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Salvation History

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Title: Salvation History


1
Salvation History
2
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • Overview In this chapter you'll learn
  • 1. The "big picture" overview of Salvation
    History-which will be explored step-by-step later
    in the course
  • 2. The definition of "covenant" and how it is the
    key concept that links the Old Testament stories
    to
  • the mission of Christ and
  • the continuing mission of the Catholic Church
  • 3. How to understand the Genesis stories of
    creation
  • 4. How fundamental Catholic doctrines on marriage
    and the family are logically based on a proper
    understanding of the covenant with Adam

3
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • Why study Bible history from the perspective of
    God's covenants with mankind?
  • 1. With a better understanding of Scripture,
    today we as Catholics can enter into more fully
    the liturgical worship of the family of God, the
    Catholic Church.
  • 2. The Old Testament can be understood as a
    sequence or series of covenants that God
    established down through the ages leading up the
    coming of Christ.

4
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • The Mind of the Church
  • The Old Testament is an indispensable part of
    Sacred Scripture. Its books are divinely inspired
    and retain a permanent value, for the Old
    Covenant has never been revoked. (CCC 121)

5
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • The Five Old Testament Covenants

6
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • How to understand "covenant"
  • "Covenant" is NOT interchangeable with the word
    contract
  • "Contracts" exchange property, goods, and
    services "covenants" exchange persons
  • In a covenant you say, I am yours, and you are
    mine."
  • Covenant creates what type of bond? A sacred
    family bond

7
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • In ancient Israel, there was no word for family.
    so it is suggested that the word used was
    covenant.

8
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • What is God doing in the series of covenants?
  • He is "fathering His family.
  • He is trying to reunify this family, which has
    been broken by sin.
  • When Jesus comes, He does NOT abolish the Old
    Covenant law,
  • He completes and perfects it.

9
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • The Greek word for international is "Catholic.
  • Jesus transforms David's national, political
    kingdom into an international, spiritual kingdom,
    which is the Catholic Church.

10
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • The Catholic Church is the sacramental family of
    God.
  • It will accomplish what? The supernatural
    reunification of God's family.
  • How the sacraments unite us in the Catholic
    family
  • 1. Baptism gives us the family name of the
    Trinity which is the eternal, original family.
  • 2. The Eucharist perfects and strengthens the
    family bond by feeding us the flesh and blood of
    Christ, the second Adam.
  • 3. In the Church, we become adopted members of
    the Trinity as our family

11
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • Mind of the Church
  • God, infinitely perfect and blessed in himself,
    in a plan of sheer goodness freely created man to
    make him share in his own blessed life. For this
    reason, at every time and in every place, God
    draws close to man. He calls man to seek him, to
    know him, to love him with all his strength. He
    calls together all men, scattered and divided by
    sin, into the unity of his family, the Church. To
    accomplish this, when the fullness of time had
    come, God sent his Son as Redeemer and Savior. In
    his Son and through him, he invites men to
    become, in the Holy Spirit, his adopted children
    and thus heirs of his blessed life. (CCC 1)
  • God's plan...unfolds in the work of creation,
    the whole history of salvation after the fall,
    and the missions of the Son and the Spirit, which
    are continued in the mission of the Church. (CCC
    257)

12
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • The creation accountsGenesis
  • What is the Catholic teaching regarding the
    Bible?
  • The Bible is inspired by God, meaning God is the
    principal author and the human authors are
    instruments that God uses.
  • The Bible has no error even in the history that
    it teaches, but Hebrew/religious history is
    expressed differently than we do today.

13
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • Differences between Biblical history and modern
    Western history include
  • Western history is sequential or in chronological
    sequence.
  • Hebrew (or "religious") history is elliptical,
    circular-not always in the order events occurred.
  • Religious history uses symbols and figures to
    express the meaning behind historical events.
  • Religious history uses different literary types
    (poetry, etc.).

14
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • Mind of the Church
  • "To interpret Scripture correctly, the reader
    must be attentive to what the human authors truly
    wanted to affirm and to what God wanted to reveal
    to us by their words. In order to discover the
    sacred authors' intention, the reader must take
    into account the conditions of their time and
    culture, the literary genres in use at that time,
    and the modes of feeling, speaking, and narrating
    then current." (CCC 109-110)

15
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • The Word of God
  • John 11-3 "In the beginning was the Word, and
    the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He
    was in the beginning with God all things were
    made through him, and without him was not
    anything made that was made." Col 116-17 In
    Jesus Christ "all things were created, in heaven
    and on earth ... all things were created through
    him and for him. He is before all things, and in
    him all things hold together."

16
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • The Mind of the Church
  • The New Testament reveals that God created
    everything by the eternal Word, his beloved Son.
    (CCC 291)

17
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • The 6 Days of Creation
  • Formless Empty
  • Day 1 Day 4
  • Separate Create
  • Light/Dark Sun, Moon, Stars
  • Day 2 Day 5
  • Separate Create
  • Waters Above/ Flying Creatures
  • Waters Below Sea Creatures
  • Day 3 Day 6
  • Separate Create
  • Water/Land Land Animals Humans
  • (Plants) (Plants for Food)

18
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • DIGGING DEEPER - Church Doctrines that come from
    Genesis
  • 1 . The Doctrine of Creation
  • 2. The Doctrine of Man
  • 3. The Doctrine of Marriage

19
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • I. The Doctrine of Creation
  • Evolution vs. creation
  • Can a Catholic believe in evolution? Yes
  • Why? Because creation tells us where matter came
    from and evolution tells us how it developed to
    become what it is today.
  • The "evolutionary" theories can't tell us the
    origin of matter, just how matter developed after
    it was created.

