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SMS at AEI Annual congress 2006

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Canada. Febr 2006. 27. SMS Benefits - Air Transat. Improved employee morale ... Air Transat has a 72% decrease in irregular operating costs (over $1m per month saved) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SMS at AEI Annual congress 2006


1
Aircraft Engineers International Annual Congress
Belgrade, September 2006
Aviation Safety Management Systems (SMS)
Vangelis Demosthenous MSc IEng AMRAeS Human
Factors Coordinator
2
Presentation Objectives
  • Describe what an SMS is
  • Discuss why an SMS is needed
  • Review how is SMS handled around the world
  • Identify how is it related with other concepts
    (Quality Assurance, Human Factors)
  • Assist AEI decide if and how to adopt and promote
    SMS in Aviation.

3
What do we, as AEI and individual members, want
for the aviation industry?
  • Safe operation and safe working environment
  • Efficient, effective and financially strong
    airlines and maintenance organisations

4
Aviation industry today
  • When aviation organisations are struggling to
    survive what happens to the status of safety?

5
ICAO Definitions (recently added)
  • Safety Programme. An integrated set of
    regulations aimed at improving safety. (to be
    developed by States/Aviation Authorities)
  • Safety Management System. A systematic approach
    to managing safety, including the necessary
    organizational structures, accountabilities,
    policies and procedures. (to be developed by
    Airlines, Maintenance Organisations, Aerodromes,
    ATS Providers)

6
ICAO Requirements
  • Annex 6 Operation of Aircraft
  • 3.2.4 From 1 January 2009, States shall require,
    as part of their safety programme, that an
    operator implements a safety management system
    acceptable to the State of the operator

7
ICAO Requirements
  • Annex 6 Operation of Aircraft
  • 8.7 Approved Maintenance Organisation
  • 8.7.3.4 From 1 January 2009, States shall
    require, as part of their safety programme, that
    a maintenance organisation implements a safety
    management system acceptable to the State of the
    operator

8
A330 Gliding
  • 24 August 2001
  • Chartered flight Toronto - Lisbon
  • Emergency Diversion to Terceira (0545 UTC)
  • ENG 2 flamed out at FL 390 (0613 UTC)
  • ENG 1 flamed out at FL 345 (0626 UTC)
  • Glided to Terceira (65 Nm) 19 minutes
  • Touched down on Rwy 33 (0645 UTC)
  • 293 pax, 13 crew 18 minor injuries during
    evacuation

9
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10
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11
Evidence of Fuel Spillage
12
Contributing Factors
  • Fuel pipe rupture was caused by mismatch of
    pre-mod and post-mod hydraulic pump and fuel pipe
    installation
  • Although clearance was achieved during
    installation, pressurization of hydraulic line
    forced the tube back to its natural position and
    eliminated the clearance

13
Eng 2 Interference Hydraulic / Fuel Pipe
14
Fuel Pipe Crack Initiation (contact point)
Crack Initiation
Length of Crack approx 70 mm
15
Crack Opening
Crack width 2-3 mm (static)
16
Traditional approach to safety and its limitations
  • Traditional Approach
  • Develop regulations on how to design,
    manufacture, maintain and operate aircraft.
  • Develop systems to ensure these regulations are
    complied with
  • Aviation organisations comply with the
    regulations
  • Limitations
  • But… can we write a regulation for every
    potential hazard?
  • So we do not address all hazards
  • We just comply with existing regulations

17
SMS by Regulators
  • ICAO Mandatory 2009
  • Transport Canada Mandatory 2004
  • CASA Australia - Mandatory
  • UK CAA Recommendation CAP 712 2001
  • FAA Recommendation June 2006

18
The 10 basic steps in implementing a Safety (CASA
Australia)
  • 1. Gain senior management commitment.
  • 2. Set safety management policies and objectives.
  • 3. Appoint a safety officer.
  • 4. Set up a safety committee (usually only for
    large or complex organisations).
  • 5. Establish a process to manage risks.
  • 6. Set up a reporting system to record hazards,
    risks and actions taken.
  • 7. Train and educate staff.
  • 8. Audit your operation and investigate incidents
    and accidents.
  • 9. Set up a system to control documentation and
    data.
  • 10. Evaluate how the system is working.

