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Head down for birth. Signs of Impeding Birth. False labor o

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Head down for birth. Signs of Impeding Birth. False labor or prelabor - weeks before ... Measured 1 and 5 minutes after birth. Apgar Totals. 7 10 Healthy, no ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Head down for birth. Signs of Impeding Birth. False labor o


1
Birth the Newborn Baby
  • Dennis H. Karpowitz
  • Psychology 333
  • Child Psychology

2
Head down for birth
3
Signs of Impeding Birth
  • False labor or prelabor - weeks before
  • 2 weeks before - head drops
  • Hormones initiate labor process
  • Bloody show - cervix widens

4
Stage 1 Labor
  • Longest stage - 12-14 hrs 1st, 4-6 hrs 2nd
  • Dilation effacement of the cervix
  • Uterine contractions, forceful regular
  • Cervix opens completely

5
Stage 2 Delivery
  • 50 min. 1st, 20 min 2nd
  • Mother pushes baby down out
  • Episiotomy
  • Babys head crowns
  • The baby is born

6
Stage 3 Placenta
  • 5-10 minutes
  • Final contractions cause the placentato separate
    from the uterine wall be delivered
  • Umbilical cord clamped and cut

7
Hollywood picture of a birth
8
Actual picture at birth
9
Babys Adaptation to Birth
  • Contractions release stress hormones
  • Extra blood to brain and heart
  • Breathing readiness increased
  • Increases alertness

10
Newborns Appearance
  • Average 20 7 lbs.
  • Boys slightly longer heavier
  • Head large, limbs short
  • Round face, chubby cheeks, largeforeheads and
    big eyes
  • Rashes from hormones plugged ducts

11
Apgar Scale (0, 1, 2)
  • Heart Rate 0 - lt100 - 100-140
  • Respiration 0, irregular, strong crying
  • Reflex Irritability none, weak, strong
  • Muscle Tone limp, weak, strong
  • Color blue, pink body blue arms,all pink
  • Measured 1 and 5 minutes after birth

12
Apgar Totals
  • 7 10 Healthy, no intervention necessary
  • 4-6 Caution, some intervention necessary
  • Help breathing necessary
  • 1-3 Immediate life saving intervention necessary

13
Childbirth Practices
  • Hospital Least family conducive, improving
    - Best medical care
  • Birthing Centers More family conducive -
    Some medical care
  • At home - Most family centered - Little or no
    medical care
  • Doulas, coaches, midwives and physicians

14
Natural Childbirth
  • Classes and Education
  • Relaxation and breathing techniques
  • Training of labor coaches
  • Sitting up vs. lying down
  • Less pain, more social support

15
Birthing Chair
16
Medical Interventions During Birth
  • Fetal Monitoring
  • Medication
  • 80-95 of deliveries
  • Anagesics releave pain, relax mother
  • Anesthetics - block sensation
  • Example Epidural anesthesia slows delivery
  • Medication effects baby

17
Instrument Delivery
  • Forceps - metal clamps
  • Vacuum extractor
  • 12 U.S., 5 Europe

18
Induced labor
  • Break amnion sack
  • Give hormones such as synthetic oxytocin
  • Used to help stressed mother or baby
  • Stimulates contractions
  • Contractions longer, harder, closer together
  • Greater use of instruments

19
Cesarean Delivery
  • Surgical birth
  • 25 in US, 2004, highest in the world
  • May not always be warranted
  • Labor failure, size of baby mother
  • Baby more sleepy unresponsive

20
Healthy Babies
  • By far the most common (_at_ 95)
  • 2 lt 32 weeks, 1.47 lt 3lbs 4 oz (2004)
  • Increase probability of a healthy infant
  • Avoid teratogens
  • Eat a healthy diet of nutritious foods
  • Engage in regular, moderate exercise
  • Minimize stress
  • Have regular prenatal checkups
  • Dont be too young or too old
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