20
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • Mind of the Church
  • Wherefore, the magisterium of the Church does not
    forbid that the teaching of evolution be treated
    in accord with the present status of human
    disciplines and of theology, by investigations
    and disputations by learned men in both fields
    insofar, of course, as the inquiry is concerned
    with the origin of the human body arising from
    already existing and living matter...
  • (Pius XII, encyclical Humani generis (1950) DS
    3896)
  • God declares that all creation is very good.

21
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • Word of God
  • Genesis 131 "And God saw everything that he had
    made, and behold, it was very good."
  • Therefore, it is wrong to believe that flesh is
    evil and just the spirit is good.
  • In fact, God through Jesus Christ used our body
    to redeem us and restore us to relationship with
    Himself.

22
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • Mind of the Church
  • The human body shares in the dignity of "the
    image of God" it is a human body precisely
    because it is animated by a spiritual soul, and
    it is the whole human person that is intended to
    become, in the body of Christ, a temple of the
    Spirit Man, though made of body and soul, is a
    unity... For this reason man may not despise his
    bodily life. Rather he is obliged to regard his
    body as good and to hold it in honor since God
    has created it and will raise it up on the last
    day. (CCC 364)

23
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • Word of God
  • Genesis 126-28 God said, "Let us make man in our
    image, after our likeness....So God created man
    in his own image, in the image of God he created
    him male and female he created them. And God
    blessed them...
  • Genesis 53 When Adam had lived 130 years, he had
    a son in his own likeness, in his own image and
    he named him Seth.
  • Therefore, when God created us, He created us in
    a father-son relationship so we are truly
    children of God.
  • What does "image and likeness" mean in Gen 53?
    To father a son.
  • Therefore, when God created us, he created us in
    a father-son relationship, so we are truly
    children of God.

24
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • Why are there two creation stories?
  • The two stories Gen 1 and Gen 2 are
    complementary
  • First, God transforms the cosmos into a home and
    the creatures into His children (Genesis 1)
  • Then, God fashions man into a married couple
    (Genesis 2)

25
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • Four truths the creation accounts in Genesis
    teach us
  • 1. We learn that all human life has sacred
    dignity from pre-born to the natural end of life,
    because each person is formed in the image of
    God.
  • Mind of the Church
  • Every human life, from the moment of conception
    until death, is sacred because the human person
    has been willed for its own sake in the image and
    likeness of the living and holy God. (CCC 2319)

26
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • 2. We learn that human labor has a certain value,
    because work is not a curse but a blessing. We
    work in imitation of God for six days and rest on
    the seventh.
  • Mind of the Church
  • The sign of man's familiarity with God is that
    God places him in the garden. There he lives "to
    till it and keep it." Work is not yet a burden,
    but rather the collaboration of man and woman
    with God in perfecting the visible creation. (CCC
    378)
  • God's action is the model for human action. If
    God "rested and was refreshed" on the seventh
    day, man too ought to "rest" and should let
    others, especially the poor, "be refreshed." (CCC
    2172).

27
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • 3. We learn the centrality of worship as a part
    of human nature.
  • Mind of the Church
  • The celebration of Sunday observes the moral
    commandment inscribed by nature in the human
    heart to render to God an outward, visible,
    public, and regular worship "as a sign of his
    universal beneficence to all." (CCC 2176)
  • 4. We learn that all mankind is one family of
    God.

28
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • III. The Doctrine of Marriage
  • How many of the world's religions require "strict
    monogamy" (just 1 husband and 1 wife)? One
    -Christianity
  • Marriage is divinely instituted strict monogamy
    is rooted in the nature of man at the moment of
    our creation.
  • Word of God
  • Genesis 127 So God created man in his own image,
    in the image of God he created him male and
    female he created them. (28) And God blessed
    them, and God said to them, "Be fruitful and
    multiply, and fill the earth and subdue it and
    have dominion over the fish of the sea and over
    the birds of the air and over every living thing
    that moves upon the earth." Genesis 224
    Therefore a man leaves his father and his mother
    and cleaves to his wife, and they become one
    flesh.

29
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • Jesus was asked by the Pharisees about divorce
    and He made clear that marriage is indissoluble.
  • Word of God
  • Matthew 193-6 And Pharisees came up to Him
    Jesus and tested Him by asking, "Is it lawful
    to divorce one's wife for any cause?" He
    answered, "Have you not read that he who made
    them from the beginning made them male and
    female, and said, 'For this reason a man shall
    leave his father and mother and be joined to his
    wife, and the two shall become one flesh? So they
    are no longer two but one flesh. What therefore
    God has joined together, let not man put
    asunder."
  • Marriage becomes indissoluble meaning,
    permanent when consummated with sexual
    intercourse.

30
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • Mind of the Church
  • The married couple forms "the intimate
    partnership of life and love established by the
    Creator and governed by his laws it is rooted in
    the conjugal covenant, that is, in their
    irrevocable personal consent." Both give
    themselves definitively and totally to one
    another. They are no longer two from now on they
    form one flesh. The covenant they freely
    contracted imposes on the spouses the obligation
    to preserve it as unique and indissoluble. (CCC
    2364)
  • Marriage has two purposes
  • 1. We are in a sense co-creators with God in the
    act of marriage, helping build up God's family.
  • 2. Marriage also has a "unitive" purpose, so the
    two become one flesh.

