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Famous U.S. Symbols


American Flag. Mount Rushmore. Pledge of Allegiance. History ... History of the American Flag. http://www.usa-flag-site.org/history.shtml ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Famous U.S. Symbols

Famous U.S. Symbols
  • Robin Zelinski
  • Jennifer Morrow
  • EDE 417

Table of Contents
  • Pg. 3 Introduction to slides
  • Pg. 4-7 History, Activities, Websites
  • Pg. 8-11 People in Societies, Activities,
  • Pg. 12-15 Geography, Activities, Websites
  • Pg. 16-20 Economics, Activities, Websites
  • Pg. 21- 24 Government, Activities, Websites
  • Pg. 25- 28 Citizenship, Activities, Websites
  • Pg. 29- 32 S.S. Skills, Activities, Websites

Famous U.S. Symbols
  • 2nd Grade
  • The students will learn about the
  • Liberty Bell
  • Great Seal
  • American Flag
  • Mount Rushmore
  • Pledge of Allegiance

  • The students will learn about the following
  • Chronology
  • Daily Life
  • Heritage

Flag Facts
  • 13 stripes
  • 50 stars
  • Redvalor and bravery
  • Bluevigilance, perseverance, and justice
  • White purity and innocence
  • Stars are considered a symbol of the heavens and
    the stripes symbolize a ray of light from the sun
  • First official flag came about in 1777
  • Has gone through many changes since then

History Activities
  • Students will document on a timeline each year a
    change was made to the U.S. Flag. We will talk
    about what adding a star to the flag meant
  • Students will do a webquest on the making of the
    flag. They will write in their journal about how
    the flag was made in 1777, versus how it would be
    made today.
  • Students will create a flag and document facts
    they learn about the flag during the lesson

History Activities (continued)
  • Students will examine pictures of the different
    US flags and note their similarities and
  • Students will create a flag and put into words
    in their journals what the colors of the flag
    means to them.
  • Students will learn how to properly fold the flag

History Websites
  • Bens Guide to U.S. Government
  • http//bensguide.gpo.gov/3-5/symbols/flag.html
  • Betsy Rosss Homepage
  • http//www.ushistory.org/betsy/
  • Fact Monster for Kids
  • http//www.factmonster.com/spot/flagday.html
  • History of the U.S. Flag
  • http//www.usflag.org/
  • Flag Rules and Regulations
  • http//www.ushistory.org/betsy/flagetiq.html

People in Societies
  • The students will learn about
  • Cultures
  • Diffusion

People in Society Activities
  • The students will take a poll of teachers in the
    school to see whether or not they think Betsy
    Ross sewed the first flag
  • The students will research, using books and
    computers, the myth surrounding Betsy Ross.

People in Society
  • Students will dress in period costume and tell
    the story of the making of the flag (Teacher will
    have costumes available)
  • On a five sided star the students will create an
    acrostic poem using the flag
  • Discussion on what it was like to live 225 years
    ago. Make a Venn diagram comparing how it was
    alike and different from today

  • Education World Lesson Plans
  • http//www.education-world.com/a_lesson/lesson267.
  • Bens Guide to U.S. Government-Flag
  • http//bensguide.gpo.gov/3-5/symbols/flag.html
  • History of the American Flag
  • http//www.usa-flag-site.org/history.shtml
  • PBS for Educators of the Flag
  • http//www.pbs.org/americaresponds/theamericanflag
  • VA Kids
  • http//www.va.gov/kids/k-5/multicontent.asp?intPag

  • The students will learn about
  • Location
  • Places and Regions
  • Human Environmental Interaction

Mount Rushmore Facts
  • Location Black Hills, South Dakota
  • Created by Gutzon Borglum
  • Faces are between 50-70 feet high
  • 4 presidents Washington, Jefferson, Roosevelt,
  • Began drilling in 1927
  • Took 14 years to complete by Gutzons son
  • 800 million pounds of stone were removed
  • Workers had to climb 506 steps each day to the

Geography Activities
  • Students will look at a map, and map the distance
    from their home to the Black Hills in South
  • Students will create a diagram that compares the
    similarities and differences between South Dakota
    and the state they live in.

Geography Activities
  • Students will go outside and try to measure out
    50-70 feet, using whatever measures necessary
    (This was the height of the faces)
  • We will discuss as a class, why John Borglum was
    not able to carve from the head to the waist
    (CLUE this was due to the granite being to
    crumble) Brainstorm as a class and make a bar
    graph of the different ideas

Websites for Mount Rushmore
  • South Dakota Tourism
  • http//travelsd.com/placestogo/rushmore/
  • Bens Guide to Mount Rushmore
  • http//bensguide.gpo.gov/3-5/symbols/mountrushmore
  • National Park Service
  • http//www.nps.gov/moru/
  • American Park Network
  • http//www.americanparknetwork.com/parkinfo/ru/
  • Enchanted Learning
  • http//www.enchantedlearning.com/history/us/symbol

  • The students will learn about
  • Scarcity and Resource Allocation
  • Production, Distribution, and Consumption
  • Markets

Liberty Bell Facts
  • Bell was ordered from London, England
  • Had a crack in the bell from shipping
  • Weighs 2000 pounds
  • 70 copper 30 tin
  • Liberty Bell was recast several times in order to
    make the ring sound right
  • Liberty Bell was removed from Independence Hall
    in 1777 for safe keeping during the war
  • Liberty Bell is gently rung on July 4th each year

