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Civil Society Involvement in Programme Implementation

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Title: Civil Society Involvement in Programme Implementation


1
Civil Society Involvement in Programme
Implementation
The Nile Basin Initiative Micro-Grant
Programme by NDABIRORERE
Salvator GEF-OFP BURUNDI DOUALA, June
2008
2
INTRODUCTION
  • With a surface area of 27,834 sq. km and a
    population of 7.4 million, Burundi is one of the
    smallest and one of the most overpopulated
    countries in Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Its population is 90 percent rural and entirely
    dependant upon agriculture
  • The war which prevailed in the country for 13
    years has caused further impoverishment of the
    population
  • The freeze on international cooperation due to
    the war has resulted in an absence of development
    activities
  • The country extends over two river basins the
    Nile River Basin and the Congo River Basin
  • It contains one of the Niles southernmost
    sources and contributes 9 percent of the total
    river flow
  • Due to its geographic location, the country is a
    member of a number of subregional organizations
    in both river basins ECCAS, COMIFAC, NBI, EAC,
    etc.

3
Background of the NBI/SVP
  • The Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) is a partnership
    between the 10 riparian states of the Nile River
  • Goal To achieve sustainable socio-economic
    development through the equitable utilization of,
    and benefit from, the common Nile Basin water
    resources.
  • In order to realize this vision, NBI has created
    the Shared Vision Programme (SVP) which includes
    the Transboundary Environmental Action Project
    (TEAP).

4
The Transboundary Environmental Action Project
and Its 5 Components
  • Institutional strengthening aimed at facilitating
    regional cooperation
  • Community-level land, water and forest
    conservation
  • Environmental education and public awareness
  • Wetland and biodiversity conservation
  • Water quality monitoring throughout the basin.

5
II. The Micro-Grant Programme
  • The NBI Micro-Grant Programme (MGP) falls within
    the purview of the second TEAP component
    Community-level land, water and forest
    conservation
  • The MGPs main mission is to support grassroots
    communities and NGOs through capacity-building
    and financial and/or technical assistance
    centred on their local or transboundary
    initiatives aimed at preserving the environment
    and reducing poverty in the Nile Basin region.

6
MGP Institutional Framework
  • The MGP is housed within a local NGO called Host
    NGO, based in the Nile Basin region
  • The Host NGO must be experienced in supporting
    local development and environmental protection
    initiatives
  • The Host NGO signed an agreement with UNOPS to
    provide the MGP with the requisite assistance for
    the implementation of its activities
  • In Burundi, the MGP is housed within the Union
    pour la Coopération et le Développement (UCODE)
    based in Ngozi.

7
Decision-Making Organ for Programme Implementation
  • The Micro-Grant Programme is supported by a
    National Steering Committee providing the bulk of
    its substantive contributions.
  • The main mission of the National Steering
    Committee includes the following
  • Analysis, periodic review and implementation of
    the MGP National Action Plan 
  • Delineation of the geographic intervention zone
  • Visits to micro-project sites for pre-screening
    and support through appropriate advice to project
    sponsors for necessary revisions to project
    proposals
  • Selection and approval of micro-project proposals
    submitted to the MGP for financial or technical
    support as well as project implementation
    monitoring
  • Promotion of MGP activities through enhanced
    visibility experience sharing through success
    stories and networking.

8
Membership of the MGP National Steering Committee
  • The membership of the MGP National Steering
    Committee includes the following
  • Two Government representatives (Ministry of
    Environment and one GEF Focal Point)
  • One UNDP representative
  • One academic institution representative
  • Two local NGO representatives
  • One religious organization representative
  • One representative of the Micro-Grant Programme
    host NGO (UCODE)
  • One NBI representative (national level)
  • The Micro-Grant Programme Coordinator, ensuring
    secretariat.

9
Key Actors and Funding Received
  • 25 local NGOs have received grants from the MGP
    (of which 50 percent are womens NGOs)
  • An amount of US 592,077 was injected in the
    sector over a three-year period (2006-2008)
  • Amount of funding for each micro-project maximum
    US 25,000
  • In order to enhance the interventions, the WFP
    provided support to the organizations up to
    US75,000 per NGO through FFW.

10
Areas of Activities Conducted
  • Land management and conservation
  • Promotion of environmentally sustainable
    agriculture
  • Management of water pollution
  • Agro-forestry
  • Reforestation
  • Management and protection of parks and nature
    preserves
  • Promotion of alternative energy sources (improved
    stoves, biogas, etc.).

11
Accomplishments
  • Land protection and soil improvement
  • Construction of 8 ha of radical terraces
  • Delineation of 903 km of contour lines
  • Forestry
  • Production of 2 million forest seedlings (1,600
    ha)
  • Production of 1 million agro-forestry seedlings
    (800 ha)
  • Production of 26 000 fruit seedlings

12
Accomplishments (contd)
  • Management and protection of parks and nature
    preserves 15 km of quickset hedges
  • Water quality management removal of over 5 tons
    of water hyacinth from lakes in the northern area
    of the country
  • Promotion of alternative energy sources 4,400
    improved stoves produced and distributed
  • Apiculture 200 modern beehives and appropriate
    equipment distributed to rural households
  • Education and public awareness
  • Implementation of the GEF/SGP will be facilitated
    as a result of this experience.

