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Advancing Commitments

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Knowledge of the signs of life-threatening complications before, during, and ... A skilled birth attendant is a midwife, nurse, or doctor who has been trained to ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Advancing Commitments


1
SAFE MOTHERHOOD
2
Safe motherhood
Safe motherhood is a womans ability to have a
safe and healthy pregnancy and delivery.
Nearly every minute, one woman dies from the
complications of pregnancy and childbirth.
That is more than 500,000 women dying each
year 99 of these deaths occur in the developing
world.
3
Causes of maternal deaths worldwide
Complications of pregnancy and childbirth are the
leading causes of death and disability for women
aged 15 to 49 in developing countries.
4
Why is maternal mortality so high?
Maternal death and disability is a tragedy that
has no single cause or solution.
Contributing factors include Difficulty of
predicting and/or preventing obstetric complicatio
ns Lack of access to good quality maternal health
services Poor health before and during
pregnancy Womens low social and economic status
5
What are the social and economic costs of unsafe
motherhood?
Long or short term illness As many as 300 million
women are suffering from physical ailments
related to pregnancy and childbirth. Infant
mortality Children are 3-10 times more likely to
die when they lose their mothers. Family
poverty A womans death or illness perpetuates
and increases household poverty.
safe motherhood
( 5 )
6
Family and community involvement can make
motherhood safer
By promoting
Proper nutrition before and during
pregnancy Reduced workload during pregnancy and
after delivery Knowledge of the signs of
life-threatening complications before, during,
and after delivery and where/when to seek
appropriate care Planned delivery with a skilled
birth attendant
7
Ensuring access to maternal health services can
save lives
Life-saving maternal health services can be
provided to women at a minimal cost of US2 per
person per year in low-income countries. Essential
services include Skilled birth attendants
before, during, and after delivery Essential
obstetric care for management of
complications Postpartum family planning
counseling and contraception Postabortion care
safe motherhood
( 7 )
8
What is a skilled birth attendant?
A skilled birth attendant is a midwife, nurse, or
doctor who has been trained to proficiency in the
skills necessary to
manage normal deliveries diagnose, manage, and/or
refer obstetric complications Only 53 of
deliveries in the developing world are attended
by a skilled attendant, and only 40 take place
in a hospital or health center.
9
Reducing maternal mortality in low GNP countries
Sri Lanka reduced its national maternal mortality
ratio from 1,650 per 100,000 live births to just
23 per 100,000 in the last 50 years. Achieved
through increased access to health facilities,
expansion of midwifery care, and acceptance of
family planning. Malaysia increased the
percentage of women delivering with a skilled
attendant from 57 to 98 in the last 20 years.
The countrys maternal mortality ratio declined
from 570 per 100,000 live births to 20 per
100,000, in the last 43 years. Achieved through
political commitment to public health, support of
midwifery throughout health system, and the
institution of maternal death audits.
10
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