31
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • Summary
  • The "Doctrine of Creation" teaches us that our
    bodies are good and that our sexual instincts can
    be harnessed to serve glorious ends.
  • The "Doctrine of Marriage" teaches that we are
    created to be in an indissoluble covenant with
    our spouse and that the covenant is made by God
    to be fruitful.
  • Contraception - violates God's blessing to "be
    fruitful and multiply" (Genesis 128 - above)
  • All the Protestant denominations taught that
    contraception was wrong until only the last 70
    years.

32
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • Mind of the Church
  • The regulation of births represents one of the
    aspects of responsible fatherhood and motherhood.
    Legitimate intentions on the part of the spouses
    do not justify recourse to morally unacceptable
    means (for example, direct sterilization or
    contraception). (CCC 2399)

33
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • The Church is also the family of God in the
    eternal, everlasting sense.
  • Mary - our Mother
  • Pope - our Holy Father
  • Priests - sacramental father
  • Saints - older brothers and sisters
  • Eucharist - family table

34
One Holy Family From Adam to Noah
  • Satan doesn't directly lie, but uses the truth in
    a deceptive way
  • Satan emphasizes the negative in God's
    prohibition
  • Satan twists meaning of the word die to refer
    to physical death when God meant spiritual
    death

35
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36
One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • Chapter Two - One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and
    Jacob
  • In this chapter you'll learn
  • How the scope of the covenants gradually expands
    from Adam through Noah to Abraham
  • The repercussions of repeated infidelity to the
    first (marital) covenant which continue to plague
    the Jews even today
  • How the three promises made to Abraham will be
    fulfilled in the remaining covenants
  • A thorough explanation of how the first 22
    chapters of Genesis all fit together and are
    fulfilled with the coming of Jesus Christ

37
One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • God's response to the Fall of Adam and Eve
  • Word of God
  • Genesis Chapter 3 - (14) The LORD God said to
    the serpent, "Because you have done this, cursed
    are you above all cattle, and above all wild
    animals upon your belly you shall go, and dust
    you shall eat all the days of your life. (15) I
    will put enmity between you and the woman, and
    between your seed and her seed he shall bruise
    your head, and you shall bruise his heel."

38
One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • The hinge on which the rest of salvation history
    will turn
  • What are the two "seeds"?
  • - The line of Satan is the line of Cain
  • - The line of the woman is Seth
  • Eve's firstborn is named Cain, who is the first
    Old Testament example of a "wicked firstborn" who
    succumbs to pride of place in the family.
  • God will have to pass over the firstborn in order
    to get to the righteous son who will live out
    God's righteousness.

39
One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • Cain kills Abel due to envy.
  • - Jealousy is trying to get for yourself the same
    advantage someone else has
  • - Envy is trying to destroy the other person's
    advantage

40
One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • Word of God
  • Genesis Chapter 4 (23) Lamech said to his
    wives "Adah and Zillah, hear my voice you wives
    of Lamech, hearken to what I say I have slain a
    man for wounding me, a young man for striking me.
    (24) If Cain is avenged sevenfold, truly Lamech
    seventy-sevenfold."
  • (23) This is the first example of bigamy in the
    Bible
  • (24) Satan's family reaches its (a)completeness
    in Lamech.

41
One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • (25) And Adam knew his wife again, and she bore a
    son and called his name Seth, for she said, "God
    has appointed for me another child instead of
    Abel, for Cain slew him." (26) To Seth also a son
    was born, and he called his name Enosh. At that
    time men began to call upon the name of the LORD.
  • (26) "to call upon the name" means worship..
  • The Hebrew word for name "Shem."

42
One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • The lines of Seth and Cain before the Flood
  • Word of God
  • Genesis Chapter 6 (1) When men began to multiply
    on the face of the ground, and daughters were
    born to them, (2) the sons of God saw that the
    daughters of men were fair and they took to wife
    such of them as they chose. (3) Then the LORD
    said, "My spirit shall not abide in man for ever,
    for he is flesh, but his days shall be a hundred
    and twenty years." (4) The Nephilim were on the
    earth in those days, and also afterward, when the
    sons of God came in to the daughters of men, and
    they bore children to them. These were the mighty
    men that were of old, the men of renown.
  • (4) In Hebrew, these are "men of Shem" (who are
    trying to make a "name" for themselves)

43
One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • Who are the sons of God in Genesis 5? The
    Sethites
  • The men of the line of Seth were marrying with
    the women of the line of Cain.
  • The text also implies these marriages were
    polygamous.
  • Marital infidelity in the Old Testament is what
    always brings God's curse
  • God's judgment in this case is the flood.

44
One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • The covenant with Noah
  • Word of God
  • Genesis Chapter 9 (8) Then God said to Noah and
    to his sons with him, (9) "Behold, I establish my
    covenant with you and your descendants after you,
    (10) and with every living creature that is with
    you, the birds, the cattle, and every beast of
    the earth with you, as many as came out of the
    ark. (11) I establish my covenant with you, that
    never again shall all flesh be cut off by the
    waters of a flood, and never again shall there be
    a flood to destroy the earth.
  • (8-10) Covenant made with Noah and the family
    under his authority

45
One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
46
One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • Genesis Chapter 9 (20) Noah was the first tiller
    of the soil. He planted a vineyard (21) and he
    drank of the wine, and became drunk, and lay
    uncovered in his tent. (22) And Ham, the father
    of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and
    told his two brothers outside. (23) Then Shem and
    Japheth took a garment, laid it upon both their
    shoulders, and walked backward and covered the
    nakedness of their father their faces were
    turned away, and they did not see their father's
    nakedness. (24) When Noah awoke from his wine and
    knew what his youngest son had done to him, (25)
    he said, "Cursed be Canaan a slave of slaves
    shall he be to his brothers."

