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Famous U.S. Symbols

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American Flag. Mount Rushmore. Pledge of Allegiance. History ... History of the American Flag. http://www.usa-flag-site.org/history.shtml ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Famous U.S. Symbols


1
Famous U.S. Symbols
  • Robin Zelinski
  • Jennifer Morrow
  • EDE 417

2
Table of Contents
  • Pg. 3 Introduction to slides
  • Pg. 4-7 History, Activities, Websites
  • Pg. 8-11 People in Societies, Activities,
    Websites
  • Pg. 12-15 Geography, Activities, Websites
  • Pg. 16-20 Economics, Activities, Websites
  • Pg. 21- 24 Government, Activities, Websites
  • Pg. 25- 28 Citizenship, Activities, Websites
  • Pg. 29- 32 S.S. Skills, Activities, Websites

3
Famous U.S. Symbols
  • 2nd Grade
  • The students will learn about the
  • Liberty Bell
  • Great Seal
  • American Flag
  • Mount Rushmore
  • Pledge of Allegiance

4
History
  • The students will learn about the following
    areas
  • Chronology
  • Daily Life
  • Heritage

5
Flag Facts
  • 13 stripes
  • 50 stars
  • Redvalor and bravery
  • Bluevigilance, perseverance, and justice
  • White purity and innocence
  • Stars are considered a symbol of the heavens and
    the stripes symbolize a ray of light from the sun
  • First official flag came about in 1777
  • Has gone through many changes since then

6
History Activities
  • Students will document on a timeline each year a
    change was made to the U.S. Flag. We will talk
    about what adding a star to the flag meant
  • Students will do a webquest on the making of the
    flag. They will write in their journal about how
    the flag was made in 1777, versus how it would be
    made today.
  • Students will create a flag and document facts
    they learn about the flag during the lesson

7
History Activities (continued)
  • Students will examine pictures of the different
    US flags and note their similarities and
    differences
  • Students will create a flag and put into words
    in their journals what the colors of the flag
    means to them.
  • Students will learn how to properly fold the flag

8
History Websites
  • Bens Guide to U.S. Government
  • http//bensguide.gpo.gov/3-5/symbols/flag.html
  • Betsy Rosss Homepage
  • http//www.ushistory.org/betsy/
  • Fact Monster for Kids
  • http//www.factmonster.com/spot/flagday.html
  • History of the U.S. Flag
  • http//www.usflag.org/
  • Flag Rules and Regulations
  • http//www.ushistory.org/betsy/flagetiq.html

9
People in Societies
  • The students will learn about
  • Cultures
  • Diffusion

10
People in Society Activities
  • The students will take a poll of teachers in the
    school to see whether or not they think Betsy
    Ross sewed the first flag
  • The students will research, using books and
    computers, the myth surrounding Betsy Ross.

11
People in Society
  • Students will dress in period costume and tell
    the story of the making of the flag (Teacher will
    have costumes available)
  • On a five sided star the students will create an
    acrostic poem using the flag
  • Discussion on what it was like to live 225 years
    ago. Make a Venn diagram comparing how it was
    alike and different from today

12
Websites
  • Education World Lesson Plans
  • http//www.education-world.com/a_lesson/lesson267.
    shtml
  • Bens Guide to U.S. Government-Flag
  • http//bensguide.gpo.gov/3-5/symbols/flag.html
  • History of the American Flag
  • http//www.usa-flag-site.org/history.shtml
  • PBS for Educators of the Flag
  • http//www.pbs.org/americaresponds/theamericanflag
    .html
  • VA Kids
  • http//www.va.gov/kids/k-5/multicontent.asp?intPag
    eId8

13
Geography
  • The students will learn about
  • Location
  • Places and Regions
  • Human Environmental Interaction

14
Mount Rushmore Facts
  • Location Black Hills, South Dakota
  • Created by Gutzon Borglum
  • Faces are between 50-70 feet high
  • 4 presidents Washington, Jefferson, Roosevelt,
    Lincoln
  • Began drilling in 1927
  • Took 14 years to complete by Gutzons son
  • 800 million pounds of stone were removed
  • Workers had to climb 506 steps each day to the
    top

15
Geography Activities
  • Students will look at a map, and map the distance
    from their home to the Black Hills in South
    Dakota
  • Students will create a diagram that compares the
    similarities and differences between South Dakota
    and the state they live in.

16
Geography Activities
  • Students will go outside and try to measure out
    50-70 feet, using whatever measures necessary
    (This was the height of the faces)
  • We will discuss as a class, why John Borglum was
    not able to carve from the head to the waist
    (CLUE this was due to the granite being to
    crumble) Brainstorm as a class and make a bar
    graph of the different ideas

17
Websites for Mount Rushmore
  • South Dakota Tourism
  • http//travelsd.com/placestogo/rushmore/
  • Bens Guide to Mount Rushmore
  • http//bensguide.gpo.gov/3-5/symbols/mountrushmore
    .html
  • National Park Service
  • http//www.nps.gov/moru/
  • American Park Network
  • http//www.americanparknetwork.com/parkinfo/ru/
  • Enchanted Learning
  • http//www.enchantedlearning.com/history/us/symbol
    s/index.shtml

18
Economics
  • The students will learn about
  • Scarcity and Resource Allocation
  • Production, Distribution, and Consumption
  • Markets

19
Liberty Bell Facts
  • Bell was ordered from London, England
  • Had a crack in the bell from shipping
  • Weighs 2000 pounds
  • 70 copper 30 tin
  • Liberty Bell was recast several times in order to
    make the ring sound right
  • Liberty Bell was removed from Independence Hall
    in 1777 for safe keeping during the war
  • Liberty Bell is gently rung on July 4th each year

