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An Introduction to Animal Farm

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A story in which the characters, settings, and ... How is Animal Farm an allegory? ... A totalitarian system of government in which a single authoritarian party ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: An Introduction to Animal Farm


1
AnIntroductiontoAnimal Farm
2
Satire
  • Type of writing that ridicules somethinga
    person, a group of people, humanity at large, an
    attitude or failing, a social institutionin
    order to reveal a weakness.

3
Most satires
  • Convince us of a point of view.
  • Persuade us to follow a course of action.
  • Involve exaggeration.

4
Allegory
  • A story in which the characters, settings, and
    events stand for certain other people, events, or
    concepts.

5
How is Animal Farm an allegory?
  • It parallels revolutionary and postrevolutionary
    Russia (late 1920s to 1953).
  • Many characters are based on Russian historical
    figures and ideas.

6
Czar Nicholas II
  • Poor leader at best
  • Cruel, sometimes brutal with opponents
  • Sometimes kind, hired students as spies to make
    money

7
Russian Revolutionaries
  • Karl Marx
  • Joseph Stalin
  • Leon Trotsky

8
Karl Marx
  • German social philosopher
  • Chief theorist of modern socialism and communism
  • Revolution is inevitable

9
Socialism
  • Political and economic theory that advocates a
    system of government ownership and management of
    the means of production and distribution of goods.

10
Communism
  • A totalitarian system of government in which a
    single authoritarian party controls state-owned
    means of production.

11
Totalitarianism
  • Seeks to control not only all economic and
    political matters but also the attitudes, values,
    and beliefs of its population.
  • Generally led by a dictator.

12
Joseph Stalin
  • Studied Marxism, but did not follow it
  • Man of steel killed all who opposed him
  • Not a good speaker, not very well-educated

13
Leon Trotsky
  • Followed Marxism
  • Very well-educated
  • Wanted to improve life for all in Russia
  • Eventually chased away by the KGB

14
Other Similarities
15
KGB
  • Secret police
  • Not really police, but forced support for Stalin
  • Often killed entire families for disobedience

16
Religion
  • Was tolerated because it encouraged the people to
    work
  • Would stop violent revolutions

17
Vain, Selfish People
  • Didnt care about revolution
  • Only thought about themselves
  • Went to other countries that offered more for them

18
Skeptical People
  • Werent sure revolution would change anything
  • Knew communism wouldnt work with power-hungry
    leaders

19
Dedicated Communists
  • Believed Stalin because he was a communist
  • Stayed loyal after it was obvious he was a tyrant
  • Were betrayed by Stalin
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