47
One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • (22) "to look upon the nakedness" is a Hebrew
    idiom for incest
  • (25) Canaan is the son resulting from Ham's
    incestuous union with his own mother
  • This sort of incest was common as part of
    Canaanite religious worship and fertility cults.
  • See Leviticus 187..." You shall not uncover the
    nakedness of your father, which is the nakedness
    of your mother she is your mother, you shall not
    uncover her nakedness."
  • Why did Ham do this? He was trying to overthrow
    his father. Throughout the Old Testament, if you
    want to topple your father, you sleep with his
    wife or his concubines.

48
One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • The Land of Canaan
  • Shem was Noah's righteous first-born son.
  • The Promised Land that the Jews were supposed to
    enter was not supposed to be known as "Canaan."
    It was supposed to be Shems land.
  • That's why God gives the Jews the order to take
    it back from the Canaanites.
  • The sons of Ham are the nations that are the
    worst enemies of Israel Egypt, Canaan, Assyria,
    Babylon, and the Philistines.

49
One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • The Tower of Babel
  • Word of God
  • Genesis Chapter 11 (1) Now the whole earth had
    one language and few words. (2) And as men
    migrated from the east, they found a plain in the
    land of Shinar and settled there. (3) And they
    said to one another, "Come, let us make bricks,
    and burn them thoroughly." And they had brick for
    stone, and bitumen for mortar. (4) Then they
    said, "Come, let us build ourselves a city, and a
    tower with its top in the heavens, and let us
    make a name for ourselves, lest we be scattered
    abroad upon the face of the whole earth."
  • (4) "make a 'Shem'" in Hebrew - meaning they are
    repudiating the crown prince, Noah's firstborn
    Shem

50
One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • God's response to Babel the "rescue mission" for
    the world
  • Word of God
  • Genesis Chapter 12 (1) Now the LORD said to
    Abram, "Go from your country and your kindred and
    your father's house to the land that I will show
    you. (2) And I will make of you a great nation,
    and I will bless you, and make your name great,
    so that you will be a blessing. (3) I will bless
    those who bless you, and him who curses you I
    will curse and by you all the families of the
    earth shall bless themselves."
  • (2) "make your 'Shem' great" in Hebrew

51
One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • Three promises
  • (a) I will give you this land.
  • (b) I will make your name great- in Hebrew means
    give you a dynasty.
  • (c) I will make you a blessing for the whole
    world.

52
One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • Next three covenants given to seal these
    promises
  • (a) Land given with the first covenant.
  • (b) Great name, dynasty, or kingdom given with
    the second covenant.
  • (c) Blessing of the entire world given with the
    third covenant.

53
One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • Genesis 12 Abram's journeys of faith
  • - Called from UR of the Chaldeans
  • - Travels to Canaan - but famine forces him to
    leave
  • - Goes down to Egypt.
  • - Leaves Egypt enriched.

54
One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • Genesis 13-14 Abram and Lot
  • - Abram splits the land with Lot (Abraham's
    nephew) --- Lot takes the richest land
  • - Lot is captured in a war, and Abram rescues him
  • - Abram gives one-tenth of the booty to the
    priest-king of Salem, Melchizedek

55
One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • Genesis 16 Abram's first offspring
  • - Sarai's maid Hagar made pregnant by Abram
  • - Son named Ishmael
  • - This act - although Sarai encouraged it -
    violates the marriage covenant

56
One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • Genesis 17 2nd covenant and name change
  • - 13 years later God changes Abram's name to
    Abraham meaning "father of a vast multitude" and
    Sarai's name to Sarah meaning "Queen Mother"
  • - God promises a son - Isaac, which means
    laughter
  • - God gives Abraham the sign of the covenant
    circumcision of all males

57
One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • Genesis 18-19 Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah
  • - Abraham negotiates to save the towns if he can
    find ten righteous people
  • - Only Lot and his two daughters survive
  • - Daughters then commit incest with him,
    resulting in sons, Ammon and Moab
  • - They become the fathers of two more anti-Jewish
    ethnic groups

58
One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • Genesis 21 Isaac
  • - Isaac is born, and this finally divides Sarah
    and Hagar.
  • Genesis 22 The test before the 3rd covenant
  • Word of God
  • Genesis 22 (1) After these things God tested
    Abraham, and said to him, "Abraham!" And he said,
    "Here am I." (2) He said, "Take your son, your
    only son Isaac, whom you love, and go to the land
    of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt
    offering upon one of the mountains of which I
    shall tell you."
  • (2) Isaac was probably in his teens'

59
One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • (3) So Abraham rose early in the morning,
    saddled his ass, and took two of his young men
    with him, and his son Isaac and he cut the wood
    for the burnt offering, and arose and went to the
    place of which God had told him. (4) On the third
    day Abraham lifted up his eyes and saw the place
    afar off. (5) Then Abraham said to his young men,
    "Stay here with the ass I and the lad will go
    yonder and worship, and come again to you."
  • (5) This indicates Abraham may have had a trace
    of faith in his son's safety

