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Purpose and Tone

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Tone is the emotion or mood of the author's written voice. ... The main reason the author writes the passage is his or her primary purpose. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Purpose and Tone


1
Purpose and Tone
  • Uncovering the authors attitude and motives in
    writing.

2
What are purpose and tone?
  • Tone is the emotion or mood of the authors
    written voice.
  • It is the authors attitude toward the topic.
  • Purpose is the reason the author writes about a
    topic.

How does the husband feel about the mother-in-law?
3
What characterizes tone words?
  • Objective words are impartial and factual.
  • They are also
  • Unbiased
  • Neutral
  • Formal
  • Subjective words are personal, opinionated, and
    emotional
  • They are also
  • Biased
  • Emotional
  • Informal

4
Are there any tone words?
  • Mom, please, she said as she rolled her eyes,
    I would rather do it myself.
  • How does the girl feel?
  • __a. emotional
  • __b. neutral
  • __c. factual
  • __d. opportunistic

How does the woman feel about her hypochondria?
5
Here is the authors tone
  • Mom, please, she said as she rolled her eyes,
    I would rather do it myself.
  • How does the girl feel?
  • X a. emotional
  • __b. neutral
  • __c. factual
  • __d. opportunistic

How does the woman feel about the imaginary
friend?
6
What is the authors tone?
  • Father, I would like to introduce you to
    Professor Monte Salyer, said Nisha with a great
    smile.
  • The tone in this situation is
  • __a. casual
  • __b. sarcastic
  • __c. rebellious
  • __d. formal
  • __e. humorous

Whose greeting is more casual?
7
Here is the authors tone
  • Father, I would like to introduce you to
    Professor Monte Salyer, said Nisha with a great
    smile.
  • The tone in this situation is
  • __a. casual
  • __b. sarcastic
  • __c. rebellious
  • X d. formal
  • __e. humorous

Who skipped the normal tone of introductions?
8
What characterizes tone words?
  • My fathers name is Henri Powell, and he was
    born in 1943.
  • __a. subjective
  • __b. objective
  • __c. ridiculous
  • __d. imbalanced
  • Mom, Im having a terrible time could you
    please, please come over?
  • __a. details of facts
  • __b. details of experience
  • __c. details of inconvenience.

9
Here are the tone words
  • My fathers name is Henri Powell, and he was
    born in 1943.
  • __a. subjective
  • X b. objective
  • __c. ridiculous
  • __d. imbalanced
  • Mom, Im having a terrible time could you
    please, please come over?
  • __a. details of facts
  • X b. details of experience
  • __c. details of inconvenience.

10
What are the writers purposes?
  • The authors purpose is to
  • a. Inform
  • b. Persuade
  • c. Entertain
  • __1. Required physical education classes should
    be a part of public school education from
    elementary through high school
  • __2. A healthy diet includes several daily
    servings from each of the major food groups.
  • __3. If clothes say much about a person, a woman
    risking life and limb to wear 6-inch- high heels
    to the office must be screaming something about
    herself.

11
Here are the writers purposes
  • The word should tells us its persuasion.
  • This one is just factual.
  • Its fun to watch a woman in heels!
  • B 1. Required physical education classes should
    be a part of public school education from
    elementary through high school
  • A 2. A healthy diet includes several daily
    servings from each of the major food groups.
  • C 3. If clothes say much about a person, a woman
    risking life and limb to wear 6-inch-high heels
    to the office must be screaming something about
    herself.

12
Is it to inform, persuade, or entertain?
  • __1. The National Hurricane Center predicts a
    record number of hurricanes in the upcoming
    months.
  • __Age is strictly a case of mind over matter. If
    you dont mind, it doesnt matter.
  • __Rely on Denta-Fresh toothpaste to stop bad
    breath just as millions of others have.

13
Here are the authors purposes
  • I The National Hurricane Center predicts a
    record number of hurricanes in the upcoming
    months.
  • E Age is strictly a case of mind over matter. If
    you dont mind, it doesnt matter.
  • P Rely on Denta-Fresh toothpaste to stop bad
    breath just as millions of others have.

14
Can you figure out the primary purpose?
  • The primary purpose is the authors main reason
    for writing the passage.
  • Ask, What is the authors main idea?
  • That will reveal the primary purpose.
  • Business writing, for example, is to sell product!

Can we trust all of the purposes of big business?
15
What is the primary purpose?
  • Think of long-term memory as a data bank for
    all of your feelings and ideas. Information you
    heard hours, days, weeks, even years ago is
    stored in long-term memory. Long term memory can
    handle large amounts of information short-term
    memory has less space for storage. Putting
    information in and getting it out again is a slow
    process in long-term memory. On the other hand,
    short-term memory is a rapid process.
  • To argue against poor memory skills.
  • To amuse the reader with humorous details about
    long-term memory.
  • To inform the reader on the differences between
    long-term and short-term memory.

16
What is the primary purpose?
  • Think of long-term memory as a data bank for
    all of your feelings and ideas. Information you
    heard hours, days, weeks, even years ago is
    stored in long-term memory. Long term memory can
    handle large amounts of information short-term
    memory has less space for storage. Putting
    information in and getting it out again is a slow
    process in long-term memory. On the other hand,
    short-term memory is a rapid process.

__a. To argue against poor memory skills. __b. To
amuse the reader with humorous details about
long-term memory. X c. To inform the reader on
the differences between long-term and short-term
memory.
This passage is quite factual.
17
What is verbal irony?
  • Verbal irony occurs when the authors words state
    one thing, but imply the opposite.
  • Example At the finish line of a marathon, a
    tired runner says, Oh, yeah, Im ready to run
    another 24 miles.

18
What is situational irony?
  • Situational irony occurs when the events of a
    situation differ from what is expected.
  • Example A high school dropout
    eventually becomes a medical
    doctor.

19
Tone and purpose in review
  • The tone is the authors attitude toward the
    topic.
  • The objective tone words usually present facts
    and reasonable explanations.
  • The subjective tone words describe feelings,
    judgments, or opinions.
  • The purpose is the authors reason for writing
    about a topic.
  • An authors purpose in using facts to teach or
    explain a main idea is to inform.

20
Tone and Purpose in Review
  • Authors combine facts with emotional appeals to
    sway readers to their point of view when their
    purpose is to persuade.
  • A writer whose purpose is to entertain sets out
    to amuse or interest the audience.
  • The main reason the author writes the passage is
    his or her primary purpose.
  • Verbal irony occurs when the authors words state
    one thing but imply the opposite.
  • Situational irony occurs when the events of a
    situation differ from what is expected.
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