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... for ACE/NETC members ... Both ACE and NETC us


... for ACE/NETC members ... Both ACE and NETC use presentations at national and regional ... Can be expensive hardware, connectivity. Requires planning ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ... for ACE/NETC members ... Both ACE and NETC us

Doing an ACE/NETC Workshop at a
DistanceExperiences from 2002-2003
  • Linda Ffolliott, University of Arizona,
  • Ellen Varley, University of Maryland,
  • Rebecca Osborne, West Virginia University
    Extension Service, rosborne_at_wvu.edu

Talk overview
  • Background and history
  • What happened in 2002-2003
  • Pros and cons of delivery tools
  • Details about the Dreamweaver class
  • Upcoming events
  • Things you should consider
  • How you can help?

Email delivered classes
  • Mid 1990s
  • Covered various software programs
  • Targeted to trainers who supported people in own
  • Lessons posted as email messages
  • Questions/answers through listserv for class
  • Adapted to web with screen captures and put at
    Land Grant Training Alliance site
    http//www.lgta.org by Rhonda Conlon

Web based classes in Arizona
  • In 1998 and 1999 gave classes for my own people
    in Arizona
  • Class materials on website closed mailing list
    for class discussion
  • No exercises required
  • No motivation for students to keep up with 4- to
    6-week classes

Web accessibility class
  • Given summer 2000 for ACE/NETC members
  • Cooperative project from Jeanne Wiebke in Iowa
    and Linda Ffolliott in Arizona
  • Lessons posted to website closed mailing list
    for discussion
  • No charge to take, optional exercises
  • Some 80 participants but a low completion rate
    (perhaps 15-20)

Web authoring class Jan 2002
  • 6 week class coordinated by Cindy Eves-Thomas in
    Maine Extension
  • Taught through website with closed mailing list
  • Open to ACE/NETC
  • 80 registrations in less than 24 hours
  • No charge and no required exercises
  • Completion rate was low

Why we should do distance?
  • Both ACE and NETC use presentations at national
    and regional meetings as primary way to share
    ideas and projects
  • Over reliance on one annual meeting excludes too
    many people
  • Concurrent sessions limit what you are exposed to
    at a meeting

Response to call for distance presentations
  • Distance class on Dreamweaver 4.0 basics given
    fall 2002 for ACE/NETC
  • New Mexico and other project members gave one
    hour web conferencing demonstration on April 9 on
    Extension en Espanol project
  • Although other topics were suggested, no others
    were given in the mid 2002-mid 2003

Distance Learning Technologies
  • Videoconferencing
  • Webcast presentations - Streaming
  • Web-based Course
  • Basic Website
  • Learning Management System (LMS), such as WebCT
    or Blackboard
  • Web Conferencing talks and demos
  • CD-ROM

adapted from Distance Learning and Sun
Microsystems, 1999
Advantages of Synchronous Delivery
  • Motivation
  • Presence
  • Good feedback
  • Pacing

Advantages of Asynchronous Delivery
  • Flexibility
  • Time to reflect
  • Situated learning
  • Cost-effective technology

Advantages of Videoconferencing
  • Combines audio video communication
  • Enables high levels of interaction
  • Familiar medium, easy to use
  • Enables any site to be the provider of the
    learning activities
  • Videoconferencing leads to virtual collaboration

Limitations of Videoconferencing
  • Requires scheduling problem with multiple time
  • Can be expensive hardware, connectivity
  • Requires planning and preparation
  • Requires technical support team
  • Instructional effectiveness limited without
    planned interaction
  • Security issues

Advantages of Webcast - Streaming
  • Streaming allows large amounts of media to be
    delivered via the web
  • Uses world wide web
  • High comfort level
  • Cost effective
  • Readily available and accessible
  • Ease of use for user

Limitations of Webcast Streaming
  • Requires video capture hardware software
  • Requires media player
  • Passive learner
  • Dependent on high bandwidth
  • Scheduling multiple time zones
  • Can appear degraded
  • Viewing area is small

Advantages of WEB and LMS
  • Allows self-paced instruction and learning
  • Can incorporate text, graphics, audio video
  • Allows high level of interactivity
  • Provides written record of discussions
  • Relatively inexpensive for user
  • Worldwide access

Limitations of WEB and LMS
  • Requires substantial planning preparation
  • Instructional effectiveness limited without
    planned interaction
  • Local firewalls can limit access
  • Requires proficiency in computer technology
  • Learners must be highly motivated
  • Expensive for initial purchase of product

World Wide Web Examples
  • Virtual Frog Dissection Kit
  • http//george.lbl.gov/ITG.hm.pg.docs/dissect/info.
  • Digital Learning Center for Microbial Ecology
  • http//commtechlab.msu.edu/sites/dlc-me/zoo/
  • The Heart An Online Exploration
  • http//sln.fi.edu/biosci/heart.html

LMS Examples
  • WebCT
  • http//www.courses.umd.edu/
  • Barnes and Noble University
  • http//www.barnesandnobleuniversity.com/
  • University College WebTycho Tour
  • http//www.umuc.edu/distance/de_orien/testdrv_frm.