60
One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • (3) So Abraham rose early in the morning,
    saddled his ass, and took two of his young men
    with him, and his son Isaac and he cut the wood
    for the burnt offering, and arose and went to the
    place of which God had told him. (4) On the third
    day Abraham lifted up his eyes and saw the place
    afar off. (5) Then Abraham said to his young men,
    "Stay here with the ass I and the lad will go
    yonder and worship, and come again to you.
  • (5) This indicates Abraham may have had a trace
    of faith in his son's safety

61
One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • (6) And Abraham took the wood of the burnt
    offering, and laid it on Isaac his son and he
    took in his hand the fire and the knife. So they
    went both of them together. (7) And Isaac said to
    his father Abraham, "My father!" And he said,
    "Here am I, my son." He said, "Behold, the fire
    and the wood but where is the lamb for a burnt
    offering?" (8) Abraham said, "God will provide
    himself the lamb for a burnt offering, my son."
    So they went both of them together.
  • (8) In Hebrew Yahweh jaera

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One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • (9) When they came to the place of which God had
    told him, Abraham built an altar there, and laid
    the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and
    laid him on the altar, upon the wood. (10) Then
    Abraham put forth his hand, and took the knife to
    slay his son. (11) But the angel of the LORD
    called to him from heaven, and said, "Abraham,
    Abraham!" And he said, "Here am I." (12) He said,
    "Do not lay your hand on the lad or do anything
    to him for now I know that you fear God, seeing
    you have not withheld your son, your only son,
    from me." (13) And Abraham lifted up his eyes and
    looked, and behold, behind him was a ram, caught
    in a thicket by his horns and Abraham went and
    took the ram, and offered it up as a burnt
    offering instead of his son. (14) So Abraham
    called the name of that place The LORD will
    provide as it is said to this day, "On the mount
    of the LORD it shall be provided."
  • (14) Moriah is in Jerusalem the new name formed
    by the combination of jaera and Salem 2
    Chronicles 31 Then Solomon began to build the
    house of the Lord in Jerusalem on Mount Moriah

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One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • 15) And the angel of the LORD called to Abraham
    a second time from heaven, (16) and said, "By
    myself I have sworn, says the LORD, because you
    have done this, and have not withheld your son,
    your only son, (17) I will indeed bless you, and
    I will multiply your descendants as the stars of
    heaven and as the sand which is on the seashore.
    And your descendants shall possess the gate of
    their enemies, (18) and by your descendants shall
    all the nations of the earth bless themselves,
    because you have obeyed my voice."
  • (16-18) God raises the 3rd promise to the level
    of covenant

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One Holy Tribe Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
  • Why would God do this - ask Abraham to sacrifice
    his only beloved son?
  • Because He is blessing us in a way that the world
    will never recognize
  • - Jesus was crucified in the same mountain range
    as Isaac was offered
  • - Jesus took upon himself the curse of the oath
    in order to unleash the blessing for the whole
    world which God promised

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One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • In this chapter you'll learn
  • 1. How the Israelites wound up in Egypt in
    slavery
  • 2. The significance of the plagues God sent upon
    Egypt
  • 3. The parallels between the life of Moses and
    the life of Jesus-and why Jesus is the "new
    Moses"

66
How did the children of Israel become slaves in
the land of Egypt?
67
Had this exile been foretold?
  • Gen 1513
  • 13Then the LORD said to Abram, Know this for
    certain, that your offspring shall be aliens in a
    land that is not theirs, and shall be slaves
    there, and they shall be oppressed for four
    hundred years

68
What had God promised Abram?
  • Gen 178
  • 8And I will give to you, and to your offspring
    after you, the land where you are now an alien,
    all the land of Canaan, for a perpetual holding
    and I will be their God.

69
What did God promise Abram concerning his
descendants?
  • 14but I will bring judgement on the nation that
    they serve, and afterwards they shall come out
    with great possessions. 15As for yourself, you
    shall go to your ancestors in peace you shall be
    buried in a good old age. 16And they shall come
    back here in the fourth generation for the
    iniquity of the Amorites is not yet complete.

70
Did Abrahams great-grandson Joseph expect the
Israelites exodus from Egypt?
  • Hebrew 1122
  • 22By faith Joseph, at the end of his life, made
    mention of the exodus of the Israelites and gave
    instructions about his burial.

71
Where did the Israelites live in Egypt?
  • Gen 4727
  • 27 Thus Israel settled in the land of Egypt, in
    the region of Goshen and they gained possessions
    in it, and were fruitful and multiplied
    exceedingly.
  • Ex 822
  • 22But on that day I will set apart the land of
    Goshen, where my people live, so that no swarms
    of flies shall be there, that you may know that I
    the LORD am in this land.

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What was the condition of the Hebrews in Egypt?
  • Ex 18-14
  • 8 Now a new king arose over Egypt, who did not
    know Joseph. 9He said to his people, Look, the
    Israelite people are more numerous and more
    powerful than we. 10Come, let us deal shrewdly
    with them, or they will increase and, in the
    event of war, join our enemies and fight against
    us and escape from the land. 11Therefore they
    set taskmasters over them to oppress them with
    forced labour. They built supply cities, Pithom
    and Rameses, for Pharaoh. 12But the more they
    were oppressed, the more they multiplied and
    spread, so that the Egyptians came to dread the
    Israelites. 13The Egyptians became ruthless in
    imposing tasks on the Israelites, 14and made
    their lives bitter with hard service in mortar
    and brick and in every kind of field labour. They
    were ruthless in all the tasks that they imposed
    on them.

