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Animal Welfare

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Animal Welfare. Homelessness. Feral Cates: an example of homelessness. Shelters. Responsible Pet ownership training. Spay/Neuter. Animal Cruelty. I. Homelessness ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Animal Welfare


1
Animal Welfare
  • Dr. Joanne M. Roesner, DVM DAVBP

2
Animal Welfare
  • Homelessness
  • Feral Cates an example of homelessness
  • Shelters
  • Responsible Pet ownership training
  • Spay/Neuter
  • Animal Cruelty

3
I. Homelessness
  • Stray animals are a direct result of human lack
    of responsibility in pet ownership.
  • Most stray animals are never recovered from
    shelters and are euthanized.
  • Euthanasia is the leading cause of death for
    healthy homeless pets.
  • Only 15 of dogs and owners from shelters.

4
Homelessness
  • Sterilization of pets, permanent identification
    of pets (microchips) and appropriate confinement
    will ultimately be the solution for homelessness.

5
Homelessness
  • Homeless pets exhibit behaviors which impact
    society negatively(e.g. fighting, urine spraying,
    roaming).
  • Homeless pets are a potential reservoir of
    disease for man (especially rabies) and for owned
    pets (e.g. FIV, Ehrlichea).

6
II. Feral Cats an example of homelessness
  • Are domesticated species returned to the wild
  • Are not fully equipt to live in the wild and
    succumb to disease and injury
  • Very short life span 2-3 years compared to 12
    years for owned, cared for cats
  • They survive but do not thrive

7
Feral Cats
  • Feral cats are a huge part of the feline
    overpopulation problem!
  • An estimated 30-60 million cats are feral in the
    USA.

8
Feral Cats
  • Feral cats are a direct result of irresponsible
    pet ownership!

9
Feral Cats
  • If feral cats are trapped and removed (I.e.
    euthanized), often the colony reforms from more
    ferals moving into the area.
  • Spay/Neuter and release may result in a stable,
    non-reproductive colony. (AlleyCat_at_allies.org)

10
Feral Cats
  • Feral cats, due to their fear, can be dangerous
    to handle. They should be humanely trapped
    without efforts to handle and taken to a facility
    with experienced personnel.

11
Feral Cats
  • Attempting to re-domesticate a feral is a long
    and painstaking process. Often these cats remain
    fearful and insecure around people even though
    they may eventually tolerate human touch.

12
III. Shelters
  • Three Types
  • Rabies Control Government run, Euthanasia if
    not reclaimed, fewer adoptions.
  • Traditional open admission, private funding
    often related to Humane Society or other
    organization. Adoptions are encouraged,
    Euthanasia is utilized.
  • No-Kill Limited admission, adoption is utilized
    for any suitable pets, Euthanasia is minimal or
    not practiced.
  • There are 4000-6000 shelters in the US.

13
Shelters
  • 8-12 million animals per year are turned into
    shelters.
  • More than 4-6 million of these are euthanized.
  • Unwanted litters are the main reason for animal
    relinquishment to shelter.

14
Shelters
  • Main source of pet turn in are behavioral
    problems. 9avoid via training, appropriate
    expectations and pre-adoption counseling!)
  • 15 of shelter population is from owner turn in.

15
Shelters
  • Relinquished pets
  • 25-30 of dogs are purebred, 6 of cats are
    purebred.
  • 3-5 years old.
  • Most are unspayed or unneutered.
  • 27 of dogs and 36.5 of cats are primarily
    outdoor pets.

16
Shelters
  • Owner turn in was less likely if owner had read a
    book or other educational material, had a DVM or
    went to obedience training.

17
Shelters
10 top Reasons for Owner Turn In
  • Dog
  • Moving
  • Landlord
  • Cost
  • No time for pet
  • Inadequate facilities
  • Too many pets
  • Pet illness
  • Biting
  • No home for littermates
  • Cat
  • Too many cats
  • Allergy
  • Moving
  • Cost
  • Landlord
  • No home for litter
  • Personal Problem
  • Pet ill
  • Inadequate facilities

18
Shelters
  • Only 15-20 of pets in the USA come from shelters.

19
Shelters
  • Success of efforts to control animal
    overpopulation hinge on increasing public
    awareness of shelters as a source of pets and
    sterilizing pets to avoid unintentional litters.

20
Shelters
  • Pet Population Control
  • Increase sterilization
  • Increase pet retention in homes
  • Increase adoption from shelters
  • Increase laws to promote responsible pet ownership

21
Shelters
  • Germany, Norway and Sweden, in spite of not
    routinely spaying and neutering, have NO problem
    with pet retention.
  • Responsible pet ownership is the norm and the law
    in these countries.

