PRESIDENCY OF JIMMY CARTER - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – PRESIDENCY OF JIMMY CARTER PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: ec366-MmQ4Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

PRESIDENCY OF JIMMY CARTER

Description:

The outsider confronts the insiders: ineffectual leadership style ... hyped the taking of Embassy personnel; Walter Cronkite and his count of the days ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:247
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 9
Provided by: newacco
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: PRESIDENCY OF JIMMY CARTER


1
PRESIDENCY OF JIMMY CARTER
  • The outsider confronts the insiders ineffectual
    leadership style
  • Economic problems inflation, high interest
    rates, growing energy costs, gas shortages,
    general uncertainty, decline of manufacturing
  • Goals include reduced energy use (the moral
    equivalent of war), energy independence for the
    US reducing role of corporations in American
    politics
  • International issues instability in the Middle
    East
  • Introducing Americans to the Age of Limits

2
PRESIDENCY OF JIMMY CARTER ECONOMIC PROBLEMS
  • By the end of the 1970s, interest rates on homes
    at 17 (cost of a 30-year 100,000 mortgage up
    from 421 in the 1950s to 1,425 per month)
  • High oil prices, but US passenger cars averaged
    only 13.4 mpg oil crisis of 1979 led to
    shortages, lines at gas stations. Carter urged
    conservation, talked about an Age of Limits.
    Americans did not want to hear it.

3
THE FOREIGN POLICY OF PRESIDENT JIMMY CARTER
  • Major goals ending US support for repressive
    regimes, seeking international stability (some
    critics found these goals incompatible, so did
    Carter at times)
  • Seeking peace the Camp David Peace Accords
  • The first major confrontation with militant
    Islam the Iranian hostage crisis

4
CAMP DAVID PEACE ACCORDS
  • Carter wants a systematic agreement between all
    Muslim leaders in the Middle East, including the
    PLO, and Israel
  • Barriers Israel wont deal with the PLO unless
    it renounces its commitment to the destruction of
    Israel all involved, including the US, have
    domestic political concerns question of Israels
    boundaries and its settlements program

5
CAMP DAVID PEACE ACCORDS
  • Some favor open diplomacy (esp. Carter) and
    others the secret diplomacy associated with Henry
    Kissinger
  • Key players in 1978 meeting at Camp David
    President Anwar Sadat (Egypt), Prime Minister
    Menachem Begin (Israel), Carter
  • Led to Peace Treaty between Israel and Egypt, but
    many issues were unresolved (no solution for the
    Palestinians, other Arab nations and PLO would
    not agree to it)

6
HISTORY OF RELATIONS BETWEEN US AND IRAN
  • US installs Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi in power,
    1953
  • Shahs regime repressive, closely tied to the
    west, secular, committed to modernization
  • US reliant on Iran for oil and support for its
    Middle Eastern goals
  • Shahs repression of Islamic leaders, who ask US
    for help in 1974, no response from US
  • Carter supports the Shah, who is overthrown in
    1979 US allows Shah to come to US

7
IRANIAN HOSTAGE CRISIS
  • Iranian rebels took the US Embassy and held 66
    people hostage (14 would be released later),
    November 1979
  • Plan was to occupy the Embassy for a few days as
    a symbolic gesture
  • American media hyped the taking of Embassy
    personnel Walter Cronkite and his count of the
    days
  • Extremely nationalistic response of the American
    people unease with government powerlessness
    yellow ribbons

8
IRANIAN HOSTAGE CRISIS
  • Carters efforts to negotiate, enforce the
    release of the hostages
  • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan made a forceful
    response to Iran seem more imperative
  • Failed rescue effort, April, 1980
  • US used Algeria to facilitate negotiations,
    agreed not to overthrow the new regime in Iran,
    hostages released just after Reagans oath of
    office (report by Gary Sick that Reagan had made
    a deal with the Iranians to do so never
    confirmed)
About PowerShow.com