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CS Lewis: Hell and the Devil

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Of rebel Angels, by whose aid, aspiring. To set himself in glory above his peers, ... Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, holding in his hand the key to the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: CS Lewis: Hell and the Devil


1
CS Lewis Hell and the Devil
  • Juanita Gibson
  • Carolyn Witte
  • Nathan Wybenga

2
  • In all discussions of Hell we should keep
    steadily before our eyes the possible damnation,
    not of our enemies nor our friends but of
    ourselves. --CS Lewis

3
The Devil
4
The Faces of Satan An Introduction to the
Devil John Milton, Paradise Lost Book 1 (1667)
  • Say firstfor Heaven hides nothing from thy view,
  • Nor the deep tract of Hellsay first what cause
  • Moved our grand parents, in that happy state,
  • Favoured of Heaven so highly, to fall off
  • From their Creator, and transgress his will
  • For one restraint, lords of the World besides.
  • Who first seduced them to that foul revolt?

5
The Faces of Satan (continued)
  • Th' infernal Serpent he it was whose guile,
  • Stirred up with envy and revenge, deceived
  • The mother of mankind, what time his pride
  • Had cast him out from Heaven, with all his host
  • Of rebel Angels, by whose aid, aspiring
  • To set himself in glory above his peers,
  • He trusted to have equaled the Most High,
  • If he opposed, and with ambitious aim
  • Against the throne and monarchy of God,

6
The Faces of Satan (continued)
  • Raised impious war in Heaven and battle proud,
  • With vain attempt. Him the Almighty Power
  • Hurled headlong flaming from th' ethereal sky,
  • With hideous ruin and combustion, down
  • To bottomless perdition, there to dwell
  • In adamantine chains and penal fire,
  • Who durst defy th' Omnipotent to arms.

7
Images of Satan Genesis Serpent
  • Now the serpent was more subtle and crafty than
    any living creature of the field which the Lord
    God had made. And he Satan said to the woman,
    Can it really be that God has said, You shall
    not eat from every tree of the garden?
  • -Genesis 31, Amplified Bible
  • And the Lord God said to the serpent, Because you
    have done this, you are cursed above all
    domestic animals and above every wild living
    thing of the field upon your belly you shall go,
    and you shall eat dust and what it contains all
    the days of your life.
  • -Genesis 314, Amplified Bible

8
Images of Satan Job
  • Now there was a day when the sons of God came to
    present themselves before the LORD, and Satan
    also came among them.
  • -Job 16, New American Standard Bible
  • The LORD said to Satan, "From where do you come?"
    Then Satan answered the LORD and said, "From
    roaming about on the earth and walking around on
    it. Job 17, New American Standard Bible
  • Question Why does Satan come to present himself
    with the sons of God?

9
Images of Satan Matthew Tempter and Biblical
Scholar?
  • Then Jesus was led out into the wilderness by the
    Holy Spirit to be tempted there by the Devil.
  • -Matthew 41, New Living Translation
  • Then the Devil took him to Jerusalem, to the
    highest point of the Temple, and said, "If you
    are the Son of God, jump off! For the Scriptures
    say,
  • He orders his angels to protect you. And they
    will hold you with their hands
  • to keep you from striking your foot on a stone.'
    "
  • -Matthew 45, New Living Translation

10
Images of Satan John Prince of Lies and
Deception
  • You are of your father the devil, and your will
    is to do your father's desires. He was a murderer
    from the beginning, and has nothing to do with
    the truth, because there is no truth in him. When
    he lies, he speaks out of his own character, for
    he is a liar and the father of lies.
  • -John 844, English Standard Translation
  • God seeks to comrades and claims love, the Devil
    seeks slaves and claims obedience.
  • -Rabindranath Tagore, Fireflies (1928)