22
Shelters
  • Shelter Success depends on
  • Volunteers
  • Foster Homes
  • Off-Site adoptions
  • Public access to shelters
  • Pre-release sterilization
  • Work with local veterinary community
  • Marketing
  • Fund Raising

23
Shelters
  • As pet overpopulation is addressed successfully,
    shelters can move more into a role of championing
    animal well being.

24
IV. Responsible Pet Ownership
  • Pets are a lifetime commitment.

25
Responsible Pet Ownership
  • Educate yourself on the best pet for your
    situation prior to obtaining a pet.
  • Establish a relationship with a DVM who is
    willing to educate you about your specific pets
    behavioral and life needs.
  • All dogs should undergo obedience training.

26
Responsible Pet Ownership
  • Do not exceed the number of pets you can
    financially and emotionally care for.

27
Responsible Pet Ownership
  • Consider environmental and lifestage (e.g. will
    you move away to go to college) constraints when
    choosing a suitable pet.

28
Responsible Pet Ownership
  • Pet needs are more than food, water and shelter.
  • Can you give adequate medical care?
  • Do you have sufficient emotional and time
    resources?

29
Responsible Pet Ownership
  • AAHA estimates large to medium dogs require 20
    minutes of aerobic exercise plus 3-4 walks daily.
  • HSUS most of behaviors resulting in pets being
    turned into shelters are due to lack of exercise
    and training.

30
Responsible Pet Ownership
  • SPAY AND NEUTER YOUR PETS!!!

31
V. Spay and Neuter
  • Cats If
  • 2 litters per year
  • 2.8 out of 4 live
  • 10 years breeding life
  • Then 1 cat could result in 80,399,730 cats.
  • (e.g. 1 year - 12
  • 2nd year - 68
  • 3rd year - 382
  • And on and on.)

32
Spay and Neuter
  • Dogs If
  • 1.5 2 litters per year
  • 6-10 pups
  • Then 1 dog in 6 years could result in 67,000 dogs

33
Spay and Neuter
  • Puppies and kittens born in owned home settings
    take homes away from shelter pets.
  • Think carefully if you make a choice to breed a
    pet!

34
Spay and Neuter
  • Spay/Neuter benefits
  • Behavioral - decrease roaming, fighting, urine
    marking.
  • Decreased disease female - pyometra, mammary
    cancer, vaginal hyperplasia
  • Decreased disease male testicular cancer,
    prostatic disease, perineal hernia.

35
Spay and Neuter
  • Remember Unwanted litters are a major source of
    turn ins to shelters.

36
Spay and Neuter
  • 71 million owned cats estimated in USA
  • Varies by location but between 30-90 of these
    are spayed.

37
Spay and Neuter
  • Remember 30-60 million homeless cats in USA.
    Most of these are not sterilized.

38
VI. Animal Cruelty
  • Defined mistreatment that is malicious,
    deliberate and repeated.
  • Abuse satisfaction from dominance
  • Neglect passive maltreatment
  • Cruelty satisfaction from suffering

39
Animal Cruelty
  • Animal abuse and neglect may result from
    inadequate resources or training and therefore
    may be preventable.

40
Animal Cruelty
  • Animal cruelty may be a precursor of human
    cruelty. (Serial murderers often begin with
    animal torture before moving on to human victims)

41
Animal Cruelty
  • Animal cruelty may be a marker of family
    violence. Children who are abused may abuse
    family pets in a similar fashion.

42
Animal Cruelty
  • It is our responsibility to report animal cruelty
    and neglect!

43
Animal Cruelty
  • Laws vary from state to state on how and where to
    report Start with local law enforcement
    officials.
  • Only 15 states have felony animal cruelty
    statutes.

44
Animal Cruelty
  • Dog Fighting
  • Legal to be a spectator is most states
  • Maximum penalty in GA for staging a dog fight is
    5000 fine, 5 years incarceration. 3 states only
    misdemeanor.
  • Promotes illegal drugs and gambling.
  • Huge profit to organizers.

45
Animal Cruelty
  • Dog Fighting
  • Dogs are trained using bait animals (small
    dogs, cats, rabbits) which they kill.
  • Bait animals are often stolen pets!

46
Animal Cruelty
  • Cock Fights
  • Legal in 3 states (NM, OK, LA)
  • Laws in GA similar to those for dog fighting.

47
Animal Cruelty
  • Spectators at staged animal fights should be
    prosecuted!
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