73
What did the Pharaoh, the king of Egypt, decree
about the birth of baby boys?
  • Ex 115-22
  • 15 The king of Egypt said to the Hebrew
    midwives, one of whom was named Shiphrah and the
    other Puah, 16When you act as midwives to the
    Hebrew women, and see them on the birthstool, if
    it is a boy, kill him but if it is a girl, she
    shall live. 17But the midwives feared God they
    did not do as the king of Egypt commanded them,
    but they let the boys live. 18So the king of
    Egypt summoned the midwives and said to them,
    Why have you done this, and allowed the boys to
    live? 19The midwives said to Pharaoh, Because
    the Hebrew women are not like the Egyptian women
    for they are vigorous and give birth before the
    midwife comes to them. 20So God dealt well with
    the midwives and the people multiplied and
    became very strong. 21And because the midwives
    feared God, he gave them families. 22Then Pharaoh
    commanded all his people, Every boy that is born
    to the Hebrews you shall throw into the Nile,
    but you shall let every girl live.

74
What did one set of courageous parents do? How
was their baby saved?
  • Hebrews 1123
  • 23 By faith Moses was hidden by his parents for
    three months after his birth, because they saw
    that the child was beautiful and they were not
    afraid of the kings edict.
  • Ex 25-9
  • 5 The daughter of Pharaoh came down to bathe at
    the river, while her attendants walked beside the
    river. She saw the basket among the reeds and
    sent her maid to bring it. 6When she opened it,
    she saw the child. He was crying, and she took
    pity on him. This must be one of the Hebrews
    children, she said. 7Then his sister said to
    Pharaohs daughter, Shall I go and get you a
    nurse from the Hebrew women to nurse the child
    for you? 8Pharaohs daughter said to her, Yes.
    So the girl went and called the childs mother.
    9Pharaohs daughter said to her, Take this child
    and nurse it for me, and I will give you your
    wages. So the woman took the child and nursed
    it.

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One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • God fathers his family through covenants
  • 1. The three stages of Biblical history

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One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • Continuation of Covenant with Abraham
  • Isaac married Rebekah and had two sons.
  • The oldest named Esau and the other Jacob.
  • At the very moment they are conceived, God says,
    "Two nations are in your womb, and two peoples,
    born of you, shall be divided the one shall be
    stronger than the other, the elder shall serve
    the younger." (Genesis 2523)
  • The power of the blessing Whoever has the
    blessing will stand in relation to his brothers
    like a father.
  • With Rebekah's help Jacob tricks Isaac and gets
    the blessing - but was it so treacherous?

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One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • Word of God
  • Genesis Chapter 25 (29) Once when Jacob was
    boiling pottage, Esau came in from the field, and
    he was famished. (30) And Esau said to Jacob,
    "Let me eat some of that red pottage, for I am
    famished!"... (31) Jacob said, "First sell me
    your birthright." (32) Esau said, "I am about to
    die of what use is a birthright to me?" (33)
    Jacob said, "Swear to me first." So he swore to
    him, and sold his birthright to Jacob. (34) Then
    Jacob gave Esau bread and pottage of lentils and
    he ate and drank, and rose and went his way. Thus
    Esau despised his birthright.
  • Esau had already legally sold his birthright-the
    blessingto Jacob!

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One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • Jacob escapes from his brother's wrath up to the
    North
  • Jacob is tricked by Uncle Laban in which bride he
    gets on his wedding night.
  • Finally, Jacob marries the woman he wants - named
    Rachel - and returns and reconciles with Esau

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One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • Joseph
  • Up to the time they returned to Israel, Rachel
    had been barren, unable to bear children.
  • In Israel, Rachel gives birth to Joseph.

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  • The "coat of many colors"
  • Jacob gives Joseph a coat, which shows his
    favouritism towards this first-born son of
    Rachel, the wife he truly wanted, it's a mantle
    of the father's authority
  • Joseph's older brothers scheme to kill him, but
    instead sell him as a slave.
  • Joseph ends up the slave of Potiphar - one of the
    most powerful men in Egypt - and he impresses
    Potiphar
  • Unfortunately, Potiphar's wife accuses Joseph of
    rape.
  • Joseph is thrown in prison - but is released when
    he interprets the Pharaoh's dream.

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One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • Joseph-powerful in Egypt
  • Joseph is made prime minister, and he stores up
    grain in preparation for famine
  • His ten half-brothers come to Egypt to get food
    from the prime minister and don't recognize him.
  • Eventually, Joseph gets his entire family down to
    Egypt - and the pharaoh gives them Goshen, the
    best real estate
  • Joseph gets more land by trading food for land
    throughout the famine!