11
Images of Satan Revelations Dragons and Death
  • Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven,
    holding in his hand the key to the bottomless pit
    and a great chain. And he seized the dragon, that
    ancient serpent, who is the devil and Satan, and
    bound him for a thousand years, and threw him
    into the pit, and shut it and sealed it over him,
    so that he might not deceive the nations any
    longer, until the thousand years were ended.
    After that he must be released for a little
    while.
  • And when the thousand years are ended, Satan will
    be released from his prison and will come out to
    deceive the nations that are at the four corners
    of the earth…
  • …but fire came down from heaven and consumed
    them, and the devil who had deceived them was
    thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur where the
    beast and the false prophet were, and they will
    be tormented day and night forever and ever.
  • -Revelations 201,7-8a, 9b-10

12
Evil
13
Evil and God by CS Lewis
  • Dualism is any theory or system of thought that
    recognizes two and only two independent and
    mutually irreducible principles or substances,
    which are sometimes complementary and sometimes
    in conflict.
  • Metaphysical dualisms admit two substances, such
    as world and God, or two principles, such as good
    and evil, as a means of explaining the nature of
    reality.
  • Ethical or ethicoreligious dualism asserts that
    there are two mutually hostile forces or beings
    in the world, the one being the source of all
    good, the other the source of all evil.
  • Christian theology generally accepts a modified
    moral dualism, recognizing God as supremely good
    and Satan as a deteriorated creature bent
    everywhere upon the intrusion of evil.

14
Evil and God by CS Lewis
  • Good and evil, then, are not on all fours.
    Badness is not even bad in the way that goodness
    is good. Ormuzd God and Ahriman cannot be
    equals. In the long run, Ormuzd must be original
    and Ahriman the derivative. The first hazy idea
    of the devil must, if we begin to think, be
    analyzed into the more precise ideas of fallen
    and rebel angel. But only in the long run.
    There was never any question of tracing all evil
    to man in fact the New Testament has a good deal
    more to say about dark superhuman powers than
    about the fall of Adam…
  • …The difference between the Christian and the
    Dualist is that the Christian thinks one stage
    further and sees that if Michael is really in the
    right and Satan in the wrong this must mean that
    they stand in two different relations to somebody
    or something far back, to the ultimate ground of
    reality itself.

15
Hell
16
History of the word Hell
  • In early Christian teaching, after the final
    judgment, the wicked will be condemned to a hell
    of fire called gehenna, a Greek word derived from
    the Hebrew Gehinnom and referring to the desolate
    Valley of Hinnom, south of Jerusalem, where trash
    fires burned incessantly and where ancient human
    sacrifices had been offered to Cannanite gods.

17
Statistics
  • As of 2003, 68 of Americans say that they
    believe in the devil, the Southerners being the
    regional people most likely to believe.
  • In 2000, 94 of Americans said they believe in
    God, while only 75 believed in Satan

18
Other Authors Comments
  • To Christian writer C.S. Lewis, hell was a place
    of nothing. And heaven was a place of everything.
    In his book The Great Divorce, he described hell
    as a gray town thats extremely boring. One guy
    just paces back and forth for over a year.
    Nothing has any meaning, satisfaction, or
    substance. You cant drink or eat or even sit on
    anything. Houses dont keep out the rain, and
    those who live in hell are more like transparent
    ghosts than people. --Todd Hertz

19
Other Authors Comments
  • the wicket shall have to endure, first,
    everlasting separation from God, and second,
    everlasting physical torment in the form of
    literal flames which, though they produce the
    same experience as an earthly fire, never consume
    those who writhe forever in them.
  • --Thomas Talbott

20
Other Authors Comments
  • Lawrence S. Cunningham makes 3 points about hell
  • Hell is Separation from God
  • Hell is described not as a particular location,
    but a state of existence
  • The pain of hell is that of separation and loss,
    not of fire and worms

21
Other Religions Views of Hell
  • Judaism believes Hades was the ruler of the
    underworld (a literal hell), similar to the role
    of the devil.
  • Islam believes souls must cross a bridge across
    the crater of fire known as hell to go to
    paradise, hell is a lake of fire, full of
    suffering.
  • Hinduism believes souls going to reincarnation
    must pass through one of 21 hells to destroy
    harmful karma, kanna (evil) gets burned away.
  • Buddhism believes in a multitude of hells through
    a persons journey towards nirvana.

