes bulged and turned black

http//www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/plague/diagnosis.h
tm
9
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10
For all of you doctors ?
  • Bubonic plague is a bacillus carried by parasites
    on the back of rodents. It was mostly carried on
    the backs of black rats.
  • The plague mainly spread through flea bites.
    However, it could spread from human to human when
    it became pneumonic plague.
  • Because of the rapid spread, and many
    inconsistencies, many scientists believe another
    disease was also present, possibly anthrax (from
    eating infected cows).

11
Continued
  • The spread is believed to have been stopped by
    the arrival of larger brown rats.
  • These rats killed off the black rats and their
    fur is thicker and not as inviting for fleas.

12
What to Do With the Dead?
  • Plague spread so quickly, couldnt keep up with
    burials.
  • Many bodies left in the street, which possibly
    further contaminated people.

http//nhs.needham.k12.ma.us/cur/eng97_8/remsen/sa
ki_justin/the_plague.htm
13
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14
Effects
  • Enormous reduction in population labor shortage
  • Trade disrupted
  • Food shortages and starvation follow
  • Many societies become lawless.
  • In this sore affliction and misery of our city,
    the authority of the laws, both human and divine,
    was all dissolved and fell into decay.
    Boccaccio
  • Jews became a scapegoat (Pogrom anti-Jewish
    massacres)

15
Jewish Pogrom in Strasbourg, Germany
  • On Saturdaythey burnt the Jews on a wooden
    platform in their cemetery. There were about
    2,000 people of them. Many small children were
    taken out of the fire and baptized against the
    will of their fathers and mothers. Jacob von
    Konigshofen
  • The money was indeed the thing that killed the
    Jews. If they had been poor and if the feudal
    lords had not been in debt to them, they would
    not have been burnt

16
What about the manors?
  • Not enough labor
  • Serfs realize they can bargain for pay now
  • Nobles had no other choice but to pay serfs for
    services now
  • This is another factor leading to Feudalism
    breaking down.

17
And the Church
  • People lost faith in Church
  • Thought that holy people should have been able to
    stop plague or cure it
  • Also, priests began to stop seeing the dying for
    fear they would contract the disease.

http//nhs.needham.k12.ma.us/cur/eng97_8/remsen/sa
ki_justin/the_plague.htm
18
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19
The Plague Today
http//www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/plague/world98.htm
20
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21
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