Economics Activities
  • We will discuss the differences in price between
    1751 and present day
  • Foundry workers created the Liberty bell. There
    will be a discussion about the role of machinery
    today versus hand-made

Economics Activities
  • The U.S. bought the Liberty Bell from London. We
    will examine different types of money i.e.
    American, English and other types (have real
    examples if possible)
  • The class will make a chart of services that you
    normally pay for and those that are free

Economic Activities
  • The Liberty Bell was melted down several times,
    using different metals. The students can
    determine if this made the price of the bell go
    up or down. (opinion-based, depending on the age
    of the children)

Economic Websites
  • The Liberty Bell
  • http//bensguide.gpo.gov/3-5/symbols/libertybell.h
  • Liberty Bell Museum
  • http//www.libertybellmuseum.com/activities.htm
  • Liberty Bell-Enchanted Learning
  • http//www.enchantedlearning.com/history/us/monume
  • U.S. History
  • http//www.ushistory.org/libertybell/
  • Liberty Bell Facts
  • http//home.att.net/honorAmerica/libertybell/hist

  • The students will learn about
  • The role of government
  • Rules and laws of government

Government Activities
  • We will read So you want to be President?
  • As a class, we will discuss the role of the
    President and the rules they have to enforce and
    follow. Make a chart of rules these particular
    presidents may have had to follow and how the
    rules are different from today.

Government Activities
  • The students will elect a President for the day,
    this student will make speeches, enforce rules,
    get along with people and shake hands with those
    in the hall.
  • Each student will do a webquest on a different
    president. They will find out their home state
    and what number president they were. Once
    information is gathered each student will place
    their president on a map in the classroom.
  • Explain that presidents wear many hats. Each time
    a student learns an new fact about the presidents
    job, they will write it on the Presidents Hat

  • Scholastic
  • http//teacher.scholastic.com/researchtools/articl
  • 2nd Grade Teaching Site
  • http//www.orange.k12.nc.us/he/pages/teaching20in
  • White House
  • http//www.whitehouse.gov/
  • PBS
  • http//pbskids.org/democracy/presforaday/
  • Education World
  • http//www.education-world.com/a_lesson/lesson223.

Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities
  • The students will learn about
  • Participation
  • Rights and Responsibilities

Pledge of Allegiance
  • First published in 1892
  • Published in the Youths Companion magazine
  • First published in public schools to celebrate
    Columbus Day on Oct. 12, 1892
  • Received recognition by Congress as an act on
    June 22, 1942
  • The phrase under God was added on June 14, 1954

Citizenship Activities
  • Read America A Patriotic Primer by Lynne Cheney
  • The students will learn how to display and take
    care of the U.S. Flag
  • Students will look closely at the Pledge of
    Allegiance and break it down line by line into
    words that we think it means

Citizenship Activities
  • Have students vote which book they would like to
    listen to today. Explain the concept of voting in
    a democracy
  • The teacher will explain what citizenship is,
    and the students will participate in Citizenship
    Day! Students will take notice when they see
    others showing good citizenship in school.

Citizenship Websites
  • Memorial Day Activities
  • http//www.eduplace.com/monthlytheme/may/memorial_
  • The Flag of the United States
  • http//www.usflag.org/
  • Betsy Ross Homepage
  • http//www.ushistory.org/betsy/
  • Education World Citizenship activities
  • http//www.education-world.com/a_curr/curr008.shtm
  • Bens Guide to U.S. Government-Flag
  • http//bensguide.gpo.gov/3-5/symbols/flag.html

S.S. Skills and Methods
  • The students will learn about
  • Obtaining Information
  • Thinking and organizing
  • Communicating information
  • Problem-solving

Great Seal Facts
  • Created by Ben Franklin, John Adams, and Thomas
  • Approved on June 20, 1782
  • Center of SealEagle (National bird)
  • Beak holds a scroll that says E pluribus unum
    which means out of many, one one nation created
    from 13 colonies
  • One claw holds an olive branch and the other claw
    holds a bundle of 13 arrows these symbolize
    power and peace
  • Shield with 13 red and white stripes covers the
    eagles breast
  • Cloud above the eagles head contains 13 stars
    which form a constellation
  • There is a pattern of 13 on the seal representing
    the 13 states

Social Studies Skills
  • Students will work together in pairs to do a
    webquest on a symbol of their choice, they will
    report interesting facts they have found to the
    entire class
  • Students will read about the myth surrounding who
    actually made the first flag. Was it Betsy Ross
    or not? They will hold a debate in class,
    presenting both sides

Social Studies Skills
  • As a class, we will determine if George
    Washington actually cut down the cherry tree
  • Students will brainstorm in groups, to determine
    all of the sources that are available for finding
    information on a topic, come together as a large
    group to identify all of their sources
  • Students will participate in a quiz bowl, which
    will be a review of all of the facts they have

  • Education World
  • http//www.education-world.com/awards/past/topics/
  • PBS- Liberty
  • http//www.pbs.org/ktca/liberty/
  • Symbols of the U.S.
  • http//www.evergreen.edu/library/GovDocs/symbols.h
  • Info USA
  • http//usinfo.state.gov/usa/infousa/facts/symbols.
  • AtoZ Kids Stuff
  • http//www.atozkidsstuff.com/symbols.html
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