22
Other Religions Views of Hell (continued)
  • Jainism (branch off Hinduism) believes that the
    universe contains 3 realms, the lowest has 8.4
    million hells where sins are punished, and only
    the most wicked stay forever
  • Taoism believes the dead go to a Buddhist
    paradise or to one of several hells
  • The Arabic word for hell is Jahannam, from the
    same word as the Hebrew hell, Gehenna,
    definition location used for incineration

23
The Problem of Pain by CS Lewis Chapter 8,
Hell
  • Lewis strongly disliked the biblical doctrine of
    free will as it concerned hell. Lewis disliked
    it because he disliked the idea of man being able
    to chose to go to hell.
  • The problem is not simply that of a God who
    consigns some of His creatures to final ruin
    …Christianity… presents us with something
    knottier and more ambiguousa God so full of
    mercy … yet still there is Hell

24
The Problem of Pain Chapter 8, Hell
  • In this chapter, Lewis combats common beliefs
    against Christianity and subsequently against the
    doctrine of mans free will to choose hell.
  • There were four main arguments that Lewis felt
    non-believers had against Christianitys view of
    hell.

25
The First Argument
  • There is an objection to the idea of retributive
    punishment.
  • Pain, Lewis says, is often times the way that God
    works to combat evil.
  • Along with this idea against retributive
    punishment, there is an idea that God should
    forgive a man while he remains what he is,
    namely, a sinner.
  • This is due to the confusion between condoning
    and forgiving.
  • To condone an evil is simply to ignore it, to
    treat it as if it were good. But forgiveness
    needs to be accepted as well as offered if it is
    to be complete and a man who admits no guilt can
    accept no forgiveness.
  • We are therefore at liberty…to think of this bad
    mans perdition not as a sentence imposed on him
    but as the mere fact of being what he is. The
    characteristic of lost souls is their rejection
    of everything that is not simply themselves.

26
The Second Argument
  • The second argument is against the idea that we
    will forever in time be punished for what is, a
    short lived period of sin.
  • However, Eternity is not simply a prolonging of
    time.
  • If we think of time as a line, we probably ought
    to think of eternity as a plane or even a solid.

27
The Third Argument
  • People do not like the frightful intensity of the
    pains of Hell as suggested by Scripture.
  • Our lord speaks of Hell under three symbols
    first, that of punishment second, that of
    destruction and thirdly, that of deprivation,
    exclusion, or banishment into the darkness
    outside.
  • the saved go to a place prepared for them, while
    the damned go to a place never made for men at
    all. To enter heaven is to become more human
    than you ever succeeded in being in earth to
    enter hell, is to be banished from humanity.
    What is cast (or casts itself) into hell is not a
    man it is remains.

28
The Fourth Argument
  • A fourth objection is that no charitable man
    could himself be blessed in heaven while he knew
    that even one human soul was still in hell.
  • At the back of this objection lies a mental
    picture of heaven and hell co-existing, so that
    at each moment the blessed could say the
    miseries of hell are now going on. But I notice
    that Our Lord, while stressing the terror of hell
    with unsparing severity usually emphasizes the
    idea not of duration but of finality.
    Consignment to the destroying fire is usually
    treated as the end of the storynot as the
    beginning of a new story.

29
Conclusions of The Problem of Pain, Chapter 8,
Hell
  • In the long run the answer to all those who
    object to the doctrine of hell, is itself a
    question What are you asking God to do? To
    wipe out their past sins and, at all costs, to
    give them a fresh start, smoothing every
    difficulty and offering every miraculous help?
    But He has done so, on Calvary. To forgive them?
    They will not be forgiven. To leave them alone?
    Alas, I am afraid that is what He does.

30
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