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Nathaniel Hawthorne

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'The Minister's Black Veil' 'Young Goodman Brown' Who were the Puritans? Wanted a 'pure' ... Sins, as defined by the Bible, are to be avoided at cut out of life ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Nathaniel Hawthorne


1
Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • Young Goodman Brown

2
Nathaniel Hawthorne 1804-1864
  • Born in Salem, Massachusetts
  • Puritan Background
  • Ancestor of John Hathorne one of the three
    judges in the Salem Witch Trials

3
Hawthornes Background
  • Began writing after college at Bowdion College in
    Maine
  • Spent many years in seclusion starving artist
  • Held many jobs including writer, publisher,
    working at a custom house, and consul in England

4
More Background
  • Married Sophie Peabody in 1825
  • Was friends with Henry Wadsworth Longfellow,
    Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Herman
    Melville, and President Franklin Pierce

5
His Themes in Writing
  • Moral allegories
  • The sinful man
  • Hypocrisy
  • The Dark side of Human Nature
  • Religious in Nature

6
His Most Famous Works
  • Novels
  • The House of Seven Gables
  • The Scarlet Letter
  • Short Stories
  • The Ministers Black Veil
  • Young Goodman Brown

7
Who were the Puritans?
  • Wanted a pure church
  • No candles
  • No Images
  • No stained glass windows
  • Rejected the showy church of England
  • Led very somber lives governed solely by a strict
    interpretation of the Bible
  • No nonsense dancing, gambling, drama, etc

8
Basic Beliefs of the Puritan Church
  • Jesus Christ is the Son of God died on the
    cross for all everyones sins
  • The whole Bible is the word of God and it is to
    be followed to the letter.
  • The belief that these ideas are fact are known as
    a persons faith

9
Basic Beliefs of the Puritan Church
  • Faith is what is necessary to get into heaven.
  • If you dont go to heaven you go to hell.
  • Sins, as defined by the Bible, are to be avoided
    at cut out of life
  • A catechism is a book that is used to teach basic
    principles of the church

10
The Infamous Puritans
  • The Salem Witch Trials put the Puritans
    prominently in the history books
  • Arthur Millers play The Crucible put it in
    Literature classes forever

11
And Now, Nathanial Hawthorns Short Story
Young Goodman Brown
  • my favorite short story of the year

12
Some Basics
  • Characters
  • Young Goodman Brown
  • His wife, Faith
  • Mysterious man in the forest with a strange
    looking staff

13
Some Basics
  • Minor Characters Notes
  • Constable person in law enforcement
  • Deacon position in church held by congregation
    member
  • Goody abbr. of goodwife, female version of
    goodman
  • Reverend pastor
  • Sabbath day of rest in the Judo/Christian church
    in this case, Sunday

14
YGB as an Allegory
  • What is an allegory?
  • A story where everything is a symbol
  • Used commonly to instruct especially in religious
    matters
  • Some famous allegories are
  • Dantes Divine Comedy (more famous though is the
    first part commonly known as Dantes Inferno
  • John Bunyans Pilgrims Progress

15
The Allegory of Young Goodman Brown Basics
  • The Snake Satan The Devil
  • Why?
  • See Genesis Chapter 3

16
The Allegory of Young Goodman Brown - Basics
  • The Forest
  • Evil / Sin

17
The Allegory of Young Goodman Brown Basics
  • Stars / Sky / Heavenly Bodies
  • Heaven / Connection with God

18
The Allegory of Young Goodman Brown - Basics
  • White Purity
  • Red Sin
  • Pink ????

19
The Allegory of Young Goodman Brown - Basics
  • Fire
  • Hell

20
The Allegory of Young Goodman Brown now, not
basic
  • Young Goodman Brown
  • The common Christian man brown is neutral
  • Faith
  • A Christians faith
  • Witches
  • Satan / Evil

21
One Last Thing for Tomorrow
  • Another literary term feather for your literary
    term cap
  • Imagery words and phrases that re-create vivid
    sensory experiences for the reader. Usually
    imagery is visual, but often it is written to the
    senses of smell, hearing, taste, and touch

22
Assignment for Tomorrow
  • Read Young Goodman Brown
  • There will be a basic quiz tomorrow on the
    PowerPoint and the story
  • PowerPoint is online for your viewing enjoyment
  • Underline in pencil examples of imagery for
    effort points
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