20
Economics Activities
  • We will discuss the differences in price between
    1751 and present day
  • Foundry workers created the Liberty bell. There
    will be a discussion about the role of machinery
    today versus hand-made

21
Economics Activities
  • The U.S. bought the Liberty Bell from London. We
    will examine different types of money i.e.
    American, English and other types (have real
    examples if possible)
  • The class will make a chart of services that you
    normally pay for and those that are free

22
Economic Activities
  • The Liberty Bell was melted down several times,
    using different metals. The students can
    determine if this made the price of the bell go
    up or down. (opinion-based, depending on the age
    of the children)

23
Economic Websites
  • The Liberty Bell
  • http//bensguide.gpo.gov/3-5/symbols/libertybell.h
    tml
  • Liberty Bell Museum
  • http//www.libertybellmuseum.com/activities.htm
  • Liberty Bell-Enchanted Learning
  • http//www.enchantedlearning.com/history/us/monume
    nts/libertybell/
  • U.S. History
  • http//www.ushistory.org/libertybell/
  • Liberty Bell Facts
  • http//home.att.net/honorAmerica/libertybell/hist
    ory/bellfacts.htm

24
Government
  • The students will learn about
  • The role of government
  • Rules and laws of government

25
Government Activities
  • We will read So you want to be President?
  • As a class, we will discuss the role of the
    President and the rules they have to enforce and
    follow. Make a chart of rules these particular
    presidents may have had to follow and how the
    rules are different from today.

26
Government Activities
  • The students will elect a President for the day,
    this student will make speeches, enforce rules,
    get along with people and shake hands with those
    in the hall.
  • Each student will do a webquest on a different
    president. They will find out their home state
    and what number president they were. Once
    information is gathered each student will place
    their president on a map in the classroom.
  • Explain that presidents wear many hats. Each time
    a student learns an new fact about the presidents
    job, they will write it on the Presidents Hat

27
Websites
  • Scholastic
  • http//teacher.scholastic.com/researchtools/articl
    earchives/civics/index.htm
  • 2nd Grade Teaching Site
  • http//www.orange.k12.nc.us/he/pages/teaching20in
    ternet/2nd20grade.htmlGovernment
  • White House
  • http//www.whitehouse.gov/
  • PBS
  • http//pbskids.org/democracy/presforaday/
  • Education World
  • http//www.education-world.com/a_lesson/lesson223.
    shtml

28
Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities
  • The students will learn about
  • Participation
  • Rights and Responsibilities

29
Pledge of Allegiance
  • First published in 1892
  • Published in the Youths Companion magazine
  • First published in public schools to celebrate
    Columbus Day on Oct. 12, 1892
  • Received recognition by Congress as an act on
    June 22, 1942
  • The phrase under God was added on June 14, 1954

30
Citizenship Activities
  • Read America A Patriotic Primer by Lynne Cheney
  • The students will learn how to display and take
    care of the U.S. Flag
  • Students will look closely at the Pledge of
    Allegiance and break it down line by line into
    words that we think it means

31
Citizenship Activities
  • Have students vote which book they would like to
    listen to today. Explain the concept of voting in
    a democracy
  • The teacher will explain what citizenship is,
    and the students will participate in Citizenship
    Day! Students will take notice when they see
    others showing good citizenship in school.

32
Citizenship Websites
  • Memorial Day Activities
  • http//www.eduplace.com/monthlytheme/may/memorial_
    activities.html
  • The Flag of the United States
  • http//www.usflag.org/
  • Betsy Ross Homepage
  • http//www.ushistory.org/betsy/
  • Education World Citizenship activities
  • http//www.education-world.com/a_curr/curr008.shtm
    l
  • Bens Guide to U.S. Government-Flag
  • http//bensguide.gpo.gov/3-5/symbols/flag.html

33
S.S. Skills and Methods
  • The students will learn about
  • Obtaining Information
  • Thinking and organizing
  • Communicating information
  • Problem-solving

34
Great Seal Facts
  • Created by Ben Franklin, John Adams, and Thomas
    Jefferson
  • Approved on June 20, 1782
  • Center of SealEagle (National bird)
  • Beak holds a scroll that says E pluribus unum
    which means out of many, one one nation created
    from 13 colonies
  • One claw holds an olive branch and the other claw
    holds a bundle of 13 arrows these symbolize
    power and peace
  • Shield with 13 red and white stripes covers the
    eagles breast
  • Cloud above the eagles head contains 13 stars
    which form a constellation
  • There is a pattern of 13 on the seal representing
    the 13 states

35
Social Studies Skills
  • Students will work together in pairs to do a
    webquest on a symbol of their choice, they will
    report interesting facts they have found to the
    entire class
  • Students will read about the myth surrounding who
    actually made the first flag. Was it Betsy Ross
    or not? They will hold a debate in class,
    presenting both sides

36
Social Studies Skills
  • As a class, we will determine if George
    Washington actually cut down the cherry tree
  • Students will brainstorm in groups, to determine
    all of the sources that are available for finding
    information on a topic, come together as a large
    group to identify all of their sources
  • Students will participate in a quiz bowl, which
    will be a review of all of the facts they have
    learned

37
Websites
  • Education World
  • http//www.education-world.com/awards/past/topics/
    soc_sci.shtml
  • PBS- Liberty
  • http//www.pbs.org/ktca/liberty/
  • Symbols of the U.S.
  • http//www.evergreen.edu/library/GovDocs/symbols.h
    tml
  • Info USA
  • http//usinfo.state.gov/usa/infousa/facts/symbols.
    htm
  • AtoZ Kids Stuff
  • http//www.atozkidsstuff.com/symbols.html
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