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One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • The Book of EXODUS
  • Word of God
  • Exodus Chapter 1 (6) Then Joseph died, and all
    his brothers, and all that generation. (7) But
    the descendants of Israel were fruitful and
    increased greatly they multiplied and grew
    exceedingly strong so that the land was filled
    with them. (8) Now there arose a new king over
    Egypt, who did not know Joseph.
  • (8) "Know" is a covenant term -- "Yadah" in
    Hebrew, meaning he refuses family relations with
    the Jews

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One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • (9) And he said to his people, "Behold, the
    people of Israel are too many and too mighty for
    us. (10) Come, let us deal shrewdly with them,
    lest they multiply, and, if war befall us, they
    join our enemies and fight against us and escape
    from the land." (15) Then the king of Egypt said
    to the Hebrew midwives, one of whom was named
    Shiphrah and the other Puah,

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One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • (16) "When you serve as midwife to the Hebrew
    women, and see them upon the birth-stool, if it
    is a son, you shall kill him but if it is a
    daughter, she shall live." (17) But the midwives
    feared God, and did not do as the king of Egypt
    commanded them, but let the male children live.
  • (16) Why kill the male children - why not the
    females, too? Because the Hebrew women will
    marry Egyptians - and then the land will pass
    back to the Egyptians
  • (17) Hebrew midwives don't cooperate and Moses is
    successfully hidden

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One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • Covenant with Moses
  • Moses has to escape Egypt after killing an
    Egyptian taskmaster
  • He settles down to be a shepherd, marrying
    Zipporah, a Midianite woman (Midianites are
    relatives of Abraham)

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One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • The Burning Bush
  • God narrows down the family line
  • Word of God
  • Exodus Chapter 3 (1) Now Moses was keeping the
    flock of his father-in-law, Jethro, the priest of
    Midian and he led his flock to the west side of
    the wilderness, and came to Horeb, the mountain
    of God. (2) And the angel of the LORD appeared to
    him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a
    bush and he looked, and lo, the bush was
    burning, yet it was not consumed. (3) And Moses
    said, "I will turn aside and see this great
    sight, why the bush is not burnt." (4) When the
    LORD saw that he turned aside to see, God called
    to him out of the bush, "Moses, Moses!" And he
    said, "Here am I." (5) Then he said, "Do not come
    near put off your shoes from your feet, for the
    place on which you are standing is holy ground."

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One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • (6) And he said, "I am the God of your father,
    the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God
    of Jacob." (12) He said, "But I will be with you
    and this shall be the sign for you, that I have
    sent you when you have brought forth the people
    out of Egypt, you shall serve God upon this
    mountain." (13) Then Moses said to God, "If I
    come to the people of Israel and say to them,
    "The God of your fathers has sent me to you,' and
    they ask me, "What is his name? What shall I say
    to them?" (14) God said to Moses, "I AM WHO I
    AM." And he said, "Say this to the people of
    Israel, "I AM has sent me to you.'"

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One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • (18) And they will hearken to your voice and
    you and the elders of Israel shall go to the king
    of Egypt and say to him, "The LORD, the God of
    the Hebrews, has met with us and now, we pray
    you, let us go a three days' journey into the
    wilderness, that we may sacrifice to the LORD our
    God.' (19) I know that the king of Egypt will not
    let you go unless compelled by a mighty hand.
    (20) So I will stretch out my hand and smite
    Egypt with all the wonders which I will do in it
    after that he will let you go.
  • (18) Initial request is A three day journey into
    the wilderness. NOT to be freed from slavery!

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One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • Exodus 4 (2) The LORD said to him, "What is
    that in your hand?" He said, "A rod." (3) And he
    said, "Cast it on the ground." So he cast it on
    the ground, and it became a serpent and Moses
    fled from it.
  • (3) The rod or staff is a symbol of authority The
    serpent is a symbol of evil.
  • (4) But the LORD said to Moses, "Put out your
    hand, and take it by the tail" so he put out
    his hand and caught it, and it became a rod in
    his hand
  • (4) This shows that Moses has dominion over evil .

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One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • (5) "that they may believe that the LORD, the
    God of their fathers, the God of Abraham, the God
    of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has appeared to
    you." (6) Again, the LORD said to him, "Put your
    hand into your bosom." And he put his hand into
    his bosom and when he took it out, behold, his
    hand was leprous, as white as snow. (7) Then God
    said, "Put your hand back into your bosom." So he
    put his hand back into his bosom and when he
    took it out, behold, it was restored like the
    rest of his flesh.
  • (5-7) Sin is constantly being compared to
    leprosy when the Israelites come out of Egypt,
    they will no longer be in sin, but will be the
    children of God

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One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • (8) "If they will not believe you," God said,
    "or heed the first sign, they may believe the
    latter sign. (10) But Moses said to the LORD,
    "Oh, my Lord, I am not eloquent, either
    heretofore or since thou hast spoken to thy
    servant but I am slow of speech and of tongue."
    (11) Then the LORD said to him, "Who has made
    man's mouth? Who makes him dumb, or deaf, or
    seeing, or blind? Is it not I, the LORD? (12) Now
    therefore go, and I will be with your mouth and
    teach you what you shall speak." (13) But he
    said, "Oh, my Lord, send, I pray, some other
    person." (14) Then the anger of the LORD was
    kindled against Moses and

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One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • he said, "Is there not Aaron, your brother, the
    Levite? I know that he can speak well and
    behold, he is coming out to meet you, and when he
    sees you he will be glad in his heart. (15) And
    you shall speak to him and put the words in his
    mouth and I will be with your mouth and with his
    mouth, and will teach you what you shall do. (16)
    He shall speak for you to the people and he
    shall be a mouth for you, and you shall be to him
    as God. (22) And you shall say to Pharaoh, Thus
    says the LORD, Israel is my first-born son 23)
    and I say to you, "Let my son go that he is to be
    a role-model, a priest like the first-may serve
    me" if you refuse to let him go, born behold, I
    will slay your firstborn son.
  • (22) This means that other nations are like God's
    younger children Israel is to be a role-model,
    a priest like the firstborn