19
Relation of SMS with other Concepts
  • Quality and Safety Management Systems have about
    70 in common
  • SMS uses principles of Human Factors
  • SMS uses principles of System Safety

20
Safety Management System
Quality System
Human Factors
System Safety
21
SMS Example
22
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23
Safety Benefits of SMS
  • SMS provides a structured management system to
    control risk in operations.
  • It also provides the organizational framework to
    support a sound safety culture
  • FAA AC 120-92 June 2006 -Introduction to Safety
    Management Systems for Air Operators

24
Business Benefits of SMS
  • Operators in other countries and in other
    industries who have integrated SMS into their
    business models report that the added emphasis on
    process management and continuous improvement
    benefits them financially as well.
  • FAA AC 120-92 June 2006 -Introduction to Safety
    Management Systems for Air Operators

25
SMS Results by SIA Engineering Company (SIAEC) -
Singapore
26
Benefits - Example
  • Program has been operational for two years
  • HS major injuries down 20 over last year
  • Ground damage is down 15 over last year
  • Savik Ramkay Director Safety Management System
  • SKYSERVICE AIRLINES
  • Canada
  • Febr 2006

27
SMS Benefits - Air Transat
  • Improved employee morale
  • Benefits in reduced incidents and increased
    awareness of operation
  • Air Transat has a 72 decrease in irregular
    operating costs (over 1m per month saved)

28
Should AEI support and promote SMS?
29
Both the business case and the safety case
support the benefits of introducing SMS
Captain Rick Clarke Director, SMS of Air Line
Pilots Association (ALPA)
30
  • Safety Management System
  • enhances airlines ability to operate safely
  • It breaks down barriers between employer and
    employee
  • It leads to shared values on acceptable levels of
    risk

31
Conclusions
  • SMS will be mandated in our requirements
  • Traditional approach to safety leave significant
    safety gaps
  • Organisations report considerable safety and
    business benefits through SMS implementation
  • AEI should consider adopting and prompting SMS
    (more on this during the coming workshop)

32
Thank You!
33
Vangelis Demosthenous Kratis Training and
Consulting Ltd 37, Kyriakou Matsi Flat 201 2373
Ayios Dometios Nicosia Cyprus Tel
357-22449088 Mob. 357 99680082 Fax
357-22449089 E-mail vangelis_at_spidernet.com.cy E
-mail demosthenous_at_kratisconsulting.com
34
SMS References
  • ICAO
  • http//www.icao.int/cgi/goto_m_nacc.pl?nacc/meetin
    gs/2006/sms/index.html
  • AN 12/17-05/93 Proposal for the amendment of
    Annex 6, Parts I and III, Annex 11, and Annex 14,
    Volume I, to harmonize provisions regarding
    safety management (7/10/2005) http//www.icao.int/
    anb/safetymanagement/SL_931.pdf
  • ICAO Doc 9859 Safety Management Manual (SMM)
    2.2mb pdf http//www.icao.int/fsix/_Library/SMM-98
    59_1ed_en.pdf
  • UK CAA
  • http//www.caa.co.uk/application.aspx?categoryid3
    3pagetype65applicationid11
  • Search for 'safety management', several good
    documents listed
  • Australia
  • http//www.casa.gov.au/sms/index.htm
  • Canada
  • http//www.tc.gc.ca/CivilAviation/maintenance/SMS/
    menu.htm
  • TP13881E Safety Management Systems for Flight
    Operations And Aircraft Maintenance Organizations
  • Flight Safety Foundation
  • Digest Nov-Dec 2005 (also May 1999)
  • http//www.flightsafety.org/pubs/fsd_2005.html
  • GAIN
  • http//www.gainweb.org/
  • Go to Aviation Operator Safety Practices
    "Operator's Flight Safety Handbook (OFSH) Issue
    2" (English (OFSH, Issue 2) / Portuguese (OFSH,
    Issue 1) / Chinese (OFSH, Issue 2) / Spanish
    (OFSH, Issue 1) / Japanese (OFSH, Issue 1) /
    Spanish (OFSH, Issue 2) "Cabin Safety Compendium"
    (English / Spanish)
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