13
Accomplishments (contd)
  • Livestock reconstitution
  • 50 milk cows
  • 60 pigs
  • 1,900 goats
  • were distributed to households via a Community
    Solidarity Chain

14
Constraints or Challenges Encountered
  • Presence of several organizations requesting
    funding
  • Overall limited means
  • US25,000 do not meet populations expectations
  • Weakness of local organizations capacities for
    project formulation
  • Post-project management.

15
Steps Taken to Address the Problems
  • Submission to WFP for cofinancing of actions
    undertaken
  • Training for local NGOs in project formulation
  • Organizing field visits for monitoring of and
    support to funded projects
  • Involvement of technical and territorial
    administrative entities in activity monitoring
    during and after project implementation
  • Requests to GEF/SGP.

16
Lessons learnt
  • Local NGOs light structures but close to the
    population and able to achieve a lot with limited
    means when compared to the Government.
  • Transparency and stakeholders involvement have a
    positive effect on the durability of activities
    on the ground,
  • The only impact obtained by those donors who
    worked alone is the project signage left behind.

17
Conclusions and Recommendations
  • The programme contributed to capacity-building in
    rural communities
  • It contributed to job creation (for youth and
    women)
  • It had a catalytic effect and mobilized other
    donors / actors
  • It enhanced social cohesion
  • It helped raise awareness of environmental
    protection among rural women
  • The achievements (obtained with partners and
    technical services involvement) are encouraging
  • It would be desirable that the SGP be associated
    with all GEF-funded projects

18
  • PICTORIAL ILLUSTRATION OF PROJECT ACTIVITIES

19
Soil Protection
  • Construction of radical terraces over 8
    hectares
  • Eradication of soil erosion
  • Top Photo of radical terraces at Muyange
    (Commune and Province of Kayanza)
  • Bottom Photo of radical terraces at Kididiri
    (Commune of Busiga, Province of Ngozi)

20
Soil Protection (contd)
  • Establishment of contour lines and
    anti-erosion ditches in watershed (total 603 Km).
  • Protection of soils against erosion
  • Top Photo of contour lines at Rukusha (Commune
    of Giteranyi, Province of Muyinga)
  • Bottom Photo of calliandra plantation along
    contour lines at Ntobwe (Commune of Buhinyuza,
    Province of Muyinga)

21
Soil Improvement
  • Large livestock (50 cows)
  • Soil fertilization with manure
  • Top Bovine breeding by the Dukingirikibira
    Association of Bugarama
  • Bottom Bovine breeding at Buhiga (Kagoma Hill)
    by a group of demobilized and repatriated persons

22
Soil Improvement
  • Small livestock breeding (60 pigs and 1,900
    goats)
  • Soil fertilization with manure
  • Photo Goat herd at Musenyi (Commune and
    Province of Muyinga)

23
Reforestation
  • Production of nearly 2 million forestry
    seedlings (2006-2007 period)
  • Top Maintenance work at a nursery by the
    womens group Dukingirikibira of Bugarama
    (Commune and Province of Muramvya)
  • Top Nursery established by the
    Dusanurivyasambutse Association of Mubaragaza
    (Commune of Mutumba, Province of Karuzi)

24
Agroforestry
  • Production of nearly 1 million agroforestry
    seedlings (2006- 2007 period)
  • Soil stabilization and enrichment
  • Top Maintenance work at a calliandra nursery by
    the Garukirabakenyezi Association of Rusi
    (Commune of Shombo, Province of Karuzi)
  • Bottom Calliandra and maracoudja nursery
    established by the Dushigikirane NGO of Gatara
    (Province of Kayanza)

25
Fruit Trees
  • Production of 26,000 fruit seedlings
  • Improvement of nutrition
  • Poverty reduction (sale of fruit)
  • Top Production of grafted avocado trees by a
    youth group of Makebuko (Province of Gitega)
  • Bottom Culture of maracoudja and Japanese plum
    trees by a group of Matongo (Province of Kayanza)

26
Management and Protection of Parks and Nature
Preserves
  • Demarcation of the Ruvubu National Park over a
    stretch of 15 km
  • Biodiversity conservation and protection
  • Photo Demarcation of the Ruvubu National
    Park on the territory of the Commune of Buhinyuza
    (Province of Muyinga)

27
Water Quality Management
  • Removal of 5 tons of water hyacinth.
  • Water quality and biodiversity conservation
  • Photo Water hyacinth removal operation on
    the Akagera River (Rukusha Hill, Commune of
    Giteranyi, Province of Muyinga )

28
Promotion of Alternative Energy Sources (Improved
Stoves)
  • Production and use of
  • 4,400 improved stoves
  • Wood consumption reduced by 1/3rd
  • Reduction of wood harvesting rate
  • Work reduction for rural women
  • Top Use of an improved stove in a household at
    Bunywana (Commune of Buhinyuza, Province of
    Muyinga)
  • Bottom Improved stoves produced by the
    Garukirabakenyezi Association of Rusi (Commune of
    Shombo, Province of Karuzi)

29
Promotion of Alternative Energy Sources (Biogas)
  • Establishment of a unit for training on biogas
    production and consumption in rural areas
  • Reduced fuelwood consumption
  • Waste reclamation
  • Top Cooking a meal with biogas in a
    household dwelling
  • Bottom Lighting with biogas in a household
    dwelling

30
Apiculture
  • Modern apiculture (200 beehives)
  • Biodiversity protection and poverty reduction
  • Photo Training session on beekeeping
    techniques for members of the Dusanurivyasambutse
    Association of Mubaragaza (Commune of Mutumba,
    Province of Karuzi)

31
Monitoring and Support of Field Activities by the
NSC
32
Thank you very much
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