Advantages of Web Conferencing
  • Uses the web to deliver instructional concepts
  • A browser is the basic delivery medium
  • High comfort level
  • Readily available and accessible
  • Ease of use
  • Any application that runs on computer can be
    shown with this tool

Limitations of Web Conferencing
  • Requires scheduling problem with multiple time
  • Dependent on high bandwidth
  • Time delay if materials are archived
  • Cost of system determined by number of seats
  • Firewalls can limit local access

Synchronous Web Conferencing
  • Webex demonstration
  • http//www.webex.com/
  • Click on Live Demo button (upper right)
  • Click on Join Now under Todays WebExpress Demos
  • Complete Name and E-mail Info
  • Follow Install Directions
  • You then will be connected and can call in via a
    toll free number

Advantages of CD-ROM
  • Versatile
  • Convenient for learner
  • Can transmit large files
  • Does not require an Internet connection
  • Accessible any time
  • Low cost to duplicate and distribute

Limitations of CD-ROM
  • Passive learner
  • Requires additional preparation by instructor
  • Learners need assignments to keep them engaged in
    the class

So, Which Technology is Best?
It Depends!
  • Focus on
  • Needs of the learners
  • Requirements of the content
  • Constraints faced by the instructor
  • Often a mix of technologies, each serving a
    specific purpose, will be the optimal decision

Dreamweaver 4.0 Basics class
  • 6-week distance class with two weeks more to
    complete individual project
  • Given late Oct through mid Dec 2002
  • ACE/NETC members could take but opened to outside
    people after initial notice

Three methods of delivering content
  • Bulk of material through WebCT site at University
    of Arizona
  • Video-like tutorials visually showing various
    features (made with Camtasia)
  • Four different live demonstrations using
    University of Illinois Telenet web conferencing

Primarily asynchronous
  • 31 students in 11 states and one from Taiwan, so
    students could pick times good for them for
    working with class materials, posting exercises,
    taking quizzes

Show website
Motivational devices
  • Students picked class project that used many
    skills covered in class, due two weeks after last
  • Option to earn certificate if completed
    assignments by deadline
  • Weekly exercises related to lesson
  • Daily tip posted as incentive for them to check
  • Three quizzes covering lessons and tips

Fee for class
  • Charged 35 per student to primarily pay for
    connection charges for web conferencing
  • Non-refundable
  • However, fee helped give students a sense of
  • 60 completion rate from ACE/NETC members

Instructor time commitments
  • 3-4 days writing each of the 6 lessons
  • 2-6 hours for each of the 30 tips
  • One day for each of the three quizzes
  • 2-6 hours per videoclip
  • 5 days for initial contact with class members and
    to set up accounts to use WebCT
  • 1-2 hours per day for 8 weeks of class, answering
    questions, grading quizzes and exercises

To get materials
  • Cannot directly connect since University of
    Arizona requires University ID to connect to
    class site
  • To get a copy of the zipped WebCT class
    materials, as well as the various lessons and
    exercises as HTML files, and the video tutorials,
    leave a business card with me (Linda Ffolliott)
    or at the display about this class

Upcoming projects
  • Roadmap to Effective Distance Education
    Instructional Design Ricky Telg, 6 set of
    lessons over 6 months enrollment is limited
  • Introduction to Photoshop 7 for Website Graphics
    4-6 week class planned for fall or winter,
    Linda Ffolliott

Things to consider
  • Considerable difference in development time
    commitments between doing demonstration and
    multiple week class
  • Who is your audience and what do you want to
  • Do you have content ready to go?
  • If it is a class, how will you engage students?

Things to consider (2)
  • Are you going to charge? Charging helps make
    participants more serious about completing a
  • If you have costs, like testing a web
    conferencing system or buying CDs and mailing
    certificates, be sure to build those into your
  • What delivery tool or tools will you use?
  • Do you know how to use these tools?

Other ways to help
  • Within your working groups or SIG, brainstorm
    about a distance presentation or class you could
    sponsor within the next year or two.
  • Start thinking about distance options. Can
    content delivered at a national or regional
    meeting be delivered at a distance to other

General discussion
  • A Teachers Guide to Distance Learning
  • http//fcit.coedu.usf.edu/distance/
  • Video Conferencing Cookbook.
  • http//www.vide.gatech.edu/cookbook2.0/
  • Distance Education at a Glance Guide 1
  • http//www.uidaho.edu/evo/dist1.html

  • Videoconferencing for Learning
  • http//www.kn.pacbell.com/wired/vidconf/
  • California Distance Learning Project
  • http//www.cdlponline.org/dlinfo/cdlp1/distance/
  • UMUC-Verizon Virtual Resource Site for Teaching
    with Technology
  • http//www.umuc.edu/virtualteaching/

Webliography - UMD
  • AGNR Videoconferencing information
  • http//www.agnr.umd.edu/cit/dl/
  • click on Videoconferencing
  • AGNR Learning Management System
  • http//www.courses.umd.edu

Contact Information
  • Linda Ffolliott
  • Webmaster, College of Agriculture and Life
  • University of Arizona
  • Forbes Building, ECAT
  • Tucson AZ 85721-0036
  • Email ffolinda_at_ag.arizona
  • Telephone 520-621-7179

Contact Information
  • Rebecca Osborne
  • Computer Training Specialist
  • West Virginia University Extension Service
  • 516 Knapp Hall
  • Morgantown WV 26506
  • Email rosborne_at_wvu.edu
  • Telephone 304-293-4221 x3413

Contact Information
  • Ellen Varley
  • Distance Learning Specialist
  • College of Agriculture Natural Resources
  • University of Maryland
  • 0122 Symons Hall
  • College Park, MD 20742
  • Email evarley_at_umd.edu
  • Telephone 301-405-4581
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