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One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • Exodus 424 God tries to kill Moses - why?
  • 424 At a lodging place on the way the LORD met
    him and sought to kill him.
  • Because Moses is a covenant breaker
  • The Midianites and Arab Muslims today practice
    circumcision - but at puberty (13 years), not
    when God specified for the Jews at 8 days
  • Moses' son had not been circumcised, so Zipporah
    did it quickly

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One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • Exodus 7 What is the meaning behind the plagues?
  • God is slaying the gods of Egypt.
  • The people in Goshen (the Israelites) are
    completely protected from all the plagues

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One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • Exodus 825 Pharaoh offers to let Israel go to
    sacrifice
  • 825 Then Pharaoh called Moses and Aaron, and
    said, "Go, sacrifice to your God within the
    land."
  • Why is this unacceptable? Because they have to
    sacrifice three animals (cattle, goats and
    sheep), all three of which were were revered and
    worshipped as divinities in the Egyptian
    religion.
  • God wants Israel to make a clear break with
    Egyptian idolatry, like a drunk must make a break
    with drinking by smashing a bottle of booze

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One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • The tenth plague the death of the political gods
    of Egypt
  • Pharaoh was considered to be divine and his
    first-born son was divinized in a ceremony
  • The first-born represented, in a sense, the
    political gods of Egypt
  • Therefore, the death of the first-born created a
    power vacuum.
  • Moses gives instruction for the Passover to
    protect the Israelite
  • When the Israelites leave, the Egyptians are
    pressured into giving up all the gold and silver
    in exchange of the years of slavery.

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One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • Exodus 194-6 A nation of priests
  • Word of God
  • Exodus 19 (4) You have seen what I did to the
    Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles' wings
    and brought you to myself. 5) Now therefore, if
    you will obey my voice and keep my covenant, you
    shall be my own possession among all peoples for
    all the earth is mine, (6) and you shall be to me
    a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.
  • To prepare themselves, God asks that they abstain
    from sex for 3 days.
  • But, they didn't do this, so they send Moses up
    the mountain alone.

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One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • Exodus 24 Moses and the elders "eat and drink
    with God"
  • Every family was to be a church and every father
    a priest - if only they would trust and obey and
    forsake the gods of Egypt Exodus 32 tells us that
    they did not forsake these gods
  • While Moses is on the mountain, Aaron has them
    make a golden calf. The Apis cult in Egypt
    worshipped a calf!
  • Afterward, they got up to indulge in revelry,
    which is a Hebrew cliche for a sexual orgy, just
    like the Egyptians after worshipping Apis
  • This was an utter renunciation of true religion
    and faith in God
  • Moses mediates with God so the people are not
    destroyed

99
One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • Word of God
  • Exodus 32 (19) And as soon as he came near the
    camp and saw the calf and the dancing, Moses'
    anger burned hot, and he threw the tables out of
    his hands and broke them at the foot of the
    mountain. (20) And he took the calf which they
    had made, and burnt it with fire, and ground it
    to powder, and scattered it upon the water, and
    made the people of Israel drink it(26) then
    Moses stood in the gate of the camp, and said,
    "Who is on the LORD'S side?
  • (26) The first-born sons - who would not be alive
    if not for the Passover - are silent

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One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • Come to me." And all the sons of Levi gathered
    themselves together to him. (27) And he said to
    them, "Thus says the LORD God of Israel, 'Put
    every man his sword on his side, and go to and
    fro from gate to gate throughout the camp, and
    slay every man his brother, and every man his
    companion, and every man his neighbor.'" (28) And
    the sons of Levi did according to the word of
    Moses and there fell of the people that day
    about three thousand men. (29) And Moses said,
    "Today you have ordained yourselves for the
    service of the LORD, each one at the cost of his
    son and of his brother, that he may bestow a
    blessing upon you this day."
  • (29) All twelve tribes were systematically and
    instantly defrocked and laicized, dispensed from
    the priesthood

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One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • Before the Golden Calf
  • All the animal sacrifices and all of the dietary
    regulations seem not to have been required.
  • After the Golden Calf
  • Every day they have to be sacrificing sheep,
    cattle, and goats because they had to continually
    renounce the gods of Egypt

102
One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • Two laws now exist for Israel
  • Leviticus - which is the priestly code which
    requires all kinds of purification and strict
    morality.
  • Deuteronomy - which is given to the twelve
    tribes.
  • God allows the 12 tribes, but not the Levites, to
    divorce.
  • Deuteronomy contains all kinds of concessions and
    compromises
  • The original purpose of God was delayed until New
    Testament times when the priesthood of all
    believers was again proclaimed (see 1 Peter 29,
    Rev 16, and Rev 510)
  • Catholics believe in the priesthood of all
    believers through Baptism.

103
One Holy Nation Moses, Aaron, Levi
  • Jesus as the New Moses
  • Jesus' life follows the pattern we see for Moses
    and Israel

104
One Holy Kingdom David and Solomon
  • In this chapter you'll learn
  • 1. The Biblical foundations for the Catholic
    Doctrine of the Kingdom of Christ
  • 2. How and why the Kingdom of Israel arose - and
    the three prohibitions Solomon violated to cause
    its downfall
  • 3. The key components of the Davidic Covenant and
    how they apply today as God fathers his